Demonstration of Land Use Changes Simulation Using Urban Climate Model
Cities in their historical evolution have always adapted their internal structure to the needs of society (for example protective city walls during classicism era lost their defense function, became unnecessary, were demolished and gave space for new features such as roads, museums or parks). Today it is necessary to modify the internal structure of the city in order to minimize the impact of climate changes on the environment of the population. This article discusses the results of the Urban Climate model owned by VITO, which was carried out as part of a project from the European Union's Horizon grant agreement No 730004 Pan-European Urban Climate Services Climate-Fit city. The use of the model was aimed at changes in land use and land cover in cities related to urban heat islands (UHI). The task of the application was to evaluate possible land use change scenarios in connection with city requirements and ideas. Two pilot areas in the Czech Republic were selected. One is Ostrava and the other Hodonín. The paper provides a demonstration of the application of the model for various possible future development scenarios. It contains an assessment of the suitability or inappropriateness of scenarios of future development depending on the temperature increase. Cities that are preparing to reconstruct the public space are interested in eliminating proposals that would lead to an increase in temperature stress as early as in the assignment phase. If they have evaluation on the unsuitability of some type of design, they can limit it into the proposal phases. Therefore, especially in the application of models on Local level - in 1 m spatial resolution, it was necessary to show which type of proposals would create a significant temperature island in its implementation. Such a type of proposal is considered unsuitable. The model shows that the building itself can create a shady place and thus contribute to the reduction of the UHI. If it sensitively approaches the protection of existing greenery, this new construction may not pose a significant problem. More massive interventions leading to the reduction of existing greenery create a new heat island space.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF
 A. Guterres , “68% of the world population projected to live in urban areas by 2050 – UN”, United Nation Department of economic and social affair.(publis.hed in web)https://www.un.org/development/desa/ en/ news/population/2018-revision-of-world-urbanization-prospects.html, 2018
 “V českých městech žijí skoro tři čtvrtiny obyvatelstva” (Nearly three quarters of the population live in Czech cities )Statistika a my, 4/2012, p 23, 2012.
 M. Finka .” Sustainable territorial development and concepts of polycentricity in Slovak territorial development,” Urban Research & Practice, 2:3, 332-343, DOI: 10.1080/17535060903319319, 2009.
 C Schär, P. L Vidale,., D.Luthi, C. Frei, C. Haberli, M.A. Liniger, and C., Appenzeller, C.”The role of increasing temperaturevariability in European Summer heat waves”. Nature 427, 332–336. 2004.
 G. A. Meehl. C. Tebaldi, ”More Intense, More Frequent, and Longer Lasting Heat Waves in the 21st CenturyScience 13 Aug 2004:Vol. 305, Issue 5686, pp. 994-997DOI: 10.1126/science.1098704
 K.M.A Gabriel., , W.R. Endlicher., . “Urban and rural mortality rates during heat waves in Berlin and Brandenburg, Germany.” Environ. Poll. 159, 2044–2050, 2011.
 J. Vargo, D. Habeeb, and B. Stone, “The importance of land cover change across urban–rural typologies for climate modeling”, Journal of environmental management, 114, 243–252, 2013.
 K. Matějka Vývoj teplot a srážek v ČR od roku 1961 (Evolution of temperatures and precipitation in the Czech Republic since 1961) available on web https://www.infodatasys.cz/climate/KlimaCR1961.htm, 2014
 Adaptační strategie statutárního města Ostravy na dopady a rizika vyplývající ze změny klimatu(Adaptation Strategy of the Statutory City of Ostrava on the Impacts and Risks of Climate Change) available on web http://zdravaova.cz/adaptacni-strategie-na-zmeny-klimatu/
 P. M. Vitousek, H.A.Mooney, J. Lubchenco, and J.M. Melillo, ” Human domination of Earth’s ecosystems,” Science, 277, 494’– 499, doi:10.1126/science.277.5325.494, 1997.
 L. R. Boysen, V. Brovkin, V. K. Arora, P. Cadule, N. de Noblet-Ducoudré, E. Kato, J. Pongratz,and V. Gayler, “Global and regional effects of land-use change on climate in 21st century simulations with interactive carbon cycle”, Earth System Dynamics, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 309-319, 2014
 F. Khestl, V.Šulková, P. Mec, “ Use of Glassy Slag from Biomass Combustion in the Building Industry – Coarse Aggregate”. In Advanced Materials Research. Volume 1122. Durnten-Zurich : Trans Tech Publications, 2015, s. 219-224.
 J. Koňařík, J. Biháčová, F. Khestl, “Properties of alkali-activated systems and the possibilities of their application in the decorating elements of the facades”. Waste Forum, 2018, č. 3, s. 369-377.
 P.Laux, P. Nguyen, J. Cullmann,and H. Kunstmann, Harald. Impacts of Land-Use/Land-Cover Change and Climate Change on the Regional Climate in the Central Vietnam. from book Hydrological Drought Risk Assessment in an Anthropogenically Impacted Tropical Catchment, Central Vietnam, 10.1007/978-981-10-2624-9_9. DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-2624-9_9 ,2017.
 E.Koomen, H. Moel,E.G. Steingröver, S.A.M. van Rooij, and M. van Eupen, !Land use and climate change.” 10.13140/2.1.5126.8483.2012 Technical Report (PDF Available) • January 2012 DOI: 10.13140/2.1.5126.8483 pp.13-16
 K. De Ridder, D. Lauwaet, and B. Maiheu.”UrbClim - a fast urban boundary layer climate model”Urban Climate, 12 (2015), pp. 21-48, 10.1016/j.uclim.2015.01.001
 R. Rodrıguez, X. Navarro, M. Carmen Casas, J. Ribalaygua, B. Russo, L. Pouget, A. Redano.” Influence of climate change on IDF curves for themetropolitan area of Barcelona (Spain),” international Journal of Climatology, Int. J. Climatol. (2013),Published online in Wiley Online Library,(wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI: 10.1002/joc.3712
 M. Garcia-Diez, D. Lauwaet, H. Hooyberghs, J. Ballester,K.De Ridder, and X, Xavier, “ Advantages of using a fast urban boundary layer model as compared to a full mesoscale model to simulate the urban heat island of Barcelona” Geoscientific Model Development. 9. 4439-4450. 10.5194/gmd-9-4439-2016. doi:10.5194/gmd-2016-10, 2016
 R.Sharma, H.Hooyberghs, D. Lauwaet, K.De Ridder,” Urban Heat Island and Future Climate Change—Implications for Delhi’s Heat” Journal of Urban Health https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-018-0322-y, pp. 1-17, 2018.
 G. S. Martinez, J. Diaz, H. Hooyberghs, D. Lauwa, K. De Ridder, C. Linares, R. Carmona, C. Ortiz, V. Kendrovski, R. Aerts, A. Van Nieuwenhuyse, M. Bekker-Nielsen Dunbar, “Heat and health in Antwerp under climate change: Projected impacts and implications for prevention,”Environment International,Volume 111, Pages 135-143,ISSN 0160-4120, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.11.012., 2018