Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30850
Simulation-Based Optimization of a Non-Uniform Piezoelectric Energy Harvester with Stack Boundary
Abstract:This research presents an analytical model for the development of an energy harvester with piezoelectric rings stacked at the boundary of the structure based on the Adomian decomposition method. The model is applied to geometrically non-uniform beams to derive the steady-state dynamic response of the structure subjected to base motion excitation and efficiently harvest the subsequent vibrational energy. The in-plane polarization of the piezoelectric rings is employed to enhance the electrical power output. A parametric study for the proposed energy harvester with various design parameters is done to prepare the dataset required for optimization. Finally, simulation-based optimization technique helps to find the optimum structural design with maximum efficiency. To solve the optimization problem, an artificial neural network is first trained to replace the simulation model, and then, a genetic algorithm is employed to find the optimized design variables. Higher geometrical non-uniformity and length of the beam lowers the structure natural frequency and generates a larger power output.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3300616Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 319
 S. R. Anton and H. A. Sodano, “A review of power harvesting using piezoelectric materials” Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 16, pp. 1-21, 2007.
 S. Roundy, P. K. Wright, and J. Rabaey, “A study of low level vibrations as a power source for wireless sensor nodes” Computer and Communications, vol. 26, p. 1131–1144, 2003.
 T. Sterken, K. Baert, C. Van Hoof, R. Puers, G. Borghs, and P. Fiorini, “Comparative modelling for vibration scavengers” IEEE Sensors, Vienna, 2004.
 G. Poulin, E. Sarraute, and F. Costa, “Generation of electrical energy for portable devices: comparative study of an electromagnetic and a piezoelectric system” Sensors Actuators A, vol. 116, p. 461–471, 2004.
 P. Niu, P. Chapman, R. Riemer, and X. Zhang, “Evaluation of motions and actuation methods for biomechanical energy harvesting” IEEE 35th Annual Power Electronics, Aachen, 2004.
 N. G. Elvin, A. A. Elvin, and M. Spector, “A self-powered mechanical strain energy sensor” Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 10, pp. 293-299, 2001.
 N. V. Viet, N. Wu, and Q. Wang, “A review on energy harvesting from ocean waves by piezoelectric technology” Journal of Modeling in Mechanics and Materials, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 2328-2355, 2017.
 S. Priya and D. J. Inman, Energy harvesting technologies. Springer, 2009, vol. 21.
 H. Li, C. Tian, and D. Z. Deng, “Energy harvesting from low frequency applications using piezoelectric materials” Applied Physics Reviews, vol. 1, p. 041301, 2014.
 H. A. Sodano, D. J. Inman, and G. Park, “A review of power harvesting from vibration using piezoelectric materials” The Shock and Vibration Digest, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 197-205, 2004.
 D. Zhu, M. J. Tudor, and S. P. Beeby, “Strategies for increasing the operation frequency range of vibration energy harvesters: a review” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 21, pp. 022001-29, 2010.
 R. V. Rao and V. J. Savsani, Mechanical design optimization using advanced optimization techniques, London: Springer-Verlag, 2012.
 M. C. Fu, “Optimization via simulation: A review” Annals of operations research, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 199–247, 1994.
 S. Bagheri, N. Wu, and S. Filizadeh, “Simulation-based optimization of a piezoelectric energy harvester using artificial neural networks and genetic algorithm” submitted for publication.
 A. Keshmiri, X. Deng, and N. Wu, “New energy harvester with embedded piezoelectric stacks” Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 163, pp. 303-313, 2019.
 P. Ceramic, “PI Piezo Technology” PI Ceramic GmbH, 2018. (Online). Available: https://www.piceramic.com/.
 A. Keshmiri, N. Wu, and Q. Wang, “A new nonlinearly tapered FGM piezoelectric energy harvester” Engineering Structures, vol. 173, pp. 52-60, 2018.
 W. Flügge, Stresses in Shells, Berlin: Springer, 1973.
 A. Keshmiri, N. Wu, and Q. Wang, “Vibration analysis of a nonlinearly tapered cone beam using Adomian decomposition method” International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, vol. 18, no. 07, p. 1850101, 2018.
 A. Keshmiri, N. Wu, and Q. Wang, “Vibration analysis of non-uniform tapered beams with nonlinear FGM properties” Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, vol. 32, no. 11, p. 5325–5337, 2018.
 A. Erturk and D. J. Inman, “A distributed parameter electromechanical model for cantlievered piezoelectric energy harvesters” Journal of Vibration and Acoustics, vol. 130, pp. 1-14, 2008.
 Y. Carson and A. Maria, “Simulation optimization: methods and applications” in Proceedings of the 29th conference on Winter simulation, IEEE Computer Society, 1997.
 A. T. Nguyen, S. Reiter, and P. Rigo, “A review on simulation-based optimization methods applied to building performance analysis” Applied Energy, vol. 113, p. 1043–1058, 2014.
 A. Keshmiri, “Modeling and application of non-uniform engineering structures coupled with FGM and piezoelectric materials in stability enhancement and energy harvesting” University of Manitoba, PhD Dissertation, submitted for publication.