A Conceptual Analysis of Teams’ Climate Role in the Intrapreneurial Process
The present paper discusses the role of teams’ climate in the intrapreneurial process. Intrapreneurship, which corresponds for entrepreneurship in existing organizations, puts special emphasis on climate as an influential factor of the intrapreneurial behavior. Although climate exists at every level and in every subgroup of the organizational structure, research focuses mainly on the study of climate that characterizes organization as a whole. However, the climate of a work team may differ radically from the organizational climate, and in fact it can be far more influential. The paper provides a conceptual analysis of organizational climate from the intrapreneurial point of view, and sheds light upon teams’ climate role in the intrapreneurial posture.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3300376Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 124
 J. P. Campbell, M. D. Dunnette, E. E. Lawler and K. E. Weick, Managerial behavior, performance, and effectiveness, New York: McGraw Hill, 1970.
 W. F. Joyce and D. Slocum, “Collective climate: Agreement as a basis for defining aggregate climates in organizations”, Academy of Management Journal, vol. 27, pp. 721-742, 1984.
 J. Rentsch, “Climate and culture: interaction and qualitative differences in organizational meanings”, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 75, pp. 668-681, 1990
 D. M. Rousseau, “The construction of climate in organization research”. In International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 3, Cooper, C. L. and Robertson, I. T. (Eds). Wiley, Chichester, 1988, pp. 139-159.
 B. Schneider and A.E. Reichers, “On the etiology of climates”, Personnel Psychology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 19–39, 1983.
 I. N Katsikis and L. P. Kyrgidou, Entrepreneurship in teleology: the variety of the forms, International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 209-231, 2009.
 B. Antoncic and R. D. Hisrich, “Clarifying the intrapreneurship concept”, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 7-24, 2003.
 R. D. Ireland, J. G. Covin and D. F. Kuratko, “Conceptualizing corporate entrepreneurship strategy”, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 19-46, 2009.
 D. F. Kuratko, J. S. Hornsby and M. G. Goldsby, “Sustaining corporate entrepreneurship”, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, pp.77-89, 2004.
 C.S. Nicolaidis, and G.C. Kosta, “Intrapreneurship as a Unique Competitive Advantage”, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering, vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 1468-1472, 2011.
 B. McKenzie, S. D. Ugbah and N. Smothers, “Who is an entrepreneur? Is it still the wrong question?”, Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 23-43, 2007.
 W.J. Baumol, “Entrepreneurship in Economic Theory”, American Economic Review, vol. 58 (papers & proceedings), pp. 64-71, 1968.
 J. G. Covin and D. P. Slevin, “A conceptual model of entrepreneurship as firm behavior”, Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 7-25, 1991a.
 J. G. Covin and D. P. Slevin, “Entrepreneurial versus conservative firms: A comparison of strategies and performance”, Journal of Management Studies, vol. 28, pp. 439–462, 1991b.
 D. Hussey, The Innovative Challenge, Wiley, New York, 1997.
 D. Miller, “The correlates of entrepreneurship in three types of firms”, Management Science, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 770-791, 1983.
 H. H. Stevenson and P. M. Jarillo, “A paradigm of entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial management”, Strategic Management Journal, vol. 11(Special Issue), pp. 17-27, 1990.
 R. A. Burgelman, “Intraorganizational ecology of strategy making and organizational adaptation: Theory and field research”, Organization Science, vol. 2, pp. 239–262, 1991.
 N. Marcae, “The coming of the entrepreneurial revolution: A survey”, The Economist, 25 December, p.42, 1976.
 B. Antoncic, and R. D. Hisrich, “Intrapreneurship: construct refinement and cross-cultural validation”, Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 16, pp. 495-527, 2001.
 G. Pinchot and E. Pinchot, Intra-corporate entrepreneurship, Tarrytown School for Entrepreneurs, 1978.
 H. Koontz, and H. Weihrich, Essentials of management. An international perspective, New Delhi, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing, 2008.
 D. Tassiopoulos, New tourism ventures: an entrepreneurial and managerial approach, Juta &Co Ltd, Cape Town, South Africa, 2008.
 K.H. Vesper, New Venture Strategies (Rev. Ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1990.
 S. Zahra, “Predictors and financial outcomes of corporate entrepreneurship: An exploratory study”, Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 6, pp. 259-285, 1991.
 G.T. Lumpkin and G.G. Dess, “Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance”, Academy of Management Review, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 135–172, 1996.
 B. Antoncic and O. Zorn, “The mediating role of corporate entrepreneurship in the organizational support-performance relationship: An empirical examination”, Managing Global Transitions, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 5-14, 2004.
 G.A. Knight, “Cross-cultural reliability and validity of a scale to measure firm entrepreneurial orientation”, Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 213-225, 1997.
 S. A. Zahra, “Environment, corporate entrepreneurship, and financial performance: A taxonomic approach”, Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 319–340, 1993.
 D.F. Muzyka, A.J. de Koning, and N.C. Churchill, “Entrepreneurial transformation: A descriptive theory”, in Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, W.D. Bygrave et al. (Eds). Babson Park, MA: Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, 1995.
 J.G. Covin and D.P. Slevin, “The development and testing of an organizational-level entrepreneurship scale”, in Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, R. Ronstadt et al., (Eds). Wellesley, MA: Babson College, 1986.
 J.G. Covin and D.P. Slevin, “Strategic management of small firms in hostile and benign environments”, Strategic Management Journal, vol. 10, pp. 75–87, 1989.
 W. Guth and A. Ginsburg, Guest editorial introduction: “Corporate entrepreneurship”, Strategic Management Journal, vol. 11, pp. 5-15, 1990.
 E.G. Rule and D.W. Irwin, “Fostering intrapreneurship: the new competitive edge”, The Journal of Business Strategy, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 44-7, 1988.
 D. F. Kuratko, J. S. Hornsby, D. W. Naffziger and R. V. Montagno, “Implement entrepreneurial thinking in established organizations”, SAM Advanced Management Journal, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 28-35, 1993.
 R. V. Hisrich and M. P. Peters, “Establishing a new business venture unit within a firm”, Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 1, pp. 307 –322, Fall 1986.
 V. Sathe, “Managing an entrepreneurial dilemma: Nurturing entrepreneurship and control in large corporations”, in Frontiers of entrepreneurship research, B. A. Kirchhoff, W. A. Long, W. E. McMullan, K. H. Vesper, W. E. Wetzel, Jr. (Eds). Wellesley, MA: Babson College, 1985, pp. 636-656.
 B. Schneider, “The climate for service: an application of the climate construct”, In Organizational climate and culture, B. Schneider (Ed.), San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 1990, pp. 383–412,
 K. Lewin, R. Lippit, and R.K. White, “Patterns of Aggressive behaviour in experimentally created ‘Social Climate’ ”, Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 10, pp. 271-290, 1939.
 C. Argyris, “Some problems in conceptualizing organizational climate: A case study of a bank”, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 2, pp. 501-520, 1958.
 B. E. Ashforth, “Climate formation: Issues and extensions”, Academy of Management Review, vol. 4, pp. 837-847, 1985.
 L. R. James and A. P. Jones, “Organizational climate: A review of theory and research”, Psychological Bulletin, vol. 81, pp. 1096-1112, 1974.
 L. R., James and S.B. Sells, “Psychological climate: theoretical perspectives and empirical research”, in Toward a psychology of situations: An interactional perspective, D. Magnusson (Ed). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1981, pp. 275–292
 L. A. James and L. R. James, “Integrating work environment perceptions: Explorations in the measurement of meaning”, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 74, pp. 739-751, 1989.
 D. J. Koys and DeCottis, “Inductive measures of psychological climate”, Human Relations, vol. 44, pp.265-285, 1991.
 R. L.Payne, S. Fineman and T. D. Wall, “Organizational climate and job satisfaction: A conceptual synthesis”, Organizational Behaviour and Human Performance, vol. 16, pp. 45-62, 1976.
 A. E. Reichers and B. Schneider, “Climate and culture: An evolution of constructs”, in Organizational Climate and Culture, Schneider, B. (Ed). Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, 1990.
 W. H. Glick, “Conceptualizing and measuring organizational and psychological climate: pitfalls in multilevel research”, Academy of Management Review, vol. 10, pp. 601–616, 1985.
 D. R. Denison, “What is the difference between organizational culture and organizational climate? A native's point of view on a decade of paradigm wars”, Academy of management review, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 619-654, 1996.
 L. R. James and M. D. McIntyre, “Perceptions of organizational climate”, in Individual differences and behavior in organizations, K. R. Murphy (Ed). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 1996, pp. 416–450.
 R. L. Payne and R. Mansfield, “Relationships of perceptions of organizational climate to organizational structure, context, and hierarchical position”, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 18, pp. 515-526, 1973.
 B. Schneider, J. J. Parkington, and V. M. Buxton, “Employee and customer perceptions of service in banks”, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 25, pp. 252-267, 1980.
 B. M. Bass, E. R. Valenzi, D. L. Farrow and R. J. Solomon, “Management styles associated with organizational, task, personal, and interpersonal contingencies”, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 60, pp. 720-729, 1975.
 H. K. Downey, D. Hellriegel and J. W. Jr Slocum, “Congruence between individual needs, organizational climate job satisfaction, and performance”, Academy of Management Journal, vol. 18, pp. 149-155, 1975.
 E. E. III, Lawler, D. T. Hall and G. R. Oldham, “Organizational climate: Relationship to organizational structure, process, and performance”, Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, vol. 11, pp.139-155, 1974.
 E. Wallach, “Individuals and organizations: The cultural match”, Training and Development Journal, vol. 37, pp.29-36, 1983.
 G. H. Litwin and R. A. Stringer, Motivation and organization climate. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1968.
 C. Margerison, How to assess your managerial style, West Yorkshire, UK: MCB, 1979.
 B. Schneider, “Organizational climate: Individual preferences and organizational realities revisited”, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 60, pp. 459-465, 1975.
 B. Schneider, “The psychological life of organizations”, in Handbook of organizational culture and climate (pp. xvii–xxi), N. M. Ashkanasy, C. P. M. Wilderon and M. F. Peterson (Eds). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2000.
 B. Schneider, S. S.White and M. C. Paul, “Linking service climate and customer perceptions of service quality: Tests of a causal model”, Journal of applied Psychology, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 150-163, 1998.
 G. J. Salancik and J. Pfeffer, “A social information processing approach to job attitudes and task design”, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 23, pp. 224–253, 1978.
 D. Zohar, “Modifying supervisory practices to improve subunits safety: a leadership-based intervention model”, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 159–63, 2002.
 G. Bock, R. W. Zmud, Y. Kim and J. Lee, “Behavioral intention formation in knowledge sharing: Examining the role of extrinsic motivators, social-psychological forces, and organizational climate”, MIS Quarterly, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 87–111, 2005.
 L. Maruping, M. Magni, L. Caporarello and S. Basaglia, “What’s the weather like? The effect of team climate and individual attributes on individual intention to explore a new technology”, in American conference on information systems (AMCIS) Toronto, Canada, 2008.
 H. Liao and A. Chuang, “A multilevel investigation of factors influencing employee service performance and customer outcomes”, Academy of Management Journal, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 41–58, 2004.
 D. M. Hosking and N. R. Anderson, Organizational Change and Innovation: Psychological Perspectives and Practices in Europe, Routledge, London, 1992.
 M. A. West, Effective Teamwork, British Psychological Society, Leicester, 1995.
 N. R. Anderson and M. A. West, “Measuring climate for work group innovation: development and validation of the team climate inventory”, Journal of organizational behavior, pp. 235-258, 1998.
 M. A. West, “The social psychology of innovation in groups”, in Innovation and creativity at work: Psychological and organizational strategies, M. A. West and J. L. Farr (Eds). Chichester: Wiley, 1990, pp. 81–100.
 M. A. West and N. R. Anderson, “Innovation in top management teams”, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 81, pp. 680–693, 1996.
 R. Reich, “Entrepreneurship reconsidered: The team as hero”, Harvard Business Review, vol. 63, pp. 77-83, 1987.
 R. Burgelman, “Designs for corporate entrepreneurship in established firms”, California Management Review, vol. 26, 1984.
 S. Paunovic and I. C. Dima, “Organizational culture and corporate entrepreneurship”, Annals of the University of Petrosani Economics, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 269-276, 2014.
 T. M. Amabile, “A model of creativity and innovation in organizations”, in Research in Organizational Behavior, vol. 10, B. Staw and L.L. Cummings (Eds). JAI Press, Greenwich, CT, 1988, pp. 123-167.
 N. Anderson, C. De Dreu and B. Nijstad, “The routinization of innovation research: a constructively critical review of the state-of-the-science”, Journal of Organizational Behavior, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 147-173, 2004.
 N. Anderson and N. King, “Innovation in organizations”, in International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, vol. 8, C.L. Cooper, and I.T. Robertson, (Eds). Wiley, Chichester, 1993, pp. 1-34.
 N. King, “Innovation at work: the research literature”, in Innovation and Creativity at Work: Psychological and Organizational Strategies, M.A. West and J.L. Farr, (Eds), Wiley, Chichester, 1990, pp. 3-13.
 N. King and N. Anderson, Managing Innovation and Change: A Critical Guide for Organizations, Thomson, London, 2002.
 A. Van de Ven, H. L. Angle and M. Poole, Research on the Management of Innovation: The Minnesota Studies, Harper & Row, New York, NY, 1989.
 M.A. West, “The human team: basic motivations and innovations”, in Handbook of Industrial, Work and Organizational Psychology, vol. 2, N. Anderson, D.S. Ones, H.K. Sinangil and C. Viswesvaran, (Eds). Sage, New York, NY, 2001, pp. 270-288.
 M.A. West, “Sparkling fountains or stagnant ponds? An integrative model of creativity and innovation implementation within groups”, Applied Psychology: An International Review, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 355-386, 2002.
 M.A. West and J.L. Farr, “Innovation at work: psychological perspectives”, Social Behaviour, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 15-30, 1989.
 D. Zohar, “Safety climate in industrial organizations: theoretical and applied implications”, Journal of applied psychology, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 96-102, 1980.
 J. B.Cullen, B.Victor and J. W. Bronson, “The ethical climate questionnaire: An assessment of its development and validity”, Psychological reports, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 667-674, 1993.
 E. W. Morrison and F. J. Milliken, “Speaking up, remaining silent: The dynamics of voice and silence in organizations”, Journal of Management Studies, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 1353-1358, 2003.
 N. M. Ashkanasy and G.J. Nicholson, “Climate of fear in organisational settings: Construct definition, measurement and a test of theory”, Australian Journal of Psychology, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 24-29, 2003.
 S. Basaglia, L. Caporarello, M. Magni and F. Pennarola, “IT knowledge integration capability and team performance: The role of team climate”, International Journal of Information Management, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 542-551, 2010.
 A. C. Edmondson, “Psychological safety and learning behavior in work teams”, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 350–383, 1999.
 R.D. Russell, “Developing a process model of intrapreneurial systems: A cognitive mapping approach”, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 65–84, 1999.
 R. M. Hill and J. D. Hlavacek, “The venture team: A new concept in marketing organization”, Journal of Marketing, vol. 36(July), pp. 44–50, 1972.
 R.A. Burgelman, “Corporate entrepreneurship and strategic management: insights from a process study”, Management Science, vol. 29, no. 12, pp. 1349-64, 1983.