Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30127
Water Management Scheme: Panacea to Development Using Nigeria’s University of Ibadan Water Supply Scheme as a Case Study

Authors: Sunday Olufemi Adesogan

Abstract:

The supply of potable water at least is a very important index in national development. Water tariffs depend on the treatment cost which carries the highest percentage of the total operation cost in any water supply scheme. In order to keep water tariffs as low as possible, treatment costs have to be minimized. The University of Ibadan, Nigeria, water supply scheme consists of a treatment plant with three distribution stations (Amina way, Kurumi and Lander) and two raw water supply sources (Awba dam and Eleyele dam). An operational study of the scheme was carried out to ascertain the efficiency of the supply of potable water on the campus to justify the need for water supply schemes in tertiary institutions. The study involved regular collection, processing and analysis of periodic operational data. Data collected include supply reading (water production on daily basis) and consumers metered reading for a period of 22 months (October 2013 - July 2015), and also collected, were the operating hours of both plants and human beings. Applying the required mathematical equations, total loss was determined for the distribution system, which was translated into monetary terms. Adequacies of the operational functions were also determined. The study revealed that water supply scheme is justified in tertiary institutions. It was also found that approximately 10.7 million Nigerian naira (N) is lost to leakages during the 22-month study period; the system’s storage capacity is no longer adequate, especially for peak water production. The capacity of the system as a whole is insufficient for the present university population and that the existing water supply system is not being operated in an optimal manner especially due to personnel, power and system ageing constraints.

Keywords: Operational, efficiency, production, supply, water treatment plant, water loss.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3299449

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 122

References:


[1] Isuza, C. S (2006): Operational Studies on U.I.’S Water Supply System Using WaterCAD. An Unpublished M.Sc. Project in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ibadan.
[2] Inigo, M; Biscarri, F; Leon, C; Guerrero, J.L; Biscarri, J and Rocio, M (2011): Detection of Frauds And other Non-Technical Losses in Utility Unpublished Thesis at Electronic Technology Department, University of sevilla, spain.
[3] Tejinder, S (2009) Analysis of NTL and its Economic Consequences in Power System Unpublished Thesis at Electrical and Instrumentation Department, Thapar University Patiala (PUNJAB).
[4] Amuda, M.C (2012) Analysis of Technical Losses in Water Supply System Unpublished Thesis at Civil Engineering Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure.
[5] WHO/UNESCO (2010). Progress on Sanitation and Drinking-water: 2010 Update. Geneva: WHO press. JMP 2010 Update assessed March 6, 2017.
[6] Anonymous (2013): Water as social and Economic good http://www.gwp.org/en/ToolBox?ABOUT?IWRM-plans/IWRM-Principles/Water-is-finite-and vulnerable-resource accessed on 27th, January 2015.
[7] Obradovic, Dusan and Lonsdale, Peter (1998) Public Water Supply: Data, Models and Operational Management E& FN Spon London.
[8] Millard, R; and Emmerson, M (2009) ‘Non-Technical Losses-How do other countries tackle the Problem. Proceedings of 22nd Technical Convention.
[9] World Bank Group (2009) ‘Reducing Technical and Non-Technical losses in Water Supply Sector’.
[10] Al-Mahroqi, Y; Metwally, I.A; Al-Ainai and Al- Badi (2012) ‘Reduction of Power loss in Distribution system’ World Academy of science and Technology Vol. 63 pp. 565-591.
[11] Navani, J. P; Sharma, N. K; and Sonai, Sapra (2011) Technical and Non-Technical losses in System And its economic Consequence in Indian Economy. International Journal of Science Engineering Vol. 1 pp. 757-761.
[12] Sopeoloun, N; Temeedu, S; Yusuf, M. A and Alabi, S (2012) ‘Decreasing Network Loss in Water Supply. Journal of Technical and Economical Loss Analysis Vol. 4 pp 813- 818.
[13] Omoreige, E and Ogidiolu, E. A (2012): Nigeria Water Solution retrieved on May 2, 2013.
[14] Anuoluwa, M. C (2013) Reducing Water Loss in Nigeria Retrieved on January, 2, 2015.
[15] Field Survey 2015.
[16] Anonymous (2017) https://tradingeconomics.com/nigeria/gdp-per-capita assessed 6/6/2017.