The Quality of Fishery Product on the Moldovan Market, Regulations, National Institutions, Controls and Non-Compliant Products
This paper presents the aspects of the official control of fishery in the Republic of Moldova. Currently, the regulations and the activity of national institutions with responsibilities in the field of food quality are in a process of harmonization with the European rules, aiming at European integration, quality improvement and providing a higher level of food safety. The National Agency for Food Safety is the main national body with responsibilities in the field of food safety. In the field of fishery products, the Agency carries out an intensive activity of informing the citizen and controlling the products marketed. The paper presents the dangers related to the consumption of fish and fishery products traded on the national market, the sanitary-veterinary inspections conducted by the profile institution and the improper situations identified. The national market of fishery products depends largely on imports, mainly focused on ocean fish. The research carried out has shown that during the period 2011-2018, following the inspections carried out on fishery products traded on the national market, a number of inconsistencies have been identified. Thus, indigenous products were frequently detected with sensory characteristics unfit for consumption, and being commercialized in inappropriate locations or contaminated with chemical pollutants. On import products controlled, the most frequent inconsistent situations have been represented by inconsistent sensory aspects and by parasite contamination. Taking into account the specific aspects of aquatic products, including the high level of alterability, special conditions of growth, marketing, culinary preparation and consumption are necessary in order to decrease the risk of disease over the population. Certificates, attestations and other documents certifying the quality of batches, completed by additional laboratory examinations, are necessary in order to increase the level of confidence on the quality of products marketed in the Republic. The implementation of various control procedures and mechanisms at national level, correlated with the focused activity of the specialized institutions, can decrease the risk of contamination and avoid cases of disease on the population due to the consumption of fishery products.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2702642Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 325
 Law no. 10, On Public Health Surveillance, (Lege Nr. 10, Privind supravegherea de stat a sănătății publice), 2009, http://lex.justice.md/ index.php?action=view&view=doc&lang=1&id=331169., accessed on 05.01.2019
 Law No.50, on official controls to verify compliance with feed and food law and animal health and animal welfare rules (Lege Nr.50, Cu privire la controalele oficiale pentru verificarea conformităţii cu legislaţia privind hrana pentru animale şi produsele alimentare şi cu normele de sănătate şi de bunăstare a animalelor), 2013, http://lex.justice.md/ index.php?action=view&view=doc&lang= 1&id=348113, accessed on 08.01.2019
 M. A. Rusali, Food industry performance in Romania and the European Union in Agro-Food Economy and Rural Development in a Regional Perspective. (Performanta industriei alimentare in Romania si Uniunea Europeana, in Economia Agroalimentară și Dezvoltare Rurală într-o Perspectivă Regională), 2018, pp. 341-361.
 M. Munteanu Pila, S.Stanciu, Research on the presence of fishery products in the Moldovan diet’, Proceedings of The XIXI International Conference Risk in Contemporary Economy RCE,, ISSN 2344 – 5386, pp.163-170, 2018, pp. 343-349, DOI: https://doi.org/10.26397/RCE2067053241http://www.rce.feaa.ugal.ro/images/stories/RCE2018/Munteanu_Stanciu.pdf. accessed on 09.01.2019
 L.M. Micu, D.I. Petanec, Food quality and safety in the context of regulations imposed by the European Union (Calitatea și siguranța alimentelor în contextul reglementărilor impuse de Uniunea Europeană), 2008, accessed in 15.01.2019, http://www.agir.ro/buletine/326.pdf
 M. Nica, Food waste in the European Union (Risipa alimentară în Uniunea Europeană), 2008, http://www.aeepapers.ase.ro/wp-content/ uploads/2017/07/Risipa-alimentar%C4%83-%C3%AEn-Uniunea-European%C4%83.pdf. , accessed on 13.01.2019
 M. Munteanu Pila, S. Stanciu, Structural and functional aspects of the natural aquatic ecosystems in the Republic of Moldova, Proceedings of the 32st IBIMA Conference: Innovation Management and Education Excellence through Vision 2020, Ed. Soliman, K.S., Vol I, 2018 pp. 5658-5668.
 M. Munteanu Pila, S. Stanciu, Institutions, Regulations, Controls and Results in the Fisheries Sector of the Republic of Moldova, Proceedings of the 31st IBIMA Conference: Innovation Management and Education Excellence through Vision 2020, Ed. Soliman, K.S., Vol I, 2018 pp. 5658-5668.
 M. Cravcesco, “National Control Plan 2018-2022, National Agency for Food Safety (Planul national de control 2018-2022, Agenția Națională pentru Siguranța Alimentelor), 2018, http://www.ansa.gov.md/uploads/ files/Ordinele%20ANSA/2018/MANCP%202018-2022%20.pdf, accessed on 12.01.2019.
 Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry, Rules on sanitary veterinary conditions for the production and marketing of fishery products, (Ministerul Agriculturii și Industriei Alimentare, Norme privind condiţiile sanitare veterinare pentru producerea şi comercializarea produselor din pescuit), 2004, http://lex.justice.md/index.php?action=view&view=doc&lang=1&id=313606. accessed on 10.01.2019
 I. Perju, V. Chivrigă, A. Fala, The impact of future free trade agreement between Moldova and the European Union on the agrifood sector in Moldova (Impactul viitorului acord de liber schimb între Republica Moldova și Uniunea Europeană asupra sectorului agroalimentar din Republica Moldova), 2010, https://www.soros.md/files/publications/ documents/IMPACTUL%20VIITOR.%20ACORD%20DE%20LIBER%20SCHIMB%20INTRE%20RM%20SI%20UE%20ASUPRA%20 SECT%20AGROALIM.pdf., accessed on 11.01.2019
 G.Walle, S. Gomes da Silva, U. Budzich-Szukala, D.Aviat, B. Bordeau, A. Cloarec, Adding value to local fisheries and aquaculture products, (Adăugarea de valoare produselor locale de pescuit şi acvacultură), 2011, https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/cms/farnet/files/documents/FARNET_Adding-value_Guide-3_RO.pdfW. D. Doyle, “Magnetization reversal in films with biaxial anisotropy,” in 1987 Proc. INTERMAG Conf., pp. 2.2-1–2.2-6, accessed on 11.01.2019
 Law no. 113 on the establishment of the principles and general requirements of food safety legislation (Lege Nr. 113, cu privire la stabilirea principiilor şi a cerinţelor generale ale legislaţiei privind siguranţa alimentelor), 2012, http://lex.justice.md/index.php?action= view&view=doc&lang=1&id=344007, accessed on 13.01.2019
 National Agency for Food Safety (Agenția Națională pentru Siguranța Alimentelor), http://www.ansa.gov.md, accessed on 15.01.2019.
 Government Decision No 435 on the approval of specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin, (Hotărâre de Guvern nr.435, privind aprobarea Regulilor specifice de igienă, a produselor alimentare de origine animală), 2010, http://lex.justice.md/index.php?action =view&view=doc&lang= 1&id=334753, accessed on 15.01.2019
 Guvernment Decision No 103 approving the Sanitary-Veterinary Norm concerning the requirements for the import and placing on the market of aquaculture products, (Hotărâre de Guvern nr 103, pentru aprobarea Normei sanitar-veterinare privind cerinţele la importul şi plasarea pe piaţă a unor produse de acvacultură), 2011, http://lex.justice.md/ index.php?action=view&view=doc&lang=1&id=337681, accessed on 20.01.2019