Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32718
A Relative Analysis of Carbon and Dust Uptake by Important Tree Species in Tehran, Iran

Authors: Sahar Elkaee Behjati


Air pollution, particularly with dust, is one of the biggest issues Tehran is dealing with, and the city's green space which consists of trees has a critical role in absorption of it. The question this study aimed to investigate was which tree species the highest uptake capacity of the dust and carbon have suspended in the air. On this basis, 30 samples of trees from two different districts in Tehran were collected, and after washing and centrifuging, the samples were oven dried. The results of the study revealed that Ulmus minor had the highest amount of deposited dust in both districts. In addition, it was found that in Chamran district Ailanthus altissima and in Gandi district Ulmus minor has had the highest absorption of deposited carbon. Therefore, it could be argued that decision making on the selection of species for urban green spaces should take the above-mentioned parameters into account.

Keywords: Dust, leaves, uptake total carbon, tehran, tree species.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 648


[1] A. Bidokhti, Z. Shariepour. Upperairmeteorological conditions of acute air pollution episodes (case study: Tehran). J. Environ. Stud .2010, 35(52), 1.
[2] D. Massabo. An optical set-up for the multi-wavelength characterization of carbonaceous particulate matter. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Genoa. Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences.2013, pp.118.
[3] H. Shahbazi, M. Reyhanian, V. Hosseini, H. Afshin. The Relative Contributions of Mobile Sources to Air Pollutant Emissions in Tehran, Iran: An Emission Inventory Approach. Emiss. Control Sci. Technol. 2016, 2:44–56.
[4] J. R. Wolcha, J. Byrne, J. P. Newell.Urban green space, public health, and environmental justice: The challenge of making cities ‘just green enough. Landscape and Urban Planning. 2014, 125: 234–244.
[5] J. Yang, J. Mcbride, J. X. Zhou, and Z.Y. Sun. The urban forest in Beijing and its role in air pollution reduction. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening. 2005, 3: 65-78.
[6] K. Manouchehri, A. Shirvany, P. Atarod, Y. Khodakarami. Comparison of dust sitting on the leaf surface Species Fraxinusrotundifolia, Platanusorientalis and Robiniapseudoacacia in Kermanshah Province. Journal of Forest Iran.2015, 1:1-10.
[7] K. Naddafi, M. S. Hasanvand, M. Yunesian, F. Momeniha, R. Nabizadeh, S. Faridi, A. Gholampour. Health impact assessment of air pollution in the megacity of Tehran, Iran. Iran. J. Environ. Health Sci. Eng. 2012, 9(1), 1–7.
[8] K, Ashrafi. Determining of spatial distribution patterns and temporal trends of an air pollutant using proper orthogonal decomposition basis functions. Atmos. Environ. 2012, 47, 468–476.
[9] M. Sharma, S. Maloo. Assessment of ambient air PM10 and PM2.5 and characterization of PM10 in the city of Kanpur, India. Atoms Environ.2005, 39(33):6015–6026.
[10] M. Sohrabinia, A. M. Khorshiddoust.Application of satellite data and GIS in studying air pollutants in Tehran. Habitat. Int. 2007, 31(2), 268–275.
[11] M. E. Konen, P. M. Jacobs, C. L. Burras, B. J. Talaga, J. A. Mason. Equations for Predicting Soil Organic Carbon Using Loss-on-Ignition for North Central U.S. Soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal.2002, 66:1878–1881.
[12] K. P. Beckett, P. H. Freer-Smithand G. Taylor. The capture of particulate pollution by trees at five contrasting urban sites, Arboricultural Journal. The International Journal of Urban Forestry. 2000, 24: 1-21.
[13] N. J. Middleton, A. S. Goudie. Saharan dust: Sources and trajectories. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. 2001, 26 (2): 165.
[14] S. Hassanzadeh, F. Hosseinibalam, R. Alizadeh, Statistical models and time series forecasting of sulfur dioxide: a case study Tehran. Environ. Monit. Assess. 2009, 155(1–4), 149–155.
[15] T. Kok, H. A. Driece, J. G. Hogervorst, J. J. Briede. Toxicological assessment of ambient and traffic-related particulate matter: A review of recent studies. Mutation Research.2006, 613 (2-3): 103-122.
[16] T. Litschke and W. Kuttler. On the reduction of urban particle concentration by vegetation – A review. Meteorologische Zeitschrift.2008, 17: 229-240.
[17] S. C. Van Der Zee, G. Hoek, H. Harssema, B. Brunekreef. Characterization of particulate air pollution in urban and nonurban areas in the Netherlands. Atoms Environ.1998, 32(21):3717–3729.
[18] World-Bank: Islamic Republic of Iran Cost Assessment of Environmental Degradation. 2005.
[19] WHO. Primary health care, now more than ever. World Health Organization, Geneva. 2008.
[20] Y. H. Cai. Study on dust-retention effect and photosynthetic characteristics of urban keynote tree. Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (in Chinese), Fuzhou, Fujian, China.2010.
[21] Y. C. Wang. Carbon sequestration and foliar dust retention by woody plants in the greenbelts along two major Taiwan highways. Ann Applied Biology. 2011, 159: 244-251.
[22] A. Sæbø, R. Popek, B. Nawrot, H. Hanslin, H. Gawronska, and S. Gawronski. 2012 Plant species differences in particulate matter accumulation on leaf surfaces. Science of the Total Environment, 427, 347-354.
[23] D. J. Nowak, S. Hirabayashi, M. Doyle, M. McGovern, and J. Pasher. 2018 Air pollution removal by urban forests in Canada and its effect on air quality and human health. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 29, 40-48.
[24] X. Sun, X., Li, H., Guo, X., Sun, Y. and Li, S. 2018 Capacity of six shrub species to retain atmospheric particulates with different diameters. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25 (3), 2643-2650.
[25] G. Sgrigna, A. Sæbø, S. Gawronski, R. Popek, and C. Calfapietra. 2015 Particulate Matter deposition on Quercus ilex leaves in an industrial city of central Italy. Environmental Pollution, 197, 187-194.
[26] E. Moreno, L. Sagnotti, J. Dinarès-Turell, A. Winkler. And A. Cascella. 2003.Biomonitoring of traffic air pollution in Rome using magnetic properties of tree leaves. Atmospheric Environment, 37 (21), 2967-2977.
[27] B. A. Maher, C. Moore, andj. Matzka. 2008 Spatial variation in vehicle-derived metal pollution identified by magnetic and elemental analysis of roadside tree leaves. Atmospheric Environment, 42 (2), 364-373.
[28] H. Wang, H. Shi, Y. Li, Y. Yu and J. Zhang. 2013. Seasonal variations in leaf capturing of particulate matter, surface wettability and micromorphology in urban tree species. Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering, 7 (4), 579-588.
[29] S. Abbasi, H. Ali Mohammadian, S. M. Hosseini, N. Khorasani, A.a.-R. Karbasiand A. aslani. 2017 The Concentration of Heavy Metals in Precipitated Particles on the Leaves of Street Side Trees in the Urban Environments (Tehran– Iran). Anthropogenic Pollution Journal- ISSN 2588-4646, 1 (1), 1-8.
[30] L. Xinwei, Y. L. Loretta, W. Lijun, L. Kai, H. Jing and Z. Yuxiang. 2009. Contamination assessment of mercury and arsenic in roadway dust from Baoji. China, 43 (15), 2489-2496.
[31] F. J. Kelly and J. C. Fusel. 2015 Air pollution and public health: emerging hazards and improved understanding of risk. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 37 (4), 631-649.
[32] M. M. El-Sergany, and M. F. El-Sharkawy. 2011 Heavy metal contamination of airborne dust in the environment of two main cities in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Journal of King Abdulaziz University, 22 (1), 135.