Metallurgical Analysis of Surface Defect in Telescopic Front Fork
Telescopic Front Fork (TFF) used in two wheelers, mainly motorcycle, is made from high strength steel, and is manufactured by high frequency induction welding process wherein hot rolled and pickled coils are used as input raw material for rolling of hollow tubes followed by heat treatment, surface treatment, cold drawing, tempering, etc. The final application demands superior quality TFF tubes w.r.t. surface finish and dimensional tolerances. This paper presents the investigation of two different types of failure of fork during operation. The investigation consists of visual inspection, chemical analysis, characterization of microstructure, and energy dispersive spectroscopy. In this paper, comprehensive investigations of two failed tube samples were investigated. In case of Sample #1, the result revealed that there was a pre-existing crack, known as hook crack, which leads to the cracking of the tube. Metallographic examination exhibited that during field operation the pre-existing hook crack was surfaced out leading to crack in the pipe. In case of Sample #2, presence of internal oxidation with decarburised grains inside the material indicates origin of the defect from slab stage.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2643607Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 272
 Quickel, G. T., Rollins, B. C., Beavers, J. A.: Analysis of seam weld related pipeline failures. Mater. Sci. Technol. 8, 514–523 (2008).
 Bhadeshia, H. K. D. H., Honeycombe, R. W. K.: Steel Microstructure and Properties, pp. 299–301. Butterworth-Heinemann Publications, Boston (2011).
 Koo, J. Y.: Welding Metallurgy of Structural Steels, p. 574. Metallurgical Society Inc, Warrendale (1987).
 Rick Meade: Report submitted on non-destructive evaluation of low-frequency electric resistance welded pipe utilizing ultrasonic in-line inspection technology, Tubesscope Pipeline Services, Houston (2006).
 ASM Hand-Book, vol. 11—Failure Analysis and Prevention, p. 191, 2005.
 Arthita Dey, Sharmistha Dhara,Tanmay Bhttacharyya,Sandip Bhattacharyya: Cracking of Telescopic Front Fork Tube During Field Operation, J Fail. Anal. and Preven. (2013) 13:292–297.
 Souvik Das, Shomick Roy, Soumilya Nayak, Tanmay Bhattacharyya, Sandip Bhattacharyya: Case study – Analysis of grayish stick type sliver in cold rolled Strips; Engineering Failure Analysis 44 (2014) 95–99.