Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30758
Evaluating Emission Reduction Due to a Proposed Light Rail Service: A Micro-Level Analysis
Abstract:Carbon dioxide (CO2) alongside other gas emissions in the atmosphere cause a greenhouse effect, resulting in an increase of the average temperature of the planet. Transportation vehicles are among the main contributors of CO2 emission. Stationary vehicles with initiated motors produce more emissions than mobile ones. Intersections with traffic lights that force the vehicles to become stationary for a period of time produce more CO2 pollution than other parts of the road. This paper focuses on analyzing the CO2 produced by the traffic flow at Anzac Parade Road - Barker Street intersection in Sydney, Australia, before and after the implementation of Light rail transport (LRT). The data are gathered during the construction phase of the LRT by collecting the number of vehicles on each path of the intersection for 15 minutes during the evening rush hour of 1 week (6-7 pm, July 04-31, 2018) and then multiplied by 4 to calculate the flow of vehicles in 1 hour. For analyzing the data, the microscopic simulation software “VISSIM” has been used. Through the analysis, the traffic flow was processed in three stages: before and after implementation of light rail train, and one during the construction phase. Finally, the traffic results were input into another software called “EnViVer”, to calculate the amount of CO2 during 1 h. The results showed that after the implementation of the light rail, CO2 will drop by a minimum of 13%. This finding provides an evidence that light rail is a sustainable mode of transport.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2580966Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 417
 "IPCC AR4 SYR Appendix Glossary" (PDF). Retrieved 14 December 2008.
 Y. Zhang, V. Virjamo, N. Sobuj, W. Du, Y. Yin, L. Nybakken, H. Guo and R. Julkunen-Tiitto, “Elevated temperature and CO2 affect responses of European aspen (Populus tremula) to soil pyrene contamination” Science of The Total Environment, vol. 634, pp.150-157, 2018.
 M. Gastaldi, C. Meneguzzer, R. A. Giancristofaro, G. Gecchele, L. Della Lucia and M.V. Prati, “On-road measurement of CO2 vehicle emissions under alternative forms of intersection control,” Transportation research procedia, vol. 27, pp.476-483, 2017.
 C. E. S. de Andrade and D. A. Márcio de Almeida, “The Role of Rail Transit Systems in Reducing Energy and Carbon Dioxide Emissions: The Case of The City of Rio de Janeiro,” Sustainability, vol. 8, no. 2, pp.1-16, 2016.
 J. B. Griswold, S. Madanat and A. Horvath, “Tradeoffs between costs and greenhouse gas emissions in the design of urban transit systems,” Environmental Research Letters, vol. 8, no. 4, p.044046, 2013.
 C. M. Werner, B. B. Brown, C. P. Tribby, D. Tharp, K. Flick, H. J. Miller, K. R. Smith and W. Jensen, “Evaluating the attractiveness of a new light rail extension: Testing simple change and displacement change hypotheses,” Transport Policy, vol. 45, pp.15-23, 2016.
 Jonas Lohmann Elkjær Andersen, “Advantages of Light Rail, Transit,” Department of Transport Technical University of Denmark, 2002.
 D.A. Hensher, “Why is Light Rail Starting to Dominate Bus Rapid Transit Yet Again?,” Transport Reviews, vol. 36, no. 3, pp.289-292, 2016.
 A. Procter, A. Bassi, J. Kolling, L. Cox, N. Flanders, N. Tanners and R. Araujo, “The effectiveness of Light Rail transit in achieving regional CO 2 emissions targets is linked to building energy use: insights from system dynamics modelling,” Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, vol. 19, no. 5, pp.1459-1474, 2017.