Urban Renewal from the Perspective of Industrial Heritage Protection: Taking the Qiaokou District of Wuhan as an Example
Most of the earliest national industries in Wuhan are located along the Hanjiang River, and Qiaokou is considered to be a gathering place for Dahankou old industrial base. Zongguan Waterworks, Pacific Soap Factory, Fuxin Flour Factory, Nanyang Tobacco Factory and other hundred-year-old factories are located along Hanjiang River in Qiaokou District, especially the Gutian Industrial Zone, which was listed as one of 156 national restoration projects at the beginning of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. After decades of development, Qiaokou has become the gathering place of the chemical industry and secondary industry, causing damage to the city and serious pollution, becoming a marginalized area forgotten by the central city. In recent years, with the accelerated pace of urban renewal, Qiaokou has been constantly reforming and innovating, and has begun drastic changes in the transformation of old cities and the development of new districts. These factories have been listed as key reconstruction projects, and a large number of industrial heritage with historical value and full urban memory have been relocated, demolished and reformed, with only a few factory buildings preserved. Through the methods of industrial archaeology, image analysis, typology and field investigation, this paper analyzes and summarizes the spatial characteristics of industrial heritage in Qiaokou District, explores urban renewal from the perspective of industrial heritage protection, and provides design strategies for the regeneration of urban industrial sites and industrial heritage.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2580964Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 713
 “Qiaokou District Chronicle,” Wuhan: Qiaokou District Local Chronicle Compilation Committee, Wuhan, 2007, pp. 277–345.
 R. T. Zou, J. J. Gao. “Reflections on Urban Renewal Based on the Background of ‘Three Old’ Renewal --- Taking ‘Three Old’ Renewal Planning in Qiaokou District of Wuhan as an Example,” Urban and Rural Governance and Planning Reform - Papers Collection of the 2014 Annual Chinese Urban Planning Conference (11 - Planning Implementation and Management), 2014, pp. 396-405.
 J. J. Kang, R. T. Zou, Q. Zhou, “Discussion on New Ideas of ‘Three Old’ Reconstruction Planning in Wuhan-Taking Qiaokou District as an Example,” Chinese and Foreign Architectures, 2016, pp.111-113.
 H. Zhang, L. F. Song, “Review of Domestic Scholars on Urban Renewal in Britain and America,” Urban Issues, 2008, pp.78-79.
 R. N. Wang, “Review of Urban Renewal Studies in Western Countries,” Journal of Xihua Normal University (Zheshe Edition), 2001, pp.1-4.
 X. Y, Cui, “A Survey of the Development of Urban Renewal.” Economic Research, 2015, pp.1-4.
 D. C. Zou, “Live Forms and Social and Economic Factors--Comment on the Gains and Losses of the ‘Model Community Program’ in the 1960s,” Urban Planning Overseas,1987, pp.27.
 Y. J. Wang, “Urban Renewal in the 20th Century England”. Urban Planning Overseas,1987, pp.33.
 X. A. Yang, “Introduction to Urban Renovation in Rotterdam, The Netherlands,” Housing Science,1987, pp.30.
 N. Hel, “ooking at Canada’s Urban Planning System from Legislation,” Urban Planning Overseas, 1990, pp.39.
 Q. Z. Mao, “Housing Construction and Urban Renewal in the Federal Republic of Germany,” World Architecture, 1994, pp.55.
 Y. W. Chen, “The Countermeasures for the Renovation of Old Urban Areas in Shanghai,” Urban Planning,19954, pp.32.
 J. N. Zhou, “Study on Urban Renewal Planning Index System,” Shanghai Urban Planning,1997, pp.4.
 J. Q. Yang, ”The Status, Characteristics and Trends of Urban Renewal in China, “City Planning Review, 2004, pp.53.