Design and Fabrication of a Parabolic Trough Collector and Experimental Investigation of Wind Impact on Direct Steam Production in Tehran
The present paper aims to the techno-economic feasibility of enhancing low-cost parabolic trough collectors in the light of developing the use of solar energy in under-developed regions where expensive high-tech solar devices cannot be afforded. Moreover, the collector is aimed to produce steam so that its performance is based on heat which can be discovered. In this regard, the manufacturing process and the detailed design models in Solidworks software are elaborated. Furthermore, the colletor’s material is chosen in a way to minimize the costs. Finally, to assess the performance of the built collector, it is installed in the site of Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, and the values of the effective peripheral parameters, such as temperature, wind speed, and most importantly, solar irradiance, are recorded simultaneously in June. According to the results obtained, the manufactured collector with the aperture area of 2 m2 (1×2 m) is capable of producing 350 ml.h-1 steam. Also, the wind influence is comprehensively investigated in this paper. As a case in point, it was measured that as the wind speed maximized to 9.77 km/h, the amount of steam outlet is minimized to 580 ml.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2576954Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 416
 Devabhaktuni V, et al. Solar energy: trends and enabling technologies. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2013;19:555–64.
 Shafiee S, Topal E. When will fossil fuel reserves be diminished? Energy Policy 2009;37(1):181–9.
 Halmann MM, Steinberg M. Greenhouse gas carbon dioxide mitigation: science and technology. U.S.A: CRC press; 1998.
 Asafu-Adjaye J. The relationship between energy consumption, energy prices and economic growth: time series evidence from Asian developing countries. Energy Econ 2000;22(6):615–25.
 Koroneos C, Spachos T, Moussiopoulos N. Exergy analysis of renewable energy sources. Renew Energy 2003;28(2):295–310.
 T. Foley, K. Thornton, R. Hinrichs-rahlwes, S. Sawyer, M. Sander, R. Taylor, S. Teske, H. Lehmann, M. Alers, and D. Hales, “Renewables 2015 Global Status Report,” Tech. Rep., 2015. (Online). Available: http: / / www. ren21. net / wp - content/uploads/2015/07/REN12- GSR2015%7B%5C_%7DOnlinebook%7B%5C_%7Dlow%7B%5C_%7Dnolinks.pdf.
 Lüpfert E, Geyer M, Zentrum D, Schiel W, Esteban A, Osuna R, et al. Eurotrough design issues and prototype testing at Psa. Sol Forum 2001:1–5.
 Pytilinski JT. Solar energy installations for pumping irrigation water. Sol Energy 1978; 21:255–62.
 Gupta MK, Kaushik SC. Exergy analysis and investigation for various feed water heaters of direct steam generation solar–thermal power plant. Renew Energy 2010;35(6):1228–35.
 Seitz M, Cetin P, Eck M. Thermal storage concept for solar thermal power plants with direct steam generation. Energy Proc 2014; 49:993–1002.
 Eck M, Zarza E, Eickhoff M, Rheinländer J, Valenzuela L. Applied research concerning the direct steam generation in parabolic troughs. Sol Energy 2003;74(4):341–51.
 Fernández-García A, Zarza E, Valenzuela L, Pérez M. Parabolic-trough solar collectors and their applications. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2010;14(7):1695–721.
 L. Garcia-Rodriguez, A.I. Palmero-Marrero, C. Gomez-Camacho, Application of direct steam generation into a solar parabolic trough collector to multieffect distillation, Desalination. 125, p. 139–145, 1999.
 T. Szacsvay, P. Hofer-noser, M. Posnansky, Technical and economic aspects of small-scale solar-pond- powered seawater desalination systems, 122, pp. 185–193, 1999.
 B. Zou, J. Dong, Y. Yao, Y. Jiang, An experimental investigation on a small-sized parabolic trough solar collector for water heating in cold areas, Appl. Energy. 163, pp.396–407, 2016.
 E. Zarza, Generación Directa de Vapor con Colectores Solares Cilindroparabólicos. Proyecto Direct Solar Steam (DISS). Editorial CIEMAT, Madrid, 2004.
 Eck M. Zarza E. Solar energy Applied research concerning the DSG in parabolic troughs, 2003.
 M. Eck, E. Zarza, M. Eickhoff, J. Rheinlander, L. Valenzuela, Applied research concerning the direct steam generation in parabolic troughs, 74, pp.341–351. 2003.
 R. Almanza, A. Lentz, G. Jime, Receiver Behavior in Direct Steam Generation with, 61, pp. 275–278, 1997.
 Avadhesh Yadav, Manoj Kumar, Balram., Experimental Study and Analysis of Parabolic trough Collector with Various ReflectorsWorld Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering Vol:7, No:12, 2013
 M. Chafie, M. Fadhel Ben Aissa, M. Balghouthi, A. Farhat, A. Guizani, system under Tunisian climate: Design, manufacturing and performance assessment, Appl. Therm. Eng, 2016.
 S. N. Vijayan, S. Sendhil Kumar,. Theoretical Review on Influencing Factors in the Design of Parabolic Trough Collector., World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering Vol:11, No:11, 2017.
 Zandi, M., Bahrami, M., Eslami, S., Gavagsaz-Ghoachani, R., Payman, A., Phattanasak, M., ... & Pierfederici, S. (2017). Evaluation and comparison of economic policies to increase distributed generation capacity in the Iranian household consumption sector using photovoltaic systems and RETScreen software. Renewable energy, 107, 215-222.
 Gholami, A., Saboonchi, A., & Alemrajabi, A. A. (2017). Experimental study of factors affecting dust accumulation and their effects on the transmission coefficient of glass for solar applications. Renewable Energy, 112, 466-473.
 Gholami, A., Alemrajabi, A. A., & Saboonchi, A. (2017). Experimental study of self-cleaning property of titanium dioxide and nanospray coatings in solar applications. Solar Energy, 157, 559-565.
 Gholami, A., Khazaee, I., Eslami, S., Zandi, M., & Akrami, E. (2018). Experimental investigation of dust deposition effects on photo-voltaic output performance. Solar Energy, 159, 346-352.
 Akrami, E., Khazaee, I., & Gholami, A. (2018). Comprehensive analysis of a multi-generation energy system by using an energy-exergy methodology for hot water, cooling, power and hydrogen production. Applied Thermal Engineering, 129, 995-1001.
 M. Marefati et al. Optical and thermal analysis of a parabolic trough solar collector for production of thermal energy in different climates in Iran with comparison between the conventional Nano fluids, Journal of Cleaner Production 175, 294-313, 2018.
 M. Yaghoubi, F. Ahmadi, and M. Bandehee, “Analysis of Heat Losses of Absorber Tubes of Parabolic through Collector of Shiraz (Iran) Solar Power Plant,” Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 33-37, Jan 2013.
 J. A. Duffie, W. A. Beckman, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, 1991.
 S. A. Kalogirou, Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and systems, 2009. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-620850-4.50011-9.
 J.F. Kreider, The solar heating design process: active and passive systems, McGraw-Hill, 1982.