An Experimental Comparative Study of SI Engine Performance and Emission Characteristics Fuelled with Various Gasoline-Alcohol Blends
This experimental investigation aimed to determine the influence of using different types of alcohol and gasoline blends such as ethanol - butanol - propanol on the performance of spark ignition engine. The experimental work studied the effect of various fuel blends such as ethanol – butanol/gasoline and propanol/gasoline with two rates of 15% and 20%, at different operating conditions (engine speed and loads), on engine performance emission characteristics. Laboratory experiments are carried out on a four-cylinder spark ignition (SI) engine. In this practical study, all considerations and precautions are taken into account to ensure the quality and accuracy of practical experiments and different measurements. The results show that the performance of the engine improved significantly in the case of ethanol/butanol-gasoline blends. The results also indicated that the engine emitted pollutants such as CO, hydrocarbon (HC) for alcohol fuel blends compared to base gasoline NOx emission increased for different fuel blends either ethanol/butanol-gasoline or propanol-gasoline fuel blend.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2576938Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 562
 Cheng, X., Li, S., Yang, J., Liu, B. Investigation into partially premixed combustion fueled with N-butanol-diesel blends. Renewable Energy 2016; 86, 723-732.
 P. Jagger, J. Pedit, A. Bittner, L. Hamrick, T. Phwandapwhanda, C. Jumbe. Fuel efficiency and air pollutant concentrations of wood-burning improved cook stoves in Malawi: Implications for scaling-up cookstove programs. Energy for Sustainable Development 2017; 41: 112–120.
 Crookes R. Comparative bio-fuel performance in internal combustion engines. Biomass and Bioenergy 2006;30:461-468.
 A.K. Hossain, A., Davies P. Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of an indirect injection (IDI) multi-cylinder compression ignition (CI) engine operating on neat jatropha and karanj oils preheated by jacket water. Biomass and Bioenergy 2012; 46:332-342.
 Swaminathan, C., Sarangan, J. Performance and exhaust emission characteristics of a CI engine fueled with biodiesel (fish oil) with DEE as additive. Biomass and Bioenergy 2012; 39: 168-174.
 Foong, T.M.; Morganti, K.J.; Brear, M.J.; da Silva, G.; Yang, Y.; Dryer, F.L. The octane numbers of ethanol blended with gasoline and its surrogates. Fuel 2014, 115, 727–739.
 Mittal, N., Athony, R., Bansal, R. and Kumar, C. Study of performance and emission characteristics of a partially coated LHR SI engine blended with n-butanol and gasoline, Alex. Eng. Journal 52, 2013, 285–293.
 Rrahim, A. and Abdullah, N., effect of alcohol-gasoline blends (ethanol) on performance and emission of SI engine, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 2016, vol. 11, no. 20
 Thangavel, V. Momula S, Gosala, D., Asvathanarayanan R. Experimental studies on simultaneous injection of ethanol–gasoline and n-butanol–gasoline in the intake port of a four stroke SI engine. Renewable Energy 2016; 91, 347-360.
 Mourad, M., Mohamed, F., Mahmoud, K. and Nouh, A. Influence of Biodiesel Fuel on Performance Characteristics of Hybrid Electric Vehicle According to Urban Driving Cycle. The International Renewable Energy Congress IREC 2014, Tunisia. March 25-27.
 Venugopal T, Ramesh A. Effective utilisation of butanol along with gasoline in a spark ignition engine through a dual injection system. Applied Thermal Engineering 2013; 59: 550-558.
 Gravalos, I., Moshou, D., Gialamas, Th., Xyradakis, P., Kateris, D., Tsiropoulos, Z. Emissions characteristics of spark ignition engine operating on lower-higher molecular mass alcohol blended gasoline fuels, Renewable Energy 50, 2013, 27-32
 Sharudin H, Abdullah N, Najafi G, Mamat R, Masjuki H. Investigation of the effects of iso-butanol additives on spark ignition engine fuelled with methanol-gasoline blends. Applied Thermal Engineering 2017; 114: 593–600.
 Li Y, Gong J, Deng Y, Yuan W, Fu J, Zhang B. Experimental comparative study on combustion, performance and emissions characteristics of methanol, ethanol and butanol in a spark ignition engine. Applied Thermal Engineering 2017; 115: 53–63.
 Kapusuz M, Jehad H, Yamin A. Research of performance on a spark ignition engine fueled by alcohol–gasoline blends using artificial neural networks. Applied Thermal Engineering 2015; 91:525-534.
 Elfasakhany, A. Investigations on the effects of ethanol–methanol–gasoline blends in a spark-ignition engine: performance and emissions analysis, Eng. Sci. Technol. JESTECH 2015; 18: 713–719.
 Costagliola, M., Prati, M., Florio, S., Scorletti, P., Terna, D, Iodice, P., Buono, D., Senatore, A. Performances and emissions of a 4-stroke motorcycle fuelled with ethanol/gasoline blends. Fuel 2016:183; 470–477.
 Sharudin, H., Abdullah, N., Najafi, G., Mamat R., Masjuki H. Investigation of the effects of iso-butanol additives on spark ignition engine fuelled with methanol-gasoline blends. Applied Thermal Engineering 2017: 114; 593–600
 M.K. Balki, C. Sayin, M. Canakci, The effect of different alcohol fuels on the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a gasoline engine, Fuel 115 (2014) 901–906.
 Li Y., Gong J, Deng Y., Yuan W., Fu J., Zhang B. Experimental comparative study on combustion, performance and emissions characteristics of methanol, ethanol and butanol in a spark ignition engine. Applied Thermal Engineering 2017: 115; 53–63
 M. Mourad, K. Mahmoud. Performance investigation of passenger vehicle fueled by propanol/gasoline blend according to a city driving cycle. Energy 2018; 149: 741-749.
 Nithyanandan, K., Lee, C., Wu, and Zhang, H. Performance and emissions of acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) and gasoline blends in a port fuel injected spark ignition engine, ASME, 2014, 10.1115.
 Singh, S. Dhar, D. Agarwal, A.Technical feasibility study of butanol–gasoline blends for powering medium-duty transportation spark ignition engine. Renewable Energy 2015;76, 706-716.
 Zhang, J., Nithyanandan, K., Li, Y. and Lee, C. Comparative study of high-alcohol content gasoline blends in an SI engine, SAE, 2015–01–0891.
 Sathiyamoorthi, R. Sankaranarayanan, G. The effects of using ethanol as additive on the combustion and emissions of a direct injection diesel engine fuelled with neat lemongrass oil-diesel fuel blend. Renewable Energy 2017; 101, 747-756.
 Elfasakhany, A. Experimental study on emissions and performance of an internal combustion engine fueled with gasoline and gasoline–n-butanol blends, Energy Conversion Management 2014; 88: 277–283.
 Szwaja, S. and Naber, J. Combustion of n-butanol in a spark-ignition IC engine, Fuel 2010; 89: 1573–1582.
 Feng, R., Yang, J., Zhang, D., Deng, B., Fu, J., Liu, J. and Liu, X. Experimental study on SI engine fuelled with butanol–gasoline blend and H2O addition, Energy Conversion Management 2013; 74:192–200.
 Singh, S., Dhar, A. and Agarwal, A. Technical feasibility study of butanol gasoline blends for powering medium-duty transportation spark ignition engine, Renew. Energy 76, 2015, 706–716.
 Thangavel, v. Momula, S. Gosala, D. Asvathanarayanan, R. Experimental studies on simultaneous injection of ethanol–gasoline and n-butanol–gasoline in the intake port of a four stroke SI engine. Renewable Energy 2016;91, 347-360.
 Varol, Y., O¨ner, C., O¨ ztop, F. and Altun, F. Comparison of methanol, ethanol, or n-butanol blending with unleaded gasoline on exhaust emissions of an SI engine, Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization Environ. Effects 2014; 36: 938–948.
 Y. Li, K. Nithyanandan, T.H. Lee, R.M. Donahue, Y. Lin, C.F. Lee, S. Liao, Effect of water-containing acetone-butanol-ethanol gasoline blends on combustion, performance, and emissions characteristics of a spark-ignition engine, Energy Convers. Manage. 117 (2016) 21–30.
 N.R. Abdullah, M. Zaharin, A. Mamat, M. Nawi, H. Sharudin, Effects of ethanol blends on gasoline engine performance and exhaust emissions, J. Teknol. 76 (11) (2015).
 Irimescu, A. Performance and fuel conversion efficiency of a spark ignition engine fueled with iso-butanol, Appl. Energy 96 (2012) 477–483.
 M. Canakci, A.N. Ozsezen, E. Alptekin, M. Eyidogan, Impact of alcohol–gasoline fuel blends on the exhaust emission of an SI engine, Renew. Energy 52 (2013) 111–117.
 Gonca G. Influences of different fuel kinds and engine design parameters on the performance characteristics and NO formation of a spark ignition (SI) engine. Applied Thermal Engineering 2017: 127;194–202.