Compression Study on Velvet and Termeh in Iranian Brocade
Authors: R. Moosazadeh
From ancient times, in some cultures, the way of choosing the colour and pattern of the fabric, and its decoration, represents a message about their beliefs, traditions and ethnical origins. Due to the diversity of clothing in the Middle East, two special types of Iranian fabrics have been investigated. The process of knitting with a weaving-loom is always accompanied by passing the fibres of the warp in different ways. This study presented the historical investigation of brocades and explanation about traditional Iranian brocades in terms of fabric, shape, and patterns. Moreover, the compression results between characteristics of Termeh and velvet have been reported. The aim of the study was to focus on the history of fabric texture in Iran and general information about brocades and Termeh fabrics in expressions of their historical traditions. In conclusion, it is attempted to introduce knitting techniques and designed models which have been presented for this traditional and expensive Iranian fabric.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2571894Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 257
 P. Baker, Islamic Textiles. London, British museum press, 1995, pp. 125–154.
 C.G. E. Bunt, Persian Fabrics. London, Leigh-on-sea, 1963, pp. 12–114.
 C. Melville, Safavid Persia. Cambridge, Cambridge university press, 1995, pp. 23–65.
 A. J. Newman, Safavid Iran: re-birth of a Persian Empire. London, I. B. Tauris & co Ltd., 2006, pp. 17–225.
 F. Spuhler. Islamic carpet and textiles in the Keir collection. London, Faber and Faber, 1978, pp. 35–84.
 Y. Agrawal, Silk Brocade. New Delhi, Luster Press, 2003, pp. 27–127.
 S. Ahuja, Dhurrie: Flat Woven Rugs of India. New Delhi, India Book House Limited, 1999, pp. 168–232.
 J. Harris, 5000 Years of Textiles. London, British Museum Press, 2006, pp. 46–108.
 N. Khalili, Islamic Art and Culture: A Visual History. New York, Overlook Press, 2006, pp. 72–164.
 D. Walker, Flowers Underfoot: Indian Carpets of the Mughal Era. New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997, pp. 29–94.
 K. Amelie, The Persian Empire: A Corpus of Sources from the Achaemenid Period. Abingdon, Routledge, 2007, pp. 162–363.
 S. Candy, The Golden Age Of Persian Art. London, British Museum, 1999, pp. 78–146.
 O. Grabar, Masterpieces of Islamic Art: The Decorated Page from the 8th to the 17th Century. Munich, Prestel publishing, 2009, pp. 184–203.
 O. Grabar, Early Islamic Art: 650-1100. London, Ashgate publishing, 2005, pp. 167–284.
 J. M. Rogers, The Arts of Islam: Masterpieces from the Khalili Collection. London, Thames & Hudson Ltd, 2010, pp. 279–324.