Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30123
All-Optical Function Based on Self-Similar Spectral Broadening for 2R Regeneration in High-Bit-Rate Optical Transmission Systems

Authors: Leila Graini


In this paper, we demonstrate basic all-optical functions for 2R regeneration (Re-amplification and Re-shaping) based on self-similar spectral broadening in low normal dispersion and highly nonlinear fiber (ND-HNLF) to regenerate the signal through optical filtering including the transfer function characteristics, and output extinction ratio. Our approach of all-optical 2R regeneration is based on those of Mamyshev. The numerical study reveals the self-similar spectral broadening very effective for 2R all-optical regeneration; the proposed design presents high stability compared to a conventional regenerator using SPM broadening with reduction of the intensity fluctuations and improvement of the extinction ratio.

Keywords: All-optical function, 2R optical regeneration, self-similar broadening, Mamyshev regenerator.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 356


[1] J. C. Simon, L. Bramerie, F. Ginovart, V. Roncin, M. Gay, S. Feve, C. E. Le and M. L. Chares, “All-optical regeneration techniques,” Annals of telecommunications, 2003.vol. 58, no. 11/12, pp. 1708–1724.
[2] O. Leclerc, B. Lavigne, D. Chiaroni, and E. Desurvire, “All-optical regeneration: Principles and WDM implementation,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVA, I.P. Kaminow and T. Li, Eds., Academic Press, San Diego, 2002, pp. 732−783.
[3] P.V. Mamyshev, «All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect», ECOC’98 Madrid. 1998.
[4] M. Matsumoto, O. Leclerc, «Analysis of 2R optical regenerator utilising self phase modulation in highly non linear fiber», Electron. Lett, 2002, vol. 38 (12), p.576-577.
[5] T. Her, G. Raybon, and C. Headley, Optimization of pulse regeneration at 40 Gb/s based on spectral filtering of self-phase modulation in fiber, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 2004. vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 200_202.
[6] F. Parmigiani, S. Asimakis, N. Sugimoto, F. Koizumi, P. Petropoulos, and D. Richardson, _2R regenerator based on a 2-m-long highly nonlinear bismuth oxide fiber, Opt. Exp., 2006. vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 5038_5044.
[7] C. Finot, S. Pitois, and G. Millot, «Regenerative 40 Gbit/s wavelength converter based on similariton generation», Optics Letters, 2005. vol. 30 (14), p. 1776–1778.
[8] M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett., 2002.vol. 84, pp. 6010-6013.
[9] C. Finot, J. Fatome, S. Pitois, G. Millot, and E. Pincemin, «Active Mamyshev regenerator», Optical Review, 2011. Vol. 18 (3), p. 257–263.
[10] L. Provost, C. Finot, P. Petropoulos, K. Mukasa, and D. Richardson, Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation-based regenerators, Opt. Exp., 2007. vol. 15,no. 8, pp. 5100_5113.
[11] Leila Graini and Kaddour Saouchi, “Similariton spectrums application for high bit rate WDM communication systems”, Springer-journal of optics, 2014. Vol.43, no.4, pp 341-349.
[12] Leila Graini, Kaddour Saouchi, Grigore-Adrian Iordachescu, «Optical Similariton Generation in Photonic Crystal Fibers», 10.1109/ECAI.2016.7861192. 2016.
[13] Y. Ozeki, Y. Takushima, K. Aiso, K. Taira, K. Kikuchi, «Generation of 10 GHz similariton pulse trains from 1.2 Km-long erbium doped fiber amplifier for application to multiwavelength pulse sources». Electron. Lett. 2004. Vol.40 (18).
[14] F. Begum, Y. Namihira, T. Kinjo, S. Kaijage, Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers at 1.06, 1.31, and 1.55 um wavelengths. Electron. Lett. 2010. Vol. 46 (22), 1518–1520.
[15] Y. Yang, C. Lou, H. Zhou, J. Wang, and Y. Gao, «Simple pulse compression scheme based on filtering self-phase modulation-broadened spectrum and its application in anoptical time-division multiplexing system», Appl. Opt., 2006. vol.45, p. 7524–7528.
[16] Su, Y., et al., «All-optical 2R regeneration of 40-Gb/s signal impaired by intrachannel four-wave mixing». Photon.Technol. Lett. 2003. Vol. 15 (2): p. 350.
[17] Mok, J., et al., «Investigation of group delay ripple distorted signals transmitted through all-optical 2R regenerators». Opt. Express, 2004. vol.12 (19): p. 4411-4422.
[18] Johannisson, P. and M. Karlsson, «Characterization of a self-phase-Modulation-based all-optical regeneration system». Photon.Technol. Lett., 2005. Vol. 17(12): p. 2667.