Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32468
The Impact of Information and Communication Technology in Education: Opportunities and Challenges

Authors: M. Nadeem, S. Nasir, K. A. Moazzam, R. Kashif


The remarkable growth and evolution in information and communication technology (ICT) in the past few decades has transformed modern society in almost every aspect of life. The impact and application of ICT have been observed in almost all walks of life including science, arts, business, health, management, engineering, sports, and education. ICT in education is being used extensively for student learning, creativity, interaction, and knowledge sharing and as a valuable source of teaching instrument. Apart from the student’s perspective, it plays a vital role for teacher education, instructional methods and curriculum development. There is a significant difference in growth of ICT enabled education in developing countries compared to developed nations and according to research, this gap is widening. ICT gradually infiltrate in almost every aspect of life. It has a deep and profound impact on our social, economic, health, environment, development, work, learning, and education environments. ICT provides very effective and dominant tools for information and knowledge processing. It is firmly believed that the coming generation should be proficient and confident in the use of ICT to cope with the existing international standards. This is only possible if schools can provide basic ICT infrastructure to students and to develop an ICT-integrated curriculum which covers all aspects of learning and creativity in students. However, there is a digital divide and steps must be taken to reduce this digital divide considerably to have the profound impact of ICT in education all around the globe. This study is based on theoretical approach and an extensive literature review is being conducted to see the successful implementations of ICT integration in education and to identify technologies and models which have been used in education in developed countries. This paper deals with the modern applications of ICT in schools for both teachers and students to uplift the learning and creativity amongst the students. A brief history of technology in education is presented and discussed are some important ICT tools for both student and teacher’s perspective. Basic ICT-based infrastructure for academic institutions is presented. The overall conclusion leads to the positive impact of ICT in education by providing an interactive, collaborative and challenging environment to students and teachers for knowledge sharing, learning and critical thinking.

Keywords: Information and communication technology, ICT, education, ICT infrastructure, teacher education.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3591


[1] Benat Bilbao-Osorio, Soumitra Dutta, Bruno Lanvin, “The Global Information Technology Report 2013; Growth and Jobs in a Hyperconnected World”, published by INSEAD and World Economic Forum, 2013.
[2] Camfield, J., A. Kobulsky, and J. Paris. (2007). A Report Card for One Laptop Per Child. Closing the Digital Divide via ICTs and Education: Successes and Failures IAFF 229: Multidisciplinary Seminar in Science Technology and Global Affairs.
[3] Cher Ping Lim, “Effective integration of ICT in Singapore schools: pedagogical and policy implications” Education Tech Research Dev, 55: pp. 83-116, 2007.
[4] Final Report (2013), Survey of Schools: ICT in Education Benchmarking Access, Use and Attitudes to Technology in Europe’s Schools, Final Report. A study prepared for the European Commission DG Communications Networks, Content & Technology.
[5] Hew, Khe Foon, and Thomas Brush, “Integrating technology into K-12 teaching and learning: Current knowledge gaps and recommendations for future research”, Educational Technology Research and Development 55(3): pp. 223-252, 2007.
[6] Istenic Starcic, Andreja, and Spela Bagon, ICT‐supported learning for inclusion of people with special needs: Review of seven educational technology journals, 1970–2011, British Journal of Educational Technology 45(2): pp. 202-230, 2014.
[7] Lauc, Tomislava, and Sanja Kišiček, "Students’ learning preferences in a multimedia online course." International journal of education and information technologies 6(4), pp. 319-326, 2012.
[8] S. Malik and A. Agarwal, "Use of multimedia as a new educational technology tool–a study." International Journal of Information and Education Technology 2(8): pp. 468-471, 2012.
[9] Taimur-ul-Hassan, Abdur Rahim Sajid, “ICTs in learning: Problems faced by Pakistan”, Journal of Research Vol. 7, No. 1: pp. 52-64, 2013.
[10] UNESCO (2011). Transforming Education: The Power of ICT Policies. Paris: UNESCO.
[11] Darejan Geladze, “Using the Internet and Computer Technologies in Learning/Teaching Process”, Journal of Education and Practice, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 67-69, 2015.
[12] Keshnee Padayachee, “A Snapshot Survey of ICT Integration in, South African Schools”, SACJ 29(2), October 2017.
[13] Lauren Acree, Theresa Gibson, Nancy Mangum, Mary Ann Wolf, Shaun Kellogg, Suzanne Branon, “Supporting School Leaders in Blended Learning with Blended Learning”, Journal of Online Learning Research, 3(2): pp. 105-143, 2017.
[14] Molefe Mookana Motshegwe, “The Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for Enhanced Teaching: The changing role of instructors”, Mosenodi : Journal of the Botswana Research , Vol. 21 No 1: pp. 28-43, 2018.
[15] W. M. Al-Rahmi, M. S. Othman, M. A. Musa, “The improvement of students’ academic performance by using social media through collaborative learning in Malaysian higher education”, Asian Social Sci., 10 (8), pp. 210-221, 2014.
[16] O. F. Tutkun, “Internet access, use and sharing levels among students during the teaching-learning process”, Turk. Online J. Educ. Technology, 10 (3): pp. 152-160, 2011.
[17] Linda Godzicki, Nicole Godzicki, Mary Krofel, Rachel Michaels, (2013), A Increasing Motivation and Engagement in Elementary and Middle School Students Through Technology-Supported Learning Environments, Master thesis, Saint Xavier University Teaching and Leadership Program Chicago, Illinois May, 2013.
[18] David Mbabu Nchunge, Maurice Sakwa, Waweru Mwangi, “Assessment of ICT Infrastructure on ICT Adoption in Educational Institutions: A Descriptive Survey of Secondary Schools in Kiambu County Kenya”, Journal of Computer Science & Information Technology 1(1), pp. 32-45, June 2013.
[19] Ali Sabanci , Gulnar Ozyildirim, Raziye Imsir , (2014) The Effect of ICT Usage on the Classroom Management: A Case Study in Language Teaching, International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities Vol. 7, No. 1: pp. 232-245, 2014.
[20] Ted Kolderie and Tim Mcdonald, (2009) How Information Technology Can Enable 21st Century Schools, report, The Information Technology & Innovation Foundation, Report, July 2009.
[21] I. Liccardi, A. Ounnas, R. Pau, E. Massey, P. Kinnunen, S. Lewthwaite, C. Sarkar, (2007), “The role of social networks in students’ learning experiences”, ACM SIGCSE Bull., 39 (4): pp. 224-237, 2007.
[22] The Ultimate History of Technology in Education. (June 7, 2017), retrieved from