Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32716
Application of Sorptive Passive Panels for Reducing Indoor Formaldehyde Level: Effect of Environmental Conditions

Authors: Mitra Bahri, Jean Leopold Kabambi, Jacqueline Yakobi-Hancock, William Render, Stephanie So


Reducing formaldehyde concentration in residential buildings is an important challenge, especially during the summer. In this study, a ceiling tile was used as a sorptive passive panel for formaldehyde removal. The performance of this passive panel was evaluated under different environmental conditions. The results demonstrated that the removal efficiency is comprised between 40% and 71%. Change in the level of relative humidity (30%, 50%, and 75%) had a slight positive effect on the sorption capacity. However, increase in temperature from 21 °C to 26 °C led to approximately 7% decrease in the average formaldehyde removal performance. GC/MS and HPLC analysis revealed the formation of different by-products at low concentrations under extreme environmental conditions. These findings suggest that the passive panel selected for this study holds the potential to be used for formaldehyde removal under various conditions.

Keywords: Formaldehyde, indoor air quality, passive panel, removal efficiency, sorption.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 709


[1] A. Kumar, B. P. Singh, M. Punia, D. Singh, K. Kumar, and V. K. Jain, “Determination of volatile organic compounds and associated health risk assessment in residential homes and hostels within an academic institute, New Delhi,” Indoor Air, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 474–483, Jan. 2014.
[2] S. K. Brown, “Chamber Assessment of Formaldehyde and VOC Emissions from Wood-Based Panels,” Indoor Air, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 209–215, Apr. 1999.
[3] T. J. Kelly, D. L. Smith, and J. Satola, “Emission rates of formaldehyde from materials and consumer products found in Califomia homes,” Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 81–88, Jan. 1999.
[4] N. Aldag, J. Gunschera, and T. Salthammer, “Release and absorption of formaldehyde by textiles,” Cellulose, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 4509–4518, Oct. 2017.
[5] N. L. Gilbert, M. Guay, J. David Miller, S. Judek, C. C. Chan, and R. E. Dales, “Levels and determinants of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein in residential indoor air in Prince Edward Island, Canada,” Environ. Res., vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 11–17, Sep. 2005.
[6] B. Clarisse, A. M. Laurent, N. Seta, Y. Le Moullec, A. El Hasnaoui, and I. Momas, “Indoor aldehydes: measurement of contamination levels and identification of their determinants in Paris dwellings,” Environ. Res., vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 245–253, Jul. 2003.
[7] M. Z. M. Salem, M. Böhm, J. Srba, and J. Beránková, “Evaluation of formaldehyde emission from different types of wood-based panels and flooring materials using different standard test methods,” Build. Environ., vol. 49, pp. 86–96, Mar. 2012.
[8] T. Salthammer and F. Fuhrmann, “Photocatalytic surface reactions on indoor wall paint,” Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 41, no. 18, pp. 6573–6578, Aug. 2007.
[9] Health Canada, “Residential indoor air quality guideline: formaldehyde,” HC Pub.: 4120 Cat.: H128-1/06-432-1E ISBN: 0-662-42661-4, Ottawa, Apr. 2006.
[10] N. L. Gilbert et al., “Housing characteristics and indoor concentrations of nitrogen dioxide and formaldehyde in Quebec City, Canada,” Environ. Res., vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 1–8, Sep. 2006.
[11] W. H. O. (WHO), “Burden of disease from the joint effects of Household and Ambient Air Pollution for 2012,” WHO, 2014.
[12] M. St-Jean et al., “Indoor air quality in Montréal area day-care centres, Canada,” Environ. Res., vol. 118, pp. 1–7, Oct. 2012.
[13] T. Salthammer, S. Mentese, and R. Marutzky, “Formaldehyde in the indoor environment,” Chem. Rev., vol. 110, no. 4, pp. 2536–2572, Jan. 2010.
[14] K. B. Rumchev, J. T. Spickett, M. K. Bulsara, M. R. Phillips, and S. M. Stick, “Domestic exposure to formaldehyde significantly increases the risk of asthma in young children,” Eur. Respir. J., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 403–408, Nov. 2002.
[15] M. Bahri, F. Haghighat, H. Kazemian, and S. Rohani, “A comparative study on metal organic frameworks for indoor environment application: Adsorption evaluation,” Chem. Eng. J., vol. 313, Apr. 2017.
[16] Z. Shayegan, C.-S. Lee, and F. Haghighat, “TiO 2 photocatalyst for removal of volatile organic compounds in gas phase-A review,” Chem. Eng. J., Feb. 2017.
[17] M. Bahri, F. Haghighat, S. Rohani, and H. Kazemian, “Metal organic frameworks for gas-phase VOCs removal in a NTP-catalytic reactor,” Chem. Eng. J., vol. 320, Jul. 2017.
[18] M. Bahri and F. Haghighat, “Plasma-based indoor air cleaning technologies: The state of the art-review,” Clean - Soil, Air, Water, vol. 42, no. 12, Oct. 2014.
[19] J. Gunschera, J. R. Andersen, N. Schulz, and T. Salthammer, “Surface-catalysed reactions on pollutant-removing building products for indoor use,” Chemosphere, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 476–482, Apr. 2009.
[20] E. K. Darling, C. J. Cros, P. Wargocki, J. Kolarik, G. C. Morrison, and R. L. Corsi, “Impacts of a clay plaster on indoor air quality assessed using chemical and sensory measurements,” Build. Environ., vol. 57, pp. 370–376, Nov. 2012.
[21] E. T. Gall, R. L. Corsi, and J. A. Siegel, “Barriers and opportunities for passive removal of indoor ozone,” Atmos. Environ., vol. 45, no. 19, pp. 3338–3341, Jun. 2011.
[22] M. S. Zuraimi et al., “Performance of sorption- and photocatalytic oxidation-based indoor passive panel technologies,” Build. Environ., vol. 135, pp. 85–93, May 2018.
[23] M. S. Zuraimi, M. Robert, G. Nilsson, C. Arsenault “Indoor Passive Panel Technologies: Test Methods to Evaluate Toluene and Formaldehyde Removal and Reemission, and By-product Formation,” NRC Publ. Arch., Dec. 2015.
[24] ASTM, “D5116: Standard Guide for Small-Scale Environmental Chamber Determinations of Organic Emissions from Indoor Materials, ASTM, 2006”.