A Review on Building Information Modelling in Nigeria and Its Potentials
Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32795
A Review on Building Information Modelling in Nigeria and Its Potentials

Authors: Mansur Hamma-Adama, Tahar Kouider


Construction Industry has been evolving since the development of Building Information Modelling (BIM). This technological process is unstoppable; it is out to the market with remarkable case studies of solving the long industry’s history of fragmentation. This industry has been changing over time; United States has recorded the most significant development in construction digitalization, Australia, United Kingdom and some other developed nations are also amongst promoters of BIM process and its development. Recently, a developing country like China and Malaysia are keying into the industry’s digital shift, while very little move is seen in South Africa whose development is considered higher and perhaps leader in the digital transition amongst the African countries. To authors’ best knowledge, Nigerian construction industry has never engaged in BIM discussions hence has no attention at national level. Consequently, Nigeria has no “Noteworthy BIM publications.” Decision makers and key stakeholders need to be informed on the current trend of the industry’s development (BIM in specific) and the opportunities of adopting this digitalization trend in relation to the identified challenges. BIM concept can be traced mostly in Architectural practices than engineering practices in Nigeria. A superficial BIM practice is found to be at organisational level only and operating a model based - “BIM stage 1.” Research to adopting this innovation has received very little attention. This piece of work is literature review based, aimed at exploring BIM in Nigeria and its prospects. The exploration reveals limitations in the literature availability as to extensive research in the development of BIM in the country. Numerous challenges were noticed including building collapse, inefficiencies, cost overrun and late project delivery. BIM has potentials to overcome the above challenges and even beyond. Low level of BIM adoption with reasonable level of awareness is noticed. However, lack of policy and guideline as well as serious lack of experts in the field are amongst the major barriers to BIM adoption. The industry needs to embrace BIM to possibly compete with its global counterpart.

Keywords: Adoption, BIM, CAD, construction industry, Nigeria, opportunities.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2021965

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1308


[1] Zhao X, Hwang BG, Lee HN. Identifying critical leadership styles of project managers for green building projects. International Journal of Construction Management. 2016 Apr 2;16(2):150-60.
[2] Succar B. Building information modelling framework: A research and delivery foundation for industry stakeholders. Automation in construction. 2009 May 1;18(3):357-75.
[3] Institute of Engineering J.N.N. What is building information modelling (BIM). Available from: http://www.jnn.edu.in/campus-life/coe/bim/ accessed on 23 April 2018.
[4] Cao D, Li H, Wang G. Impacts of isomorphic pressures on BIM adoption in construction projects. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 2014 Jul 7;140(12):04014056.
[5] Monteiro A, Mêda P, Martins JP. Framework for the coordinated application of two different integrated project delivery platforms. Automation in Construction. 2014 Mar 1;38:87-99.
[6] Construction MH. The Business Value of BIM For Construction in Major Global Markets: how contractors around the world are driving innovation with building information modeling. Smart MarketReport. 2014.
[7] Natspec, N. B. (2012). NATSPEC construction information. Retrieved from http://www.natspec.com.au/.
[8] Hjelseth E. Bim Understanding And Activities. Wit Transactions on The Built Environment. 2017 Aug 9; 169:3-14.
[9] GDMS GIS & CAD Solutions. BIM Infrastructure model. Available from: http://www.gdms-1.com/bim.html Accessed on: 13 June 2018.
[10] Succar, B., & Kassem, M. (2015). Macro-BIM adoption: Conceptual structures. Automation in Construction, 57, 64-79.
[11] National BIM Report. BIM task group: Report. London: RIBA Enterprises Ltd; 2012.
[12] Memon AH, Rahman IA, Memon I, Azman NIA. BIM in Malaysian construction industry: Status, advantages, barriers and strategies to enhance the implementation level. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology. 2014;8(5):606-614.
[13] National BIM Report. BIM task group: Report. London: RIBA Enterprises Ltd; 2015.
[14] Chan CT. Barriers of implementing BIM in construction industry from the designers’ perspective: A Hong Kong experience. Journal of System and Management Sciences. 2014;4(2):24-40.
[15] SteelTech. BIM (Building Information Modeling) A new way of working. Available from: http://www.steeltechengg.com/bimmethodology.html Accessed on: 22 June, 2018.
[16] Egan J. Rethinking construction, construction task force report for department of the environment, transport and the regions. Ed: HMSO, London. 1998.
[17] Walasek D, Barszcz A. Analysis of the adoption rate of building information modeling
[BIM] and its return on investment
[ROI]. Procedia Engineering. 2017 Jan 1;172:1227-34.
[18] Ghaffarianhoseini A, Tookey J, Ghaffarianhoseini A, Naismith N, Azhar S, Efimova O, Raahemifar K. Building Information Modelling (BIM) uptake: Clear benefits, understanding its implementation, risks and challenges. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2017 Aug 1;75:1046-53.
[19] Howard R, Restrepo L, Chang CY. Addressing individual perceptions: An application of the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology to building information modelling. International Journal of Project Management. 2017 Feb 1;35(2):107-20.
[20] Azhar S. Building information modeling (BIM): Trends, benefits, risks, and challenges for the AEC industry. Leadership and management in engineering. 2011 Jun 15;11(3):241-52.
[21] Construction MH. The business value of BIM in Europe. Getting Building Information Modeling to the Bottom Line in the United Kingdom, France and German. ISBN. 2010:978-1.
[22] Construction MH. The business value of BIM for infrastructure. SmartMarket Report. 2012:1-60.
[23] National BIM Report. BIM task group: Report. London: RIBA Enterprises Ltd; 2017.
[24] McAuley B, Hore A, West R. Building Information Modelling in Ireland 2017.
[25] Latham SM. Constructing the team. 1994.
[26] Aibinu A, Venkatesh S. Status of BIM adoption and the BIM experience of cost consultants in Australia. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice. 2013 Dec 18;140(3):04013021.
[27] Elbeltagi E, Dawood M. Integrated visualized time control system for repetitive construction projects. Automation in Construction. 2011 Nov 1;20(7):940-53.
[28] Zahrizan Z, Hamid ZA, Marshall-Ponting A, Ali NM, Haron AT. Exploring the barriers and driving factors in implementing BIM in the Malaysian construction industry: A preliminary study. IEM Journal. 2013;75(1):1-0.
[29] Shakantu W, Froise T. Diffusion of innovations: an assessment of building information modelling uptake trends in South Africa. Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation. 2014 Dec 1;4(2):895-911.
[30] Hamma-adama M, Salman HS, Kouider T. Diffusion of innovations: the status of building information modelling uptake in Nigeria. Journal of Scientific Research & Reports, 17(4), 1-12. DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/38711.
[31] Kekana TG, Aigbavboa CO, Thwala WD. Building information modelling (BIM): Barriers in adoption and implementation strategies in the South Africa construction industry. InInternational Conference on Emerging Trends in Computer and Image Processing, Pattaya, Thailand 2014 Dec 14.
[32] Abubakar, M., Ibrahim, Y. M., and Bala, K.. Readiness of Nigerian building design firms to adopt building information modelling (BIM) technologies. The 5th International Conference for Construction Engineering and Project Management, ICCEPM 2013.
[33] Abubakar M, Ibrahim YM, Kado D, Bala K. Contractors' perception of the factors affecting Building Information Modelling (BIM) adoption in the Nigerian Construction Industry. InComputing in Civil and Building Engineering (2014) 2014 (pp. 167-178).
[34] Dim N, Ezeabasili A, Okoro B. Managing the change process associated with Building Information Modeling (BIM) implementation by the public and private investors in the nigerian building industry; 2015.
[35] Kori SI, Kiviniemi A. Toward adoption of BIM in the Nigerian AEC industry; context framing, data collecting and paradigm for interpretation.
[36] Ugochukwu S, Akabogu S, Okolie K. Status and perceptions of the application of building information modeling for improved building projects delivery in Nigeria. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER). 2015;4(11):176-82.
[37] Wang C, Cho YK, Kim C. Automatic BIM component extraction from point clouds of existing buildings for sustainability applications. Automation in Construction. 2015 Aug 31;56:1-3.
[38] Ezeokoli FO, Okoye PU, Nkeleme E. Factors Affecting the Adaptability of Building Information Modelling (BIM) for Construction Projects in Anambra State Nigeria. Journal of Scientific Research & Reports. 2016;11(5):1-0.
[39] Timothy, O. O., Kehinde, O., Fagbemi, K. and Sadiku, A. "Exploring New Directions for the Transformation of the Built Environment in Nigeria: The Role of Building Information Modeling" Developing Country Studies ISSN 2224-0525 (Online) Vol.6, No.6, 2016;177-182.
[40] Ebiloma DO, Daibi-Oruene WD, Bumaa FN. Application of Multiple Regressions on the Impact of Building Information Modelling Adoption Drivers on Sustainable Construction in Nigeria. International Journal of Innovation and Sustainability. 2017;1:22-31.
[41] Onungwa IO, Uduma-Olugu N. Building information modelling and collaboration in the Nigerian construction industry. Journal of Construction Business and Management. 2017;1(2):1-10.
[42] Onungwa IO, Uduma-Olugu N, Igwe JM. Building information modelling as a construction management tool in Nigeria. WIT Transactions on The Built Environment. 2017;169:25-33.
[43] Hamma-adama M, Galadima YK, Kouider T. Building information modelling: a tool for diffusion of information in Nigeria. In Junaid, A.M., Adedayo, O. F., Jimoh, R. A. and Oyewobi, L. O. (eds.) Proceedings of the School of Environmental Technology international conference 2018 (SETIC 2018); contemporary issues and sustainable practices in the built environment, 10-12 April 2018, Minna, Nigeria. Minna: School of Environmental Technology, Federal University of Technology, pages 35-43.
[44] Hamma-adama, M., Kouider, T. and Salman, H. State of Building Information Modelling (BIM) Adoption in Nigeria. Working paper presented at the 34th Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) Conference, Belfast, United Kingdom, 2018; pages 334-343.
[45] Olagunju RE, Aremu SC, Ogundele J. Incessant collapse of buildings in Nigeria: an architect’s view. Civil and Environmental Research. 2013;3(4):49-54.
[46] Ayedun CA, Durodola OD, Akinjare OA. An empirical ascertainment of the causes of building failure and collapse in Nigeria. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 2011;3(1):313-22.
[47] Ayininuola GM, Olalusi OO. Assessment of Building Failures in Nigeria: Lagos and Ibadan Case Study'. African Journal of science and technology. 2004 Jun;5(1).
[48] Windapo B. The threat of building collapse on sustainable development in the built environment in Nigeria. InProceedings of the 36th Annual General Meeting/Conference. Nigerian Institute of Building, Jos 2006.
[49] Dimuna KO. Incessant incidents of building collapse in Nigeria: A challenge to stakeholders. Global Journal of Researches in Engineering. 2010 Sep;10(4):75-84.
[50] Usman ND, Chen JA, Lodson JY. Environmental Sciences and the Challenges of collapse buildings in Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Sciences and Agriculture in Developing Countries. 2010;2(2).
[51] Ayodeji O. An examination of the causes and effects of building collapse in Nigeria. Journal of Design and Built Environment. 2011 Dec 30;9(1).
[52] Amadi AN, Eze CJ, Igwe CO, Okunlola IA, Okoye NO. Architect’s and geologist’s view on the causes of building failures in Nigeria. Modern Applied Science. 2012 May 16;6(6):31.
[53] Ede AN. Building collapse in Nigeria: The trend of casualties the last decade (2000-2010). International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering. 2013;10(6).
[54] Tanko JA, Ilesanmi FA, Balla SK. Building Failure Causes in Nigeria and Mitigating Roles by Engineering Regulation and Monitoring. Engineering. 2013 Feb 6;5(02):184.
[55] Agwu MO. Perception Survey of Poor Construction Supervision and Building Failures in Six Major Cities in Nigeria. British Journal of Education, Society & Behavioural Science. 2014;4(4):456-72.
[56] Hamma-adama M, Kouider T. Causes of building failure and collapse in Nigeria: professionals' view. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER). 2017;6(12):289-300.
[57] Liu Z, Osmani M, Demian P, Baldwin A. A BIM-aided construction waste minimisation framework. Automation in construction. 2015 Nov 1;59:1-23.
[58] Hamma-adama, M. & Kouider, T. A quest needs for Building Information Modelling tools training in a developing nation. In Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of Architectural Technology (ICAT) Conference, Belfast, United Kingdom, 2018; pages 87-105.