Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30127
Assessment of Socio-Cultural Sustainability: A Comparative Analysis of Two Neighborhoods in Kolkata Metropolitan Area
Abstract:To transform a space into a better livable and sustainable zone, United Nations Summit in New York 2015, has decided upon 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) that approach directly to achieve inclusive, people-centric, sustainable developments. Though sustainability has been majorly constructed by four pillars, namely, Ecological, Economic, Social and Cultural, but it is essentially reduced to economic and ecological consideration in the context of developing countries. Therefore, in most cases planning has reduced its ambit to concentrate around the tangible infrastructure, ignoring the fundamentals of socio-cultural heritage. With the accentuating hype of infrastructural augmentation, lack of emphasis of traditional concerns like ethnicity and social connection have further diluted the situation, disintegrating cultural continuity. As cultural continuity lacks its cohesion, it’s growing absence increasingly acts as a catalyst to degrade the heritage structures, spaces around and linking these structures, and the ability of stakeholders in identifying themselves rooted in that particular space. Hence, this paper will argue that sustainability depends on the people and their interaction with their surroundings, their culture and livelihood. The interaction between people and their surroundings strengthen community building and social interaction that abides by stakeholders reverting back to their roots. To assess the socio-cultural sustainability of the city of Kolkata, two study areas are selected, namely, an old settlement from the northern part of the city of Kolkata (KMA), imbued with social connection, age-old cultural and ethnic bonding and, another cluster of new high-rises coming up in the Newtown area having portions of planned city extension on the eastern side of the city itself. Whereas, Newtown prioritizes the surging post-industrial trends of economic aspiration and ecological aspects of urban sustainability; the former settlements of northern Kolkata still continue to represent the earliest community settlement of the British-colonial-cum native era and even the pre-colonial era, permeated with socio-cultural reciprocation. Thus, to compare and assess the inlayed organizational structure of both the spaces in the two cases, selected areas have been surveyed to portray their current imageability. The argument of this paper is structured in 5parts. First, an introduction of the idea has been forwarded, Secondly, a literature review has been conducted to ground the proposed ideas, Thirdly, methodology has been discussed and appropriate case study areas have been selected, Fourthly, surveys and analyses has been forwarded and lastly, the paper has arrived at a set of conclusions by suggesting a threefold development to create happy, healthy and sustainable community.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1474791Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 345
 I. C. T. C. ICOMOS, "Principles And Guidelines For Managing Tourism At Places Of Cultural And Heritage Significance," ICOMOS International Cultural Tourism Committee. 2002.
 "What is Cultural Heritage," culture in development, (Online). Available: http://www.cultureindevelopment.nl/cultural_heritage/what_is_culturalheritage. (Accessed 25 January 2018).
 UNESCO, "Intangible Heritage," UNESCO Regional Bureau for Education in Latin America and the Caribbean, 2014.
 G. S. Peruniak, "Professional Ethics, Role, and the Whole Person," in Career Development Practice in Canada: Perspectives, Principles and Professionalism., Toronto, Canadian Education and Research Institute for Counselling (CERIC), 2014, p. 124.
 "Sustainable development Goals," United Nations, (Online). Available: http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/development-agenda/. (Accessed 25 January 2018).
 RMIT, "Global sustainability: the history/time line of an idea," RMIT’s Global Sustainability, Melbourne, 2001.
 W. C. o. E. a. Development, "Our common future," Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1987.
 B. Banerjee, "Who sustains whose development? Sustainable development," Organization Studies, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 143-180, 2003.
 P. Sutton, "Sustainability: what does it mean," Green Innovations, 2000. (Online). Available: http://www.green-innovations.asn.au/sustblty.htm. (Accessed 10 February 2018).
 M. S. Christopher Tweed, "Built cultural heritage and sustainable urban development," Landscape and Urban Planning, Science direct, pp. 62-69, 2007.
 J. Jokilehto, A History of Architectural Conservation, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2002.
 S. A. C. O. United nations educational, "Intangible cultural heritage," (Online). Available: https://ich.unesco.org/en/social-practices-rituals-and-00055. (Accessed 29 January 2018).
 K. Konsa, "Heritage as a Socio-Cultural Construct: Problems of Definition," Baltic Journal of Art History, vol. 6, 2013.
 Q. Parker, "Private Sector Must Drive Cultural Tourism," The Bahama Journal, 2007.
 K. Y. D. İ. P. Dr. Ebru Günlü, "Preserving Cultural Heritage and Possible Impacts on Regional Development: Case of Izmir," www.regionalstudies.org/uploads/networks/documents/tourism...and.../gunlu.pdf.
 K. Lynch, The Image of the City. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1960., Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1960.
 A. Orbasli, Tourists in historic towns: Urban conservation and heritage management, London: London & New York: E & FN Spon, 2000.
 J. Lorinc, "Citylab," The Globe and Mail, Spacing magazine, and The Walrus., 18 January 2012. (Online). Available: https://www.citylab.com/solutions/2012/01/8-80-problem-designing-cities-young-and-old/959/. (Accessed 8 August 2016).
 J. Lorinc, "Urban Design: The American Experience," Willey and Sons, New York, 2012.
 World Health Organisation , "Global age Friendly cities: A guide," World Health Organisation , 2007.
 "Walkable cities reduce blood pressure and hypertension risk, study finds," The Guardian, 5 February 2018. (Online). Available: https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2018/feb/05/walkable-cities-reduce-blood-pressure-study-finds?CMP=share_btn_link. (Accessed 11 February 2018).
 T. Bhattacharya, A. Banerjee and J. Sen, "Urban Rejuvenation through Techno Art Intervention: A Case of Kolkata," JET, GSTF Digital Library, 2017.
 G. o. W. B. Department of Municipal Affairs, "Rajarhat-Gopalpur Municipality," Government of West Bengal, Kolkata, 2008.
 S. Chakraborty, "10.5km Wi-Fi zone in Rajarhat New Town," The Times of India, Kolkata, 2014.
 S. reporter, "New Town tax bill passed," The Telegraph, Kolkata, 2016.
 G. o. W. Bengal, "The NKDA Act," Law Department, Kolkata, 2007.