Utilizing the Analytic Hierarchy Process in Improving Performances of Blind Judo
Identifying, structuring, and racking the most important factors related to improving athletes’ performances could pave the way for improve training system. The purpose of this study was to identify the relative importance factors to improve performance of the of judo athletes with visual impairments, including blindness by using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). After reviewing the literature, the relative importance of factors affecting performance of the blind judo was selected. A group of expert reviewed the first draft of the questionnaires, and then finally selected performance factors were classified into the major categories of techniques, physical fitness, and psychological categories. Later, a pre-selected experts group was asked to review the final version of questionnaire and confirm the priories of performance factors. The order of priority was determined by performing pairwise comparisons using Expert Choice 2000. Results indicated that “grappling” (.303) and “throwing” (.234) were the most important lower hierarchy factors for blind judo skills. In addition, the most important physical factors affecting performance were “muscular strength and endurance” (.238). Further, among other psychological factors “competitive anxiety” (.393) was important factor that affects performance. It is important to offer psychological skills training to reduce anxiety of judo athletes with visual impairments and blindness, so they can compete in their optimal states. These findings offer insights into what should be considered when determining factors to improve performance of judo athletes with visual impairments and blindness.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1474686Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 281
 International Blind Sports Federation (2016). Judo. Retrieved 12/02/2018 from: http://www.ibsasport.org/sports/judo/
 Park, B. (2004) The effect of variability in practice methods on basketball skill learning of students with MR, (Unpublished master's thesis), Yongin University, Gyungkido, Korea.
 Korea Disabled Persons Guidance Association (2016). Game info. Retrieved 12/02/1028 from: http://www.kjfd.or.kr/game/g_result.php
 Hong, S. M. (2016) Development of physical fitness training program for wheelchair athletes, (Unpublished dissertation), Korea National Sport University, Seoul, Korea.
 Han, M., Kim, W., & Jo, I. (2006) The effect on choking technique of the visually impaired, The Korean Journal of Visual Impairment, 22(2), 19-29.
 Bak, J., & Lee, I. (2007). An analysis of the scoring technique types of the judo players with visual impairments and hearing impairments, Journal of Korean Society Adapted Physical activity and Exercise, 15(4), 159-177.
 Sung, J. E. (2014). Differences in specific skills based on disability types for blind judo athletes, (Unpublished master’s thesis), Korea National Sport University, Seoul, Korea.
 Jo, H. (2014). Game technique analysis of visually impaired judo players with recorded game references, (Unpublished master's thesis),Yongin University, Gyungkido, Korea.
 So, J. (2014). Developing a program of psychological skills training and its effects for the blind judo athletes, (Unpublished master's thesis), Yongin University, Gyungkido, Korea.
 Satty, T. L., (2008). Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process. International. Journal of Services Sciences, 1(1), 83-98.
 Kim, H. (2011). Priority order evaluation of selection attributes of the ski resort through AHP, Korean Journal of Physical Education, 50(5), 195-208.
 Park, B. (2002). A study for the evaluation of brand image of high-technology products using analytic hierarchy process. (Unpublished master’s thesis). Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
 Yu, K. (2010). Analysis on priority of success factors in the provincial sports event through AHP method, Korean Journal of Sport Management, 15(1), 91-102.
 Han, D. W. (2010). An application of analytic hierarchy process on the test of gross motor development-2 for 5 to 6 years old boy, Korean Society of Sport Psychology, 21(4), 41-52.
 Yoo, D., Kim, J., & Jo, S. (2010). Analysis on important factors for presenting the direction of Taekwondo demonstration team through Delphi/AHP, Journal of Korean Martial Arts. 4(1), 63-80.
 Jung, K. H. (2012). Analysis on the order of priority of invigoration factors in the sport for all through AHP method, Korean Journal of Sport Management, 17(1), 125-134.
 Park, J. K. (2016). A research on determining priorities of policies to promote horse-riding industry: applying Delphi technique and AHP, (Unpublished dissertation), Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
 Park, S.(2013). Analysis of determinant factors and development of evaluation model in Kumdo Performances using Delphi/AHP, (Unpublished dissertation), Chungbook University, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea.
 Kim, D., & Nam, J. (1995) An exercise program to enhance the performance of judo players, Korean Journal of Yongin University, 11(1). 319-342.
 Kim, G., Nam, D., & Choi, Y. (2004). Determination analysis of play performance factors with judo woman players, The Journal of Martial Arts, 14(2), 201-214.
 Park, J. (2003). Determinant analysis of play performance factors with Judo players, (Unpublished dissertation), Yongin University, Gyungkido, Korea.
 Seo, K. (2007). A study on correlation of weight class and physical fitness of middle and highschool Judo competitors, (Unpublished dissertation), Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
 Chae, H., Jang, Y., Huh, J., Park, Y., Kim, J., & Park, Y. (2007). The theory of physical fitness of Competition. Seoul, Korea; Bokyung co.
 Sharkey. B., & Gaskill. S. (2007). Fitness and Health (6th ed.), Human Kinetics Champaign, IL.