The Trend of Injuries in Building Fire in Tehran from 2002 to 2012
Analysis of fire data is a way for the implementation of any plan to improve the level of safety in cities. Such an analysis is able to reveal signs of changes in a given period and can be used as a measure of safety. The information of about 66,341 fires (from 2002 to 2012) released by Tehran Safety Services and Fire-Fighting Organization and data on the population and the number of households provided by Tehran Municipality and the Statistical Yearbook of Iran were extracted. Using the data, the fire changes, the rate of injuries, and mortality rate were determined and analyzed. The rate of injuries and mortality rate of fires per one million population of Tehran were 59.58% and 86.12%, respectively. During the study period, the number of fires and fire stations increased by 104.38% and 102.63%, respectively. Most fires (9.21%) happened in the 4th District of Tehran. The results showed that the recorded fire data have not been systematically planned for fire prevention since one of the ways to reduce injuries caused by fires is to develop a systematic plan for necessary actions in emergency situations. To determine a reliable source for fire prevention, the stages, definitions of working processes and the cause and effect chains should be considered. Therefore, a comprehensive statistical system should be developed for reported and recorded fire data.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1474662Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 565
 Tehran Municipality, in Statistical Yearbook of Tehran. 2010.
 Glossary of Wildland Fire Terminology. National Wildfire Coordinating Group. 2009.
 Holborn, P., P. Nolan, and J. Golt, An analysis of fatal unintentional dwelling fires investigated by London Fire Brigade between 1996 and 2000. Fire Safety Journal, 2003. 38(1): p. 1-42.
 Uses of NFIRS: The many uses of the National Fire Incident Reporting System. 1997.
 Karter, M.J. and J.L. Molis, US firefighter injuries-2010. 2011: National Fire Protection Association, Fire Analysis and Research Divison.
 Summary Fire Statistics, United Kingdom, 2006. 2008, Fire and Rescue Services.
 Bulletin, S., Crime and Justice Series, A National Statistics Publication for Scotland. 2011, Fire Statistics Scotland.
 The Fire and Safety Services, Tehran, fire and accident statistics Tehran (2002-2012 years), Field Studies and Planning and Information Technology. Department of Statistics and Information: Iran.
 Statistics and Computing. 2006, Statistical Yearbook Country.
 Trends & patterns of US. Fire losses in 2009. Average Direct Loss per Structure Fire: 1977-2009. 2010, NFPA.
 Tehran Fire Department, Bureau of Statistics; Official Report, Fire and Accident Facts. Tehran Fire Services Publication. 2016.
 Lizhong, Y., et al., Fire situation and fire characteristic analysis based on fire statistics of China. Fire safety journal, 2002. 37(8): p. 785-802.
 Chien, S.-W. and G.-Y. Wu, The strategies of fire prevention on residential fire in Taipei. Fire Safety Journal, 2008. 43(1): p. 71-76.
 Rosenberg, T., Statistics for fire prevention in Sweden. Fire safety journal, 1999. 33(4): p. 283-294.