Sunflower Irrigation with Two Different Types of Soil Moisture Sensors
Irrigation is one of the most important cultivation practices for each crop, especially in areas where rainfall is enough to cover the crop water needs. In such areas, the farmers must irrigate in order to achieve high economical results. The precise irrigation scheduling contributes to irrigation water saving and thus a valuable natural resource is protected. Under this point of view, in the experimental field of the Laboratory of Agricultural Hydraulics of the University of Thessaly, a research was conducted during the growing season of 2012 in order to evaluate the growth, seed and oil production of sunflower as well as the water saving, by applying different methods of irrigation scheduling. Three treatments in four replications were organized. These were: a) surface drip irrigation where the irrigation scheduling based on the Penman-Monteith (PM) method (control); b) surface drip irrigation where the irrigation scheduling based on a soil moisture sensor (SMS); and c) surface drip irrigation, where the irrigation scheduling based on a soil potential sensor (WM).
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1474383Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 326
 Caviglia, O. P., Sodrasc, V. O. and Andradeb, F. H., 2004. Intensification of agriculture in the south – eastern Pampas I. Capture and efficiency in the use of water and radiation in double – cropped wheat – soybean. Field Crops Research, 87: 117 – 129.
 Doorenbos J. and Kassan A. H., 1979. Yield Response to Water, F. A. O. Irrigation and Drainage Paper No 33 193 p.
 Haddadi, P., Yazdi-Samadi, B., Langlade, N. B., Naghovi, M. R., Berger, M. and Kalantari, A., et al (2010). Genetic control of protein, oil and fatty acids content under potential drought stress and late sowing conditions in sunflower (Hellianthus annuus). Afr J. Biotechnical, 9(40):6768-82.
 Howell, T. A., Cuenca, R. H. and Solomon, K. H. 1990. Crop yield response. In: Hoffman (ED), Management of Farm Irrigation Systems. ASAE. pp. 312s.
 Ilkilic, C. and Oner, C. (2017). Biodiesel fuel obtained from sunflower oil as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. Online Journal of Science and Technology, 7(3):12-18.
 Mitsios, Ι., Toulios, Μ., Haroulis, Α., Gatsios, F. and Floras, S. (2000) Land study and mapping of the farm of the University of Thessaly in the area of Velestino. Zymel Publications. Athens. (In Greek).
 Montgomery, C., D. and Runger, C., G. (2003) Applied statistics and probability for engineers, 3rd edn. Wiley, London, pp 468–499.
 Panda, R. K., Behera, S. K. and Kashyap, P. S. (2004). Effective management of irrigation water for maize under stressed conditions. Agric. Water Manage, 66(3):181 – 203.
 Pandy, R. K., Maranville, J. W., Admou, A. (2000). Deficit irrigation and nitrogen effects on maize in a Sahelian environment. I. Grain yield and yield components. Agric. Water Manage, 46(1), 1 – 13.
 Papanikolaou, C. and Sakellariou-Makrantonaki, M. (2012) The effect of an intelligent surface drip irrigation method on sorghum biomass, energy and water savings. Irrigation Science Journal, 31(4), 807-814.
 Sakellariou – Makrantonaki M., Kalfountzos D. and Vyrlas P., 2001. Irrigation water saving and yield increase with subsurface drip irrigation. Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of Environmental Science and Technology, 3 – 6 September, Syros, Greece, Vol. C, 466 – 473.
 Sakellariou – Makrantonaki M. and Papanikolaou C., 2008. Water saving by using modern irrigation methods. Proceedings of AgEng 2008 International Conference on Agricultural Engineering, 23 – 25 June. Hersonissos, Crete Greece, OP – 1775 (CD – ROM).
 Sakellariou-Makrantonaki, M., Papanikolaou, C. and Tzimopoulos, C. (2009) “Application of smart irrigation systems in energy plants”: Proceeding of 11th conference of Greek Hydrotechnical Association and 7th conference of Greek Scientific Water Management Committee, Volos, Greece, May 27 – 30, pp 321 – 328.
 Sakellariou-Makrantonaki, M. and Giouvanis, V. (2009) ‘Reuse of wastewater for water saving by irrigating energy plants’: Proceedings of 11th International conference on Environmental Science and Technology (CEST), Chania, Crete, Greece, September 3-5, Vol. A, pp.1224 – 1231.
 Sakellariou-Makrantonaki, M., Nakas, C. and Dimakas, D. (2013) “Application of biosolids combined with deficit irrigation to energy crop” Proceeding of 8th National conference of Agricultural Engineering, Volos, Greece, September 25 – 26, pp. 92 – 96.
 Steduto P., Hsiao T., Fereres E., Raes D., 2012. Yield Response to Water, FAO Irrigation and Drainage paper No. 66, Rome, Italy, pp 500.
 Salgin, K., Doker, O. and Calmli, A. (2006). Extraction of sunflower oil with supercritical CO2: Experiments and modeling. Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 38, 326 – 331.
 Wriedt, G., van der Velde, M., Aloe, A. and Bouraoui, F. (2009b). Estimating irrigation requirements in Europe. J. Hydrol., doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.05.018.
 https://energypress.gr/news/ilianthos-fyto-poy-paragei-oikologika-kaysima (in Greek). Accessed on 29/03/2018.