An Alternative and Complementary Medicine Method in Vulnerable Pediatric Cancer Patients: Yoga
Pediatric cancer patients experience multiple distressing, challenges, physical symptom such as fatigue, pain, sleep disturbance, and balance impairment that continue years after treatment completion. In recent years, yoga is often used in children with cancer to cope with these symptoms. Yoga practice is defined as a unique physical activity that combines physical practice, breath work and mindfulness/meditation. Yoga is an increasingly popular mind-body practice also characterized as a mindfulness mode of exercise. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of yoga intervention of children with cancer. This article planned searching the literature in this field. It has been determined that individualized yoga is feasible and provides benefits for inpatient children, improves health-related quality of life, physical activity levels, physical fitness. After yoga program, children anxiety score decreases significantly. Additionally, individualized yoga is feasible for inpatient children receiving intensive chemotherapy. As a result, yoga is an alternative and complementary medicine that can be safely used in children with cancer.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1340595Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 503
 Stam H, Grootenhuis MA, Brons PPT, Caron NH. (2006). Health‐related quality of life in children and emotional reactions of parents following completion of cancer treatment. Pediatr Blood Cancer, 47, 312–319.
 Essen LV, Enskar K, Kreuger A, Larsson B, Sjöden PO. (2000). Self-esteem, depression and anxiety among Swedish children and adole scents on and off cancer treatment. Acta Pediatr, 89, 229-36.
 Collins JJ, Byrnes ME, Dunkel IJ, Lapin J, Nadel T, Thaler HT, et al. (2000). The measurement of symptoms in children with cancer. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 19, 363-373.
 Collins JJ, Devine TD, Dick GS, Johnson EZ, Kilham HA, Pinkerton CR, et al. (2002). The measurement of symptoms in young children with cancer: The validation of the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale in children aged 7-12. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 23, 10-16.
 Wright MJ, Galea V, Barr RD. (2005). Proficiency of balance in children and youth who have had acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Physical Therapy, 85, 782-790.
 Hockenberry M. (2004). Symptom management research in children with cancer. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 21, 132-136.
 Bishop FL, Prescott P, Chan YK, Saville J, von Elm E, Lewith GT. (2010). Prevalence of complementary medicine use in pediatric cancer: a systematic review. Pediatrics, 125(4), 768-76.
 Kelly MK. (2004). Complementary and alternative medical therapies for children with cancer. European Journal of Cancer, 40, 2041–2046.
 Wahbeh H, Elsas SM, Oken BS. (2008). Mind-body interventions: applications in neurology. Neurology, 70(24), 2321–8.
 Rogers KA, MacDonald M. (2015). Therapeutic yoga: symptom management for multiple sclerosis. J Altern Complement Med, 21(11), 655–9.
 Ding D, Stamatakis E. (2014). Yoga practice in England 1997-2008: prevalence, temporal trends, and correlates of participation. BMC Res. Notes, 7, 172.
 Tindle HA, et al., (2005). Trends in use of complementary and alternative medicine by us adults: 1997-2002. Altern. Ther. Health Med., 11 (1), 42-49.
 Dariotis J K, Cluxton-Keller F, Mirabal-Beltran R, Gould L F, Greenberg MT, Mendelson T. (2016). “The program affects Me’Cause it gives away stress”: Urban students’ qualitative perspectives on stress and a school-based mindful yoga intervention. The Journal of Science and Healing,12, 443–450.
 Bhardwaj AK, Telles S. (2017). Yoga Practice in a School Setting Positively Impacts Self-esteem: A 13 Month Follow-up Study. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 61(1), 76-79.
 Rathod RV, Jiwtode MT. (2016). Effect of 4 months yoga training on handgrip strength and handgrip endurance in children at Nagpur. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5(11), 2209-2211.
 Frank FL, Kohler K, Peal A, Bose B. (2017). Effectiveness of a School-Based Yoga Program on Adolescent Mental Health and School Performance: Findings from a Randomized Controlled Trial. Mindfulness, 8(3), 544-553.
 Shivakumar DP, Suthakar S, Urs SD. (2016). Effect of Selected Yogic Exercises on Cardiovascular Endurance and Lung Capacity of Secondary School Children. International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing, 6(6), 7286-7289.
 Butzer B, LoRusso A, Shin HS, Khalsa SBS. (2017). Evaluation of Yoga for Preventing Adolescent Substance Use Risk Factors in a Middle School Setting: A Preliminary Group-Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(3), 603-632.
 Galantino M, Galbavy R, Quinn L. (2008). Therapeutic effects of yoga for children: A systematic review of the literature. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 20, 66-80.
 Moody K, Abrahams B, Baker R, Santizo, R., Manwani, D., Carullo, V., Eugenio, D. A Randomized Trial of Yoga for Children Hospitalized with Sickle Cell Vaso-Occlusive Crisis. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2017, 53(6), 1026-1034.
 Sotoode MS, Arabameri E, Panahibakhsh M, Kheiroddin F, Mirdoozandeh H, Ghanizandeh H. (2017). Effectiveness of yoga training program on the severity of autism. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 28, 47-53.
 Mcnamara C, Johnson M, Read L, Velden HV,Thygeson M, Liu M, Gandrud L, McNamaraJ. (2016). Yoga Therapy in Children with Cystic Fibrosis Decreases Immediate Anxiety and Joint Pain. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9429504.
 Thygeson MV, Hooke MC, Clapsaddle J, Robbins A, Moquist K. (2010). Peaceful Play Yoga: Serenity and Balance for Children with Cancer and Their Parents. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 27(5), 276–284.
 Geyer R, Lyons A, Amazeen L, Alishio L, Cooks L. (2011). Feasibility Study: The Effect of Therapeutic Yoga on Quality of Life in Children Hospitalized with Cancer. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 23(4), 375–379.
 Hooke MC, Gilchrist L, Foster L, Langevin M, Lee J. (2016). Yoga for Children and Adolescents After Completing Cancer Treatment.J Pediatr Oncol Nurs.,33(1), 64-73.
 Diorio C, Schechter T, Lee M, O’Sullivan C, Hesser T, Tomlinson D, et al. (2015). A pilot study to evaluate the feasibility of individualized yoga for inpatient children receiving intensive chemotherapy. BMC Complement Altern Med, 15(2), 2-6.
 Birdee GS, Yeh GY, Wayne PM, Phillips RS, Davis RB, Gardiner P. (2009). Clinical applications of yoga for the pediatric population: A systematic review. Acad. Pediatr, 9, 212–220.
 Sotoodeh MS, Arabameri E, Panahibakhsh M, Kheiroddin F, Mirdoozandeh H, Ghanizadeh A. (2017). Effectiveness of yoga training program on the severity of autism. Complement Ther Clin Pract., 28, 47-53.
 Chou C, Huang C. Effects of an 8-week yoga program on sustained attention and discrimination function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. PeerJhttps://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2883.
 Das M, Deepeshwar S, Subramanya P, Manjunath NK. (2016). Influence of Yoga-Based Personality Development Program on Psychomotor Performance and Self-efficacy in School Children. Frontiers in Pediatrics, 4, 1-8.
 Thygeson MV, Hooke MC, Clapsaddle J, Robbins A, Moquist K. (2010). Peaceful Play Yoga: Serenity and Balance for Children with Cancer and Their Parents. J Pediatr Oncol Nurs., 27(5), 276-84.