Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32731
Phenotypic Characterization of the Zebu Cattle in Tajikistan

Authors: A. Norezzine, N. Y. Rebouh, M. Souadkia, D. Parpura, A. Gadzhikurbanov, E. A. Gladyr, P. M. Klenovitsky, A. A. Nikishov, A. Dranidis


This article deals with the genetic characteristics of samples Schwyz-zebu cattle from three farms of the Republic of Tajikistan on 10 microsatellite markers (STS). Hence, the present study was carried out to evaluate the heterozygosity in the population and to characterize this breed by identifying DNA markers using microstatellites. Microsatellites often have multiple alleles and may have heterozygosity frequencies of 70% or more. This makes them highly informative for genetic analysis. A total of ten microsatellite primers were used for microsatellite analysis in genomic DNA of Zebu cattle. The amplified products were analysed for polymorphic alleles and their frequencies. The resulting information can be used in dealing with the conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources of the Tajik Schwyz-zebu cattle.

Keywords: DNA, gene pool, Schwyz-zebu cattle, microsatellite loci.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 806


[1] E. Elander, Alm. Lundgren, B. Malbert et U. G. Sandstrôm. 2005. «Biodiversity in urban governance and planning: Examples from Swedish cities». Planning TheO/y and Practiee, vol. 6, no 3, pp. 283-301.
[2] M. Gulov I.. Food supply of the Republic of Tajikistan: Author's abstract. dis. Doct. econ. Sciences. -М, 2011. –p 38.
[3] V. A. Bagirov, L. K. Ernst, S. N. Nasibov, P. M.K lenovitsky, B. C. Iolchiev., N. A. Zinovieva. Conservation of biodiversity of fauna and use of remote hybridization in cattle breeding // Achievements of a science and engineering of agrarian and industrial complex. 2009. № 7. pp. 54-56.
[4] S. N. Nasibov, V.A. Bagirov, P.M. Klenovitsky, B.S. Iolchiev, N.A. Zinovieva, V.A. Voevodin Conservation and rational use of the snow sheep gene pool // Achievements of science and technology of the agroindustrial complex. 2010. № 12. pp. 63-65.
[5] S. G. Lumbunov, T.N. Khamiruyev, S.B. Yeshizhamsoeva, Z.G. Bolotova Hybridization of Simmental cattle with zebu in the conditions of Buryatia // Ulan-Ude: Izd. VR Filippova, 2011. - 114 p.
[6] D. K. Satarov, L. P. Motorygina, V. F.. Abramov, N. A. Kuznetsova Recommendations for the further improvement and use of the Tajik type of shvisezebuvennogo livestock in the main areas of its breeding (Kurgantyubinskaya oblast) / / Recommendations on the selection and technology of cattle breeding in Tajikistan. - Dushanbe, 1987. - pp. 3-17.
[7] N. I. Krivtsov, E. A. Gladyr, V. V. Volkova, M. S. Fornara, V. I. Lebedev, N. A. Zinovieva. Characteristics of the allele fund of three breeds of the honey bee in Russia using microsatellites // Problems of the biology of productive animals. - 2011. - No. 1. - pp. 41-45.
[8] N. A. Zinovieva, E. I. Sizareva, E. A. Gladyr, N. V. Proskurina, K. M. Shavyrina Some aspects of the use of microsatellites in pig production // Advances in science and technology of agroindustrial complex. - 2010. - No. 8. - pp. 38-41.
[9] V. I. Fisinin, E. A. Gladyr, V. V. Volkova, A. A. Sevastyanova,N. A. Zinovieva Analysis of the genetic structure of breeds of domestic chickens using microsatellite markers // Problems of the biology of productive animals. - 2011. - No. 1. - pp. 68-72.V.
[10] E. A. Gladyr, N. A. Zinovieva, G. Brem. Characteristics of the gene pool and the establishment of genealogical relationships between Russian sheep breeds using DNA microsatellites // Reports of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences. - 2004. - No. 2. - pp. 26-29.
[11] A. Bagirov, S. N. Nasibov, P. M. Klenovitsky, S. A. Lesin, V. A. Voevodin, N. A. Zinovieva, Ernst LK, V.V. Kalashnikov, V. A. Soloshenko. Conservation and rational use of the gene pool of animals // Reports of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences. - 2010. - No. 2. - pp. 37-40.
[12] E. A. Gladyr, N. A. Zinovieva, V. A. Bagirov, F. S. Amirshoev, V. V Volkova, P. M. Klenovitsky, A. P. Karpov, Ernst LK Use of microsatellites to characterize the allele fund of cattle populations in Tajikistan // Achievements of science and technology of agro-industrial complex. 2012. № 8. pp. 58-62.
[14] B. Weir. Analysis of genetic data. - Moscow: Mir, 1995. - 319 p .
[15] D. Paetkau, R. Slade, M. Burdens, A. Estoup, Genetic assignment methods for the direct, real-time estimation of the migration rate: Molecular Ecology. - 2004. - 13. - pp.n55-65.
[16] R. Peakall, P. E. Smouse. GENALEX 6: genetic analysis in Excel. Population genetic software for teaching and research. //. 31. Molecular Ecology Notes, 2006, 6, 288-295. V. GENALEX 6.4 UTR: GENALEX6.4_documntation.pdf, 19.12.2010).
[17] N. A. Zinoviev, N. I. Strekozov, L. A. Molofeeva 32. Evaluation of the role of DNA microsatellites in the genetic characteristic of the population of black-and-white cattle. Zootechny. - 2009. - No. 1. - pp. 2-4.
[18] F. Tajima, Y. Tateno, M. Nei. Accuracy of estimated phylogenetic trees from molecular data // J. Mol. Evol. - 1983. - 19. - P. 153-17.