Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30135
Four Decades of Greek Artistic Presence in Paris (1970-2010): Theory and Interpretation

Authors: Sapfo A. Mortaki

Abstract:

This article examines the presence of Greek immigrant artists (painters and sculptors) in Paris during 1970-2010. The aim is to highlight their presence in the French capital through archival research in the daily and periodical press as well as present the impact of their artistic activity on the French intellectual life and society. At the same time, their contribution to the development of cultural life in Greece becomes apparent. The integration of those migrant artists into an environment of cultural coexistence and the understanding of the social phenomenon of their migration, in the context of postmodernity, are being investigated. The cultural relations between the two countries are studied in the context of support mechanisms, such as the Greek community, cultural institutions, museums and galleries. The recognition of the Greek artists by the French society and the social dimension in the context of their activity in Paris, are discussed in terms of the assimilation theory. Since the 1970s, and especially since the fall of the dictatorship in Greece, in opposition to the prior situation, artists' contacts with their homeland have been significantly enhanced, with most of them now travelling to Paris, while others work in parallel in both countries. As a result, not only do the stages of the development of their work through their pursuits become visible, but, most importantly, the artistic world becomes informed about the multifaceted expression of art through the succession of various contemporary currents. Thus, the participation of Greek artists in the international cultural landscape is demonstrated.

Keywords: Artistic migration, cultural impact, Greek artists, postmodernity, theory of assimilation.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1317220

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 299

References:


[1] S. Pappa, “Those who do not believe in revolution are those who did not believe in the car in 1980”, in The Years of Dispute, the Art of ’70 in Greece, B. Papadopoulou, Ed., Athens: State Museum for Contemporary Art, 2006, p. 216.
[2] D. Zacharopoulos, “People and Places: The Art “Beyond Boundaries” in Post-War Europe”, in Art in Europe since 1945. Beyond Boundaries, exhibition catalogue, Athens: Macedonian Museum of Contemporary Art, 2014, pp. 25-26.
[3] S. Mortaki, Art and Politics. Greek Artists in Post-war Paris, Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing, 2016, p. 27.
[4] A. Charalambidis, A. (1995). Art of the twentieth century. The post-war period., vol. III. Thessaloniki: University Studio Press, 1995, p. 56.
[5] M. Oikonomou, The movement of ideas in France and its appeal to the Greek artists who lived in this country during the period of 1950-1970, Athens: Livanis, 2008, p. 91.
[6] A. Xydis, Suggestions to the History of Modern Greek Art, vol. B. Agents and problems, Athens, 1976, p. 224.
[7] S. Mortaki, The migration of Greek artists in Paris from the 19th to the 20th century. The case of Constantine Andreou, Athens: Papazisis, 2014, pp. 189, 193.
[8] E. Mavrommatis, E. (1985). Introductory chapters in modern Greek art. The Greek artists in France. 1960: matter and gesture, system and concept. 1980: historic recapitulations, exhibition catalogue, Rhodes: Municipal Gallery, 1985, p. 11, 19.
[9] D. Zacharopoulos, Beltsios Collection. The Pioneers: a View of Art in Greece in the Second Half of the 20th Century, Athens: futura, 2003, p. 435.
[10] L. Ventoura, Migration and Social Borders. Procedures of Assimilation, Integration or Exclusion, Athens: Nisos, 2011, pp. 19-20.
[11] T. Spiteris, “The activity of Greek artists abroad”, Chroniko, vol. 74, September 1973-August 1974, p. 143.
[12] Bulletin d’information de la Communauté Hellénique de Paris et des environs, no. 19, September/October 2002, p. 2.
[13] Bulletin d’information…, no. 8, November/December 2000, p. 2.
[14] Bulletin d’information …, no. 6, August/September 2000, p. 4-6.
[15] Bulletin d’information …, no. 20, November 2002, p. 8-9.
[16] Bulletin d’information …, no. 23, May/June 2003, p. 11.
[17] Bulletin d’information …, no. 24, October/November 2003, p. 6-7.
[18] Bulletin d’information …, no. 31, October/November 2004, p. 4-5.
[19] Bulletin d’information …, no. 34, March 2005, p. 7.
[20] Bulletin d’information …, no. 45, May 2006, p. 6-7.
[21] E. Fili, Ed., The Greek Foundation on the international university campus in Paris. Place of life – place of memory: Testimonies of student years, Paris: Fondation Hellénique, 2007, p. 15.
[22] D. Iliopoulou-Rogan, “Four young Greek artists exhibit in Paris”, ANTI, vol. 46, 1976.
[23] M. Douka, Ed., Anniversary Yearbook for the 28 Years of the Hellenic Cultural Centre, Paris: Leventis Foundation, 2002.
[24] Kathimerini, 20/03/1976.
[25] E. Varopoulou, Avgi, 28/06/1976.
[26] Interview with Ms Seta Theodoridou in the Hellenic House in Paris, 9 rue Mensil, 05/10/2017.
[27] N. Loizidi, “The years of dispute of the greek paradox”, in The Years of Dispute, the Art of ’70 in Greece, B. Papadopoulou, Ed., Athens: State Museum for Contemporary Art, 2006, p. 206.
[28] N. Daskalothanasis, “Between ’60 and ’80: the transitional art of a transitional decade”, in The Years of Dispute, the Art of ’70 in Greece, B. Papadopoulou, Ed., Athens: State Museum for Contemporary Art, 2006, p. 211.
[29] Th. Moutsopoulos, “Painting II, the last two decades of the 20th century”, in Painting II, European Artistic Synergies, 1980-2000, exhibition catalogue, Ch. Sotiropoulou, Ed., Athens: Fryssiras Museum, 2014, p. 9.
[30] E. Strouza, Emfietzoglou Colletion: Modern and Contemporary Greek Art, Athens: P. S. Emfietzoglou, 1999, p. 45.
[31] X. Skarpia Heupel, “Art in Europe since 1945: Encounters of Creative Freedom”, in Art in Europe since 1945. Beyond Boundaries, exhibition catalogue, Athens: Macedonian Museum of Contemporary Art, 2014, p. 12.
[32] T. Spiteris, “Exhibitions abroad”, Chroniko, v. 81, September 1980-August 1981, p. 141.
[33] Centre Culturel Hellénique, La Rue, Dix Peintres Contemporains, Du 6 au 23 Mai 1987, exhibition catalogue, Salle Polyvalente de la Roquette.
[34] H. Foster, R. Krauss, Y. A. Bois & B. Buchloh, Art since 1900. Modernism, Antimodernism, Postmodernism, Athens and Thessaloniki: Epikentro, 2009, p. 625.
[35] R. Gaki-Panteli, Sima, July/August 1991.
[36] E. Mavrommatis, in Dialogues, Artistes de la Collection de l’Institut Français de Thessalonique, Palais d’Iéna, exhibition catalogue, Paris : Conseil Economique et Social, 1993.
[37] Délégation Permanente de la Grèce Auprès de l’O.E.C.D., Exposition de Sculptures et de Peintures d’Artistes Grecs, exhibition catalogue, Paris, 1994 and 1995.
[38] Ι. Kolokotronis, Art in Transition. The Artist’s Will and the Artwork, Athens: Nireas, 2000, pp. 91-99.
[39] Ι. Kolokotronis, New Greek Art 1974-2004, Xanthi: Foundation of Thracian Art and Tradition, 2007, p. 20.
[40] Th. Moutsopoulos, “Painting III, painting in the beginning of this century”, in Painting III, European Artistic Synergies, 2000-2015, exhibition catalogue, Ch. Sotiropoulou, Ed., Athens: Fryssiras Museum, 2014, p. 20.
[41] A. Kafetsi, Ed., Politics of Art, exhibition catalogue, Athens: State Museum for Contemporary Art, 2010, p. 34.
[42] Eleftherotypia, 25/03/2000.
[43] Eleftheri Ora, 26/04/2000; Adesmeftos, 04/05/2000.
[44] Eleftheria Larisas, 23/05/2000; Athens News, 23/05/2000
[45] Le Figaro, 20/06/2000.
[46] Ethnos, 11/06/2000.
[47] Gallery Guide, vol. 20, April/June 1995.
[48] Le Figaro, 18/04/1995.
[49] M. Papanikolaou, Greek Art of the 20th Century. Painting-Sculpture, Thessaloniki: Vanias, 2006, p. 238.
[50] Institut Française de Grèce, 50 ans, 22 Artistes Grecs boursiers anciens de la Gouvernement Française, exhibition catalogue, 19/12/1988-20/01/1989.
[51] “Exhibition of Greek art in Paris”, Ta Nea, 04/09/1978; E. Psyrrakis, “Contemporary Greek art in Paris”, Apogevmatini, 09/11/1978; “Exhibition of Greek art in Paris”, Ta Nea, 11/11/1978; T. Spiteris, “Exhibitions abroad”, Chroniko, vol. 79, September 1978-August 1979, p. 88.
[52] A. Xydis, “Ν.Ε.Τ. (εσ)-Ν.Ε.Τ. (εξ)”, ANTI, 26-27/1975, pp. 57-58.