Modeling Influence on Petty Corruption Attitudes
Corruption is an influential and widespread problem. One part of it is so-called petty corruption, related to large-scale bribe giving by ordinary citizens trying to influence the works of public administration or public services. As it is with all means of corruption, petty corruption is related to the level of democracy (or administration efficiency) in a society. The developed model captures some of the factors related to corruptive behavior, as well as people’s attitude towards petty corruption. It has four basic elements: user’s perception of corruption in the society of interest, the influence of social interactions, the influence of penalizing mechanism, and influence of campaigns against petty corruption. The model is agent-based, developed in NetLogo, with a lot of random settings that provide a wider scope of responses. Interactions of different settings for variables of elements provide insight into the influence of each element on attitude towards petty corruption, as well as petty corruptive behavior.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1317152Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 715
 World Bank. Poverty Reduction and Economic Management. “Helping Countries Combat Corruption – The Role of the World Bank”. Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network, World Bank, 1997.
 World Bank. “World Development Report 1997: The State in a Changing World”. New York: Oxford University Press. © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5980 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
 Criminal Law Convention on Corruption, Council of Europe, European Treaty Series - No. 173, Strasbourg, 27.I.1999.
 Liu, Xizi. "A Literature Review on the Definition of Corruption and Factors Affecting the Risk of Corruption." Open Journal of Social Sciences, 4 (2016): 171-177.
 A. Lambert-Mogiliansky, M. Majumdar, R. Radner. "Petty corruption: A game-theoretic approach." International Journal of Economic Theory 4, 2008, pp. 273–297 C IAET.
 M. Shkaratan. “Bosnia and Herzegovina Diagnostic Surveys of Corruption”, Prepared at the request of the Governments of Bosnia and Herzegovina by the World Bank. 2000.
 GAN Business Anti-Corruption Portal. Bosnia & Herzegovina Corruption Report © Gan Integrity Inc. 2016.
 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, “Corruption in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bribery as experienced by the population”. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Vienna, 2011.
 E. Bonabeau, “Agent-Based Modeling: Methods and Techniques for Simulating Human Systems.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99.Suppl 3 (2002): 7280–7287. PMC. Web. 29 Feb. 2017.
 Wilensky, U. & Stroup, W., 1999. HubNet. Center for Connected Learning and Computer-Based Modeling, Northwestern University. Evanston, IL. http://ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo/hubnet.html.