Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31097
Improvement to Pedestrian Walkway Facilities to Enhance Pedestrian Safety-Initiatives in India
Abstract:Deteriorating quality of the pedestrian environment and the increasing risk of pedestrian crashes are major concerns for most of the cities in India. The recent shift in the priority to motorized transport and the abating condition of existing pedestrian facilities can be considered as prime reasons for the increasing pedestrian related crashes in India. Bengaluru City – the IT capital hub of the nation is not much different from this. The increase in number of pedestrian crashes in Bengaluru reflects the same. To resolve this issue and to ensure safe, sustainable and pedestrian friendly sidewalks, Govt. of Karnataka, India has implemented newfangled pedestrian sidewalks popularized programme named Tender S.U.R.E. (Specifications for Urban Road Execution) projects. Tender SURE adopts unique urban street design guidelines where the pedestrians are given prime preference. The present study presents an assessment of the quality and performance of the pedestrian side walk and the walkability index of the newly built pedestrian friendly sidewalks. Various physical and environmental factors affecting pedestrian safety are identified and studied in detail. The pedestrian mobility is quantified through Pedestrian Level of Service (PLoS) and the pedestrian walking comfort is measured by calculating the Walkability Index (WI). It is observed that the new initiatives taken in reference to improving pedestrian safety have succeeded in Bengaluru by attaining a level of Service of ‘A’ and with a good WI score.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1316381Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1388
 Road Accidents in India. Ministry of Road Transport and Highway, 2015, Government of India, New Delhi.
 Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India. New Delhi: National Crime Records Bureau, NCRB 2015, Ministry of Home Affairs, India.
 Mohan, D., G. Tiwari, and K. Bhalla. “Road Safety in India”, Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme (TRIPP), New Delhi, India, 2015.
 Road Accident Statistics, Bengaluru City Traffic Police, 2017.
 Geometric Design Standards for Urban Roads in Plain. Indian Roads Congress IRC-86, 1983, New Delhi, India.
 Vertical Curves for Highways, Indian Roads Congress IRC:SP:23-1983 New Delhi, India.
 Fruin, J. J. Designing for Pedestrians: A Level of Service Concept. In Highway Research Record 355, HRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1971, pp. 1–15.
 Polus, A., J. L. Schofer, and A. Ushpiz. Pedestrian Flow and Level of Service. Journal of Transportation Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 109, No. 1, 1983, pp. 46–56.
 Tanaboriboon, Y., and J. A. Guyano. Level-of-Service Standards for Pedestrian Facilities in Bangkok: A Case Study. ITE Journal, Vol. 59, No. 11, 1989, pp. 39–41.
 Quality/Level of Service Handbook. Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, 2009.
 Môri, M., and H. Tsukaguchi. A New Method for Evaluation of Level of Service in Pedestrian Facilities. Transportation Research Part A, Vol. 21, No. 3, 1987, pp. 223–234.
 Muraleetharan, T., T. Adachi, T. Hagiwara, and S. Kagaya. Method to Determine Overall Level-of-Service of Pedestrian Walkways Based on Total Utility Value. Journal of Infrastructure Planning Review, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2005, pp. 685–693.
 Huang T. H., Chen-Jr C.: Modeling Level of Service on Pedestrian Environment, Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 7, 2007.
 Landis, Bruce, et al.: Modeling the Roadside Walking Environment: A Pedestrian Level of Service, Transportation Research Board 1773, Washington DC, 2001.
 Tan D, Wang W, Lu J, Bian Y.: Research on Methods of Assessing Pedestrian Level of Service for Sidewalk, Journal of Transportation Systems Engineering and Information Technology, Volume 7, 2007.
 TRB: Highway Capacity Manual, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, 2000.
 Bandara, S., S. C. Wirasinghe, D. Gurofsky, and P. Chan. 1994. Gradeseparated pedestrian circulation systems. Transportation Research Record 1438: 59-66.
 Bradshaw, C. 1993. Creating and using a rating system for neighborhood walkability: Towards an agenda for ‘‘local heroes.’’ Paper presented at the 14th International Pedestrian Conference, Boulder, CO.
 Dixon, L. 1996. Bicycle and pedestrian level of service performance measures and standards for congestion management systems. Transportation Research Record 1538: 1-9.
 Sankaran Marisamynathan and S. Lakshmi, “Method to determine pedestrian level of service for sidewalks in Indian context”, The International Journal of Transportation Research, Transportation Letters, 2016, pp. 1-8.
 Highway Capacity Manual, Transportation Research Board (TRB): National Research Council. Washington, DC, 2010.
 Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities. Indian Road Congress IRC 103- 2012, New Delhi,
 Development of Indian Highway Capacity Manual (Indo-HCM), Capacity Estimation of Pedestrian Facility (WP-7), 2016, unpublished.
 Study on Traffic and Transportation Policies and Strategies in Urban Areas in India, 2008, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India.