Implementation of ALD in Product Development: Study of ROPS to Improve Energy Absorption Performance Using Absorption Part
Product development is a big issue in the industrial competition and takes a serious part in development of technology. Product development process could adapt high changes of market needs and transform into engineering concept in order to produce high-quality product. One of the latest methods in product development is Analysis-Led-Design (ALD). It utilizes digital engineering design tools with finite analysis to perform product robust analysis and valuable for product reliability assurance. Heavy machinery which operates under severe condition should maintain safety to the customer when faced with potential hazard. Cab frame should able to absorb the energy while collision. Through ALD, a series of improvement of cab frame to increase energy absorption was made and analyzed. Improvement was made by modifying shapes of frame and-or install absorption device in certain areas. Simulation result showed that install absorption device could increase absorption energy than modifying shape.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1316261Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 439
 Johnson, A, F. 1973. Bending and torsion of anisotropic beams. International Journal of Solids Structure, vol. 9, pp. 527-551.
 Kecman, D. 1983. Bending collapse of rectangular ans squares section tubes. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, vol. 25, pp. 623-636.
 Wierzbicki, T., Recke, L., Abramowicz, W., & Gholami, T. 1994. Stress profiles in thin-walled prismatic column subjected to crush loading-I, Compression. Journal of Computers and Structures, vol. 51, pp. 611-623.
 Wierzbicki, T., Recke, L., Abramowicz, W., Gholami, T., & Huang, J. 1994. Stress profiles in thin-walled prismatic column subjected to crush loading-II, Bending. Journal of Computers and Structures, vol. 51, pp. 625-641.
 Kim, T, H., & Reid, S, R. 2001. Bending collapse of thin-walled rectangular section clumns. Journal of Computers and Structures, vol. 79, pp. 1897-1911.
 Chi, K, S., & Lin, T, H. 1977. Slope-deflection method for elastic-plastic multistory frames. International Journal of Solids Structure, vol. 13, pp. 125.135.
 Adachi, T., Tomiyama, A., Araki, W., Yamaji, A. 2008. Energy absorption of a thin-walled cylinder with ribs subjected to axial impact. International Journal of Impact Engineering, Vol. 35, no. 2, p. 65-79.
 Haruyama, S., Muhamad, A, K., kaminishi, K., & Chen, D, H. 2013. Modes of collapse of compress-expand member under axial loading. Journal of World Academy of Science, engineering and Technology, vol. 7, pp. 550-557.
 Haruyama, S., Tanaka, H., Chen, D, H. & Muhamad, A, K. 2012. Study on the deformation modes of an axially crushed compact impact absorption member. Journal of World Academy of Science, engineering and Technology, vol. 6, pp. 1105-1113.
 ISO3471. 2008. Earth-moving machinery roll-over protective structures laboratory tests and performance requirements. International Organization for Standardization, Geneva.
 SAE. 2009. Roll-Over Protection Structures (ROPS) for wheeled agricultural tractors. SAEJ2194. SAE International.
 Chen, C., Wang, G., Zhang, Y., & Si, J. 2012. Effect of lateral stiffness coefficient of loader ROPS on human injury in a lateral rollover incident. Journal of Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 207-219.
 Kim, T, H., & Reid, S, R. 2001. Multiaxial softening hinge model for tubular vehicle roll-over protective structures. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, vol. 43, pp. 2147-2170.
 Haruyama, S., Muhamad, A, K., Kyoutani, T., Chen, D, H., & Kaminishi, K. 2013. Implementing ALD in product development: The effect of geometrical dimensions on tubular member deformation. Journal of World Academy of Science, engineering and Technology, vol. 7, pp. 1114-1118.
 Khorsandi, F., Ayers, P, D., & Truster, T, J. 2017. Developing and evaluating a finite element model for predicting the two-post rollover protective structure nonlinear behavior using SAE J2194 static test. Biosystem engineering, Vol. 156, pp. 96-107.
 OEEC. 1959. OEEC Standard code for the official testing of agricultural and forestry tractors. Paris, France: Organization for the European Economic Co-operation.
 Masuda, K., Chen, D, H., & Ozaki, S. 2009. Study on pure bending collapse of square tubes in consideration of work-hardening effect (Japanese version). The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, vol. 75, pp. 13-20.
 Shinohara, M., Chen, D, H., & Ozaki, S. 2009. Numerical study of axial crushing characteristic for square tube (Japanese version). The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, vol. 6-4, pp. 191-192.
 Haruyama, S., Darmawan, Z., & Kaminishi, K. 2017. Study on bending characteristic of square tube using energy absorption part. Journal of World Academy of Science, engineering and Technology, vol. 11-4, pp. 885-891.
 SAE J1040. 1994. Performance criteria for Rollover Protective Structures (ROPS) for construction, Earthmoving, Forestry, and Mining machines. Washington. The Executive Director Office of The Federal Register the United States of America.