Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31532
Effect on the Performance of the Nano-Particulate Graphite Lubricant in the Turning of AISI 1040 Steel under Variable Machining Conditions
Abstract:Technological advancements in the development of cutting tools and coolant/lubricant chemistry have enhanced the machining capabilities of hard materials under higher machining conditions. Generation of high temperatures at the cutting zone during machining is one of the most important and pertinent problems which adversely affect the tool life and surface finish of the machined components. Generally, cutting fluids and solid lubricants are used to overcome the problem of heat generation, which is not effectively addressing the problems. With technological advancements in the field of tribology, nano-level particulate solid lubricants are being used nowadays in machining operations, especially in the areas of turning and grinding. The present investigation analyses the effect of using nano-particulate graphite powder as lubricant in the turning of AISI 1040 steel under variable machining conditions and to study its effect on cutting forces, tool temperature and surface roughness of the machined component. Experiments revealed that the increase in cutting forces and tool temperature resulting in the decrease of surface quality with the decrease in the size of nano-particulate graphite powder as lubricant.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1315810Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 631
 Dilbagh Singh and Rao P. V., Improvement in Surface Quality With Solid Lubrication in Hard Turning, Proceedings of the world congress on Engineering, Volume III, July 2008.
 Konig W., Komanduri R, Tonshoff H.K and Ackershott G, Machining of hard materials, Annals of the CIRP, Volume 33, Number 2, 1984, pp. 417 – 427.
 Sashidhara Y. M. and Jayaram S. R, Vegetable oils as a potential cutting fluid-An evolution, Tribology International, Volume 43, 2010, pp. 1073-1081.
 Cakir O., Yardimeden A., Ozben T. and Kilickap E., Selection of cutting fluids in machining processes, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, Volume 25, Issue 2, Dec. 2007, pp. 99-102.
 Wang B. and Tao D., Characteristic study of Biodegradable Soyabean Oil, Proceedings Of World Tribology Congress III, Washington DC, Sept.2005, pp. 12 -16.
 Inasaki I., Toenshoff H. K. and Howes T.D., Abrasive machining in the future, Annals of CIRP, Volume 42, Number 2 ,1993, pp. 723–732.
 Bagchi H., Mukharjee N. P. and Basu S. K., Investigation of metal cutting using molybdenum disulphide as a cutting fluid, Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, 1972, pp.239 – 243.
 Lathkar G. S. and Basu S. K., Clean Metal cutting process using solid lubricants, Proceedings of 19th AIMTDR Conference, IIT Madras, Narosa Publishing Home, 2000, pp.15 – 31.
 Rao D. N. and Krishna P. V., The influence of solid lubricant particle size on machining parameters in turning, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacturing, Volume 48, 2008, pp. 107-111.
 Venu Gopal Anne and Venkateswara Rao P., Selection of optimum conditions for maximum material Removal rate with surface finish and damage as constraints in SiC grinding, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, Volume 43,2003, pp. 1327-1336.
 Shaji S. and Radhakrishnan V., An investigation on surface grinding using graphite as lubricant, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, Volume 42, 2002, pp. 733-740.
 Reddy N. S. K. and Rao P. V, Experimental investigation to study the effect of solid lubricants on cutting forces and surface quality in end milling, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacturing, Volume 46, 2006, pp. 189-198.
 Ramana S. V., Ramji K. and Satyanarayana B., Influence of nano- level variation of solid lubricant particle size in the machining of AISI 1040 steel, International Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation, Volume 2, Number 1, 2011, pp. 16-28.
 Ramana S.V., Ramji K. and Satyanarayana B., Studies on the behaviour of green particulate fluid lubricant in its nano regime when machining AISI 1040 steel, Proceedings of. IMechE, Volume 224, Journal of Engineering Manufacture,2010, pp. 1491 – 1501
 Kabir M. A., Higgs C.F. and Lovell M.R., A pin-on-disk experimental study on a green particulate-fluid lubricant, Journal of Tribology, Volume 130, 2008, pp. 1131-1137.
 Venkatesh V.C. and Chandrasekaran H., Experimental Methods in Metal Cutting, Prentice Hall of India Ltd., 1982.
 Boud F., Bar diameter as an influencing factor on temperature in turning, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, Volume 47, 2007, pp. 223 – 228.
 Syam Sundar L. and Sharma K.V., Thermal conductivity enhancement of nanoparticles in distilled Water, International Journal of Nanoparticles, Volume1, No.1, 2008, pp. 66 -77.
 Rahman M. M., Khan M. M. A. and Dhar N. R., An experimental investigation into the effect of minimum quality lubricant on cutting temperature for machinability of AISI 9310 steel alloy, European Journal of Scientific Research, 2009, Volume 29, Number 4, pp.502-508.
 Vamsi Krishna P and Rao D.N., Performance evaluation of solid lubricants in terms of machining parameters in turning, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 2008, Volume 48 Number 10, pp. 131-1137.
 Mukhopadhyay Deep, Banerjee Sankha and Suresh Kumar Reddy N., Investigation to Study the Applicability of Solid Lubricant in Turning AISI 1040 steel, Transactions of the ASME, Volume129,2007, pp. 520-526.
 Shaji S. and Radhakrishnan V., Analysis of process parameters in surface grinding with graphite as lubricant based on the Taguchi method, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 14, Number 1, 2003, pp. 51–59.
 Lovell M. and Higgs C. F., A Novel Particulate-Fluid Lubrication for Environmentally Benign Forming Processes, World Tribology Congress, 2005, pp. 829-830.
 Chinas-Castillo F. and Spikes H. A., Mechanism of action of colloidal solid dispersions, Transactions of ASME, Volume 125, 2003, pp. 552–557.
 Sreejith, P. S.; Ngoi, B. K. A., 2000, Dry machining: of the future, Journal of Material Processing Technology, Volume 101, pp. 287 - 291.