Systems Engineering and Project Management Process Modeling in the Aeronautics Context: Case Study of SMEs
The aeronautics sector is currently living an unprecedented growth largely due to innovative projects. In several cases, such innovative developments are being carried out by Small and Medium sized-Enterprises (SMEs). For instance, in Europe, a handful of SMEs are leading projects like airships, large civil drones, or flying cars. These SMEs have all limited resources, must make strategic decisions, take considerable financial risks and in the same time must take into account the constraints of safety, cost, time and performance as any commercial organization in this industry. Moreover, today, no international regulations fully exist for the development and certification of this kind of projects. The absence of such a precise and sufficiently detailed regulatory framework requires a very close contact with regulatory instances. But, SMEs do not always have sufficient resources and internal knowledge to handle this complexity and to discuss these issues. This poses additional challenges for those SMEs that have system integration responsibilities and that must provide all the necessary means of compliance to demonstrate their ability to design, produce, and operate airships with the expected level of safety and reliability. The final objective of our research is thus to provide a methodological framework supporting SMEs in their development taking into account recent innovation and institutional rules of the sector. We aim to provide a contribution to the problematic by developing a specific Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) approach. Airspace regulation, aeronautics standards and international norms on systems engineering are taken on board to be formalized in a set of models. This paper presents the on-going research project combining Systems Engineering and Project Management process modeling and taking into account the metamodeling problematic.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1315743Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1151
 P. Muller, D. Devnani, J. Julius, D. Gagliardi, and C. Marzocchi, ‘Annual Report on European SMEs’, Nov. 2016.
 EUROCAE ED-79/SAE, ARP4754A: Guidelines for Development of Civil Aircraft and Systems - SAE International. 2010.
 SAE, ARP4761: Guidelines and Methods for Conducting the Safety Assessment Process on Civil Airborne Systems and Equipment - SAE International. 1996.
 EUROCAE ED-12/RTCA, DO-178C Software Considerations in Airbone Systems and Equipment Certification. 2011.
 EUROCAE ED-80/RTCA, DO-254 Design Assurance Guidance for Airbone Electronic Hardware. 2000.
 S. A. Sheard and J. G. Lake, ‘Systems engineering standards and models compared’, in Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Systems Engineering, Vancouver, Canada, 1998, pp. 589–605.
 A. P. Sage and S. M. Biemer, ‘Processes for System Family Architecting, Design, and Integration’, IEEE Syst. J., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 5–16, Sep. 2007.
 F. Schneider and B. Berenbach, ‘A Literature Survey on International Standards for Systems Requirements Engineering’, Procedia Comput. Sci., vol. 16, pp. 796–805, Jan. 2013.
 R. Xue, C. Baron, P. Esteban, and H. Demmou, ‘Managing systems engineering processes: A multi-standard approach’, in 2014 IEEE International Systems Conference Proceedings, 2014, pp. 103–107.
 ISO/IEC/IEEE, 15288:2015 - Systems and software engineering -- System life cycle processes. 2015.
 IEEE, 1220 (now ISO/IEC 26702) Application and Management of the Systems Engineering Process. 2007.
 ANSI/EIA, 632: Processes for Engineering a System. 2003.
 A. Jakjoud, M. Zrikem, C. Baron, and A. Ayadi, ‘SysPEM: Toward a consistent and unified system process engineering metamodel’, J. Intell. Manuf., vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 149–166, Feb. 2016.
 W. Zaramdini, ‘An empirical study of the motives and benefits of ISO 9000 certification: the UAE experience’, Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 472–491, mai 2007.
 J. J. Tarí, J. F. Molina-Azorín, and I. Heras, ‘Benefits of the ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 standards: A literature review’, J. Ind. Eng. Manag., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 297–322, Dec. 2012.
 M. Bernardo, A. Simon, J. J. Tarí, and J. F. Molina-Azorín, ‘Benefits of management systems integration: a literature review’, J. Clean. Prod., vol. 94, pp. 260–267, May 2015.
 C. del Castillo-Peces, C. Mercado-Idoeta, M. Prado-Roman, and C. del Castillo-Feito, ‘The influence of motivations and other factors on the results of implementing ISO 9001 standards’, Eur. Res. Manag. Bus. Econ., May 2017.
 ISO, 9001 - Quality management systems - Requirements. 2015.
 L. Charlet, ‘The ISO Survey of Management System Standard Certifications’, 2016. (Online). Available: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso-survey.
 S. Pekovic and F. Galia, ‘From quality to innovation: Evidence from two French Employer Surveys’, Technovation, vol. 29, no. 12, pp. 829–842, Dec. 2009.
 B. Manders, H. J. de Vries, and K. Blind, ‘ISO 9001 and product innovation: A literature review and research framework’, Technovation, vol. 48–49, pp. 41–55, février 2016.
 D. I. Prajogo and A. S. Sohal, ‘TQM and innovation: a literature review and research framework’, Technovation, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 539–558, Sep. 2001.
 M. J. Benner and M. Tushman, ‘Process Management and Technological Innovation: A Longitudinal Study of the Photography and Paint Industries’, Adm. Sci. Q., vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 676–706, 2002.
 M. L. Santos-Vijande and L. I. Álvarez-González, ‘Innovativeness and organizational innovation in total quality oriented firms: The moderating role of market turbulence’, Technovation, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 514–532, Sep. 2007.
 N. Babey, F. Courvoisier, and F. Petitpierre, L’innovation, entre philosophie et management - La théorie des trois cubes. 2012.
 EN/AS/JISQ, 9100 - Quality Management Systems - Requirements for Aviation, Space and Defense Organizations. 2016.
 R. I. Faulconbridge and M. J. Ryan, Managing Complex Technical Projects: A Systems Engineering Approach. Artech House, 2003.
 D. E. Barber, ‘An overview of the Systems Engineering Capability Model EIA/IS 731’, in 17th DASC. AIAA/IEEE/SAE. Digital Avionics Systems Conference. Proceedings (Cat. No.98CH36267), 1998, vol. 1, pp. B34-1–7 vol.1.
 D. Proença and J. Borbinha, ‘Maturity Models for Information Systems - A State of the Art’, Procedia Comput. Sci., vol. 100, pp. 1042–1049, Jan. 2016.
 R. Wendler, ‘The maturity of maturity model research: A systematic mapping study’, Inf. Softw. Technol., vol. 54, no. 12, pp. 1317–1339, décembre 2012.
 M. Chinosi and A. Trombetta, ‘BPMN: An introduction to the standard’, Comput. Stand. Interfaces, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 124–134, Jan. 2012.
 W. M. P. Van Der Aalst, ‘The application of petri nets to workflow management’, J. Circuits Syst. Comput., vol. 08, no. 01, pp. 21–66, Feb. 1998.
 C. Hug, ‘Method, models and tool for information systems engineering process metamodelling’, Theses, Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2009.
 R. Ellner, S. Al-Hilank, J. Drexler, M. Jung, D. Kips, and M. Philippsen, ‘eSPEM – A SPEM Extension for Enactable Behavior Modeling’, in Modelling Foundations and Applications, 2010, pp. 116–131.