Non-Circular Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers Chainring Failure Analysis
This paper presents a finite element model to simulate the teeth failure of non-circular composite chainring. Model consists of the chainring and a part of the chain. To reduce the size of the model, only the first 11 rollers are simulated. In order to validate the model, it is firstly applied to a circular aluminum chainring and evolution of the stress in the teeth is compared with the literature. Then, effect of the non-circular shape is studied through three different loading positions. Strength of non-circular composite chainring and failure scenario is investigated. Moreover, two composite lay-ups are proposed to observe the influence of the stacking. Results show that composite material can be used but the lay-up has a large influence on the strength. Finally, loading position does not have influence on the first composite failure that always occurs in the first tooth.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1315723Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 494
 C. Bouvet, S. Rivallant, “Damage tolerance of composite structures under low-velocity impact,” in Dynamic Deformation, Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures, 1st ed. Ed. V. Silberschmidt, 2016, pp. 7-33.
 B. Ostré, C. Bouvet, C. Minot, J. Aboissière, “Experimental analysis of CFRP laminates subjected to compression after edge impact,” Compos Struct, vol. 152, pp. 767-778, September 2016.
 H. Abdulhamid, C. Bouvet, L. Michel, J. Aboissière, C. Minot, “Experimental study of compression after impact of asymmetrically tapered composite laminate.” Compos Struct, vol. 149, pp. 292-303, August 2016.
 S. Rivallant, C. Bouvet, N. Hongkarnjanakul, (2013) “Failure analysis of CFRP laminates subjected to compression after impact: FE simulation using discrete interface elements.” Compos Part A: Appl Sci Manuf, vol. 55, pp. 83-93, December 2013.
 C. Bouvet, L. Michel, J. Aboissiere, C. Minot, “Numerical simulation of impact and compression after impact of asymmetrically tapered laminated CFRP,” Int J Impact Eng, vol. 95, pp. 154-164, September 2016.
 N. Hongkarnjanakul, C. Bouvet, S. Rivallant, “Validation of low velocity impact modelling on different stacking sequences of CFRP laminates and influence of fibre failure,” Compos Struct, vol. 106, pp. 549-559, December 2013.
 B. Ostré, C. Bouvet, C. Minot, J. Aboissière, “Edge impact modeling on stiffened composite structures,” Compos Struct, vol. 126, pp. 314–328, August 2015
 B. Ostré, C. Bouvet, C. Minot, J. Aboissière, “Finite element analysis of CFRP laminates subjected to compression after edge impact,” Compos Struct, vol. 153, pp. 478-489, October 2016.
 N. Li, P. H. Chen, “Experimental investigation on edge impact damage and Compression-After-Impact (CAI) behavior of stiffened composite panels,” Compos Struct, vol.138, pp. 134-150, March 2016.
 A. Mosallam, J. Slenk, J. Kreiner, “Assessment of residual tensile strength of carbon/epoxy composites subjected to low-energy impact,” J Aerosp Eng, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 249–258, October 2008.
 H. Brody, “The physics of tennis. III. The ball-racket interaction,” Am J Phys, vol. 65, no. 10, pp. 981-987, May 1997.
 S. R. Otto, M. Strangwood, “The quasi-static and dynamic testing of damping in golf clubs shafts fabricated from carbon fibre composites,” Proced Eng, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 3361–3366, Jun 2010.
 P. Clifton, A. Subic, A. Mouritz, “Snowboard stiffness prediction model for any composite sandwich construction,” Proced Eng, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 3163-3169, Jun 2010.
 Staff “First Full Carbon Fiber Bike. High Performance Composites,” http://www.compositesworld.com/articles/ultralight-carbon-fiberepoxy-road-bike-from-kestrel. Accessed 3 January 2004.
 T. Jin-Chee Liu, H. C. Wu, “Fiber direction and stacking sequence design for bicycle frame made of carbon/epoxy composite laminate,” Mater Des, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 1971-1980, April 2010.
 F. Ohlsson, “SwiftCarbon unveils lightweight frame reinforced by TeXtreme,” Reinforced Plastics,” http://www.textreme.com/news/swiftcarbon-unveils-lightweight-frame-reinforced-by-textreme. Accessed 12 May 2016.
 F. Höchtl, Hein M, Klug S, Sennera V “On the effect of chain stay impact on the structural safety of CFRP structures in mountain biking,” Proced Eng, vol. 34, pp. 664-669, 2012.
 R. R. Bini, F. Dagoese, “Non circular chainrings and pedal to crank interface in cycling: a literature review,” Brazilian J Kinantropometry Hum Perform, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 470–482, January 2012.
 J. W. Rankin, R. R. Neptune, “A theoretical analysis of an optimal chainring shape to maximize crank power during isokinetic pedaling,” J Biomech, vol. 41, pp. 1494–1502, April 2008.
 J. C. Martin, S. M. Lamb, N. A. Brown, “Pedal trajectory alters maximal single-leg cycling power,” Med Sci Sports Exerc, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 1332–1336, August 2002.
 Y. Wang, D. Ji, K. Zhan, “Modified sprocket tooth profile of roller chain drives,” Mech theor, vol. 70, pp. 380-393. December 2013.
 J. Huo, Yu S, J. Yang, T. Li, “Static and Dynamic Characteristics of the Chain Drive System of a Heavy Duty Apron Feeder,” Open Mech Eng J, vol. 7, pp. 121-128, November 2013.
 Z. Hashin, “Failure criteria for unidirectional fibre composites,” J Appl Mech, vol. 47, no. 2pp. 329–334, Jun 1980.
 C. Bouvet C, S. Rivallant, J. J. Barrau, “Low velocity impact modeling in composite laminates capturing permanent indentation,” Compos Sci Technol, vol. 72, no. 16, pp. 1977–1988, November 2012.
 K. C. Warren, R. A. Lopez-Anido, S. S. Vel, H. H. Bayraktar, “Progressive failure analysis of three-dimensional woven carbon composites in single-bolt, double-shear bearing,” Compos Part B, vol. 84, pp. 266-276, January 2016.
 Azom, “AISI 4140 Alloy Steel (UNS G41400),” Azo Materials, http://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=6769, 13 September, 2012.
 A. R. Torabi, M. Alaei, “Mixed-mode ductile failure analysis of V-notched Al 7075-T6 thin sheets,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics, vol. 150, pp. 70–95. December 2015.
 A. Vayer, “La pleine puissance en cyclisme. Guide d’entraînement basé sur les données de puissance et de fréquence cardiaque, pour les débutants et les professionnels,” in Librairie Anglet, 1st ed. Ed. Polar France, 2002, pp. 1-101.
 W. Fotheringham, “Team Sky data shows Chris Froome Tour climb was exceptional but normal,” The Gardian. https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2015/jul/21/team-sky-data-chris-froome-tour-de-france, 21 July, 2015.
 M. Calomfirescu, F. Daoud, T. Puhlhofer, “A new look into structural design philosophies for aerostructures with advanced optimization methods and tools,” In IV European Conference Computational Mechanics, Paris, 2010.
 J. Rouchon, “Certification of large airplane composite structures, recent progress and new trends in compliance philosophy,” in Proc. 17th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, Stockholm, 1990, pp. 1439-1447.
 Joint Airworthiness Requirements 25 (JAR25), part 1 requirements, part 2 acceptable means of compliance and interpretations, composite structures: JAR25 x 25.603 and ACJ 25.603.