The Changing Trend of Collaboration Patterns in the Social Sciences: Institutional Influences on Academic Research in Korea, 2013-2016
Collaborative research has become more prevalent and important across disciplines because it stimulates innovation and interaction between scholars. Seeing as existing studies relatively disregarded the institutional conditions triggering collaborative research, this work aims to analyze the changing trend in collaborative work patterns among Korean social scientists. The focus of this research is the performance of social scientists who received research grants through the government’s Social Science Korea (SSK) program. Using quantitative statistical methods, collaborative research patterns in a total of 2,354 papers published under the umbrella of the SSK program in peer-reviewed scholarly journals from 2013 to 2016 were examined to identify changing trends and triggering factors in collaborative research. A notable finding is that the share of collaborative research is overwhelmingly higher than that of individual research. In particular, levels of collaborative research surpassed 70%, increasing much quicker compared to other research done in the social sciences. Additionally, the most common composition of collaborative research was for two or three researchers to conduct joint research as coauthors, and this proportion has also increased steadily. Finally, a strong association between international journals and co-authorship patterns was found for the papers published by SSK program researchers from 2013 to 2016. The SSK program can be seen as the driving force behind collaboration between social scientists. Its emphasis on competition through a merit-based financial support system along with a rigorous evaluation process seems to have influenced researchers to cooperate with those who have similar research interests.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1315665Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 627
 D. N. Laband and R. D. Tollison. 2000. “Intellectual Collaboration.” Journal of Political Economy 108: 632-662.
 D. H. Sonnenwald. 2007. “Scientific Collaboration.” Annual Review of Information Science and Technology 41(1): 643-681.
 J. W. Endersby. 1996. “Collaboration Research in the Social Sciences: Multiple Authorship and Publication Credit.” Social Science Quarterly 77(2): 375-392.
 S. Wuchty, B. F. Jones, and B. Uzzi. 2007. “The Increasing Dominance of Teams in Production of Knowledge.” Science 316(5827): 1036-1039.
 B. S. Fisher, C. T. Cobane, T. M. Vander Ven, F. T. Cullen. 1998. “How Many Authors Does It Take to Publish an Article? Trends and Patterns in Political Science.” Political Science Online 847-856.
 J. Han and S. Kim. 2017. “How Rankings Change Universities and Academic Fields in Korea.” Korean Journal of Sociology 51(1): 1-37. (In Korean).
 J. Moody. 2004. “The Structure of a Social Science Collaboration Network: Disciplinary Cohesion from 1963 to 1999.” American Sociological Review 69(2): 213-238.
 K. Kim and J. K. Kim. 2016. “Meritocracy in the Awarding of Research Grants? Evidence from Social Science Korea.” Korean Social Science Journal 43: 1-13.
 S. H. Park, J.K. Kim, and D. H. Kim. 2014. “Exploratory Study for Research Collaboration of Social Scientists in Korea.” Discourse 201 17(1): 1-37. (In Korean).
 R. Guimera, B. Uzzi, J. Shapiro, and L. A. Amaral. 2005. “Team Assembly Mechanisms Determine Collaboration Network Structure and Team Performance.” Science 308(5722): 697-702.
 M. Newman. 2004. “Collaboration Networks and Patterns of Scientific Collaboration.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 101 (suppl 1):5200-5205.
 P. Bourdieu. 1991. “Epilogue: On the Possibility of a Field of World Sociology.” Pp. 373-387 in Social Theory for a Changing Society, edited by Pierre Bourdieu and James S. Coleman. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
 M. Fourcade. 2006. “The Construction of a Global Profession: The Transnationalization of Economics.” American Journal of Sociology 112(1): 145-194.
 J. Heilbron. 2014. “The Social Sciences as an emerging global field.” Current Sociology 62(6): 685-703.
 R. Collins. 2000. “The Sociology of Philosophies: A Precis.” Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30(2): 157-201.
 N. Mullins. 1973. Theories and Theory Groups in Contemporary American Sociology. New York, NY: Harper & Row Publishers.
 E. Ollion and A. Abbott. 2016. “French Connections: The Reception of French Sociologists in the USA.” European Journal of Sociology 57(2): 331-372.
 D. J. de Solla Price. 1986. Little Science, Big Science ... and Beyond. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.