Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30743
Performance Analysis of Organic Rankine Cycle Technology to Exploit Low-Grade Waste Heat to Power Generation in Indian Industry

Authors: Bipul Krishna Saha, Basab Chakraborty, Ashish Alex Sam, Parthasarathi Ghosh


The demand for energy is cumulatively increasing with time.  Since the availability of conventional energy resources is dying out gradually, significant interest is being laid on searching for alternate energy resources and minimizing the wastage of energy in various fields.  In such perspective, low-grade waste heat from several industrial sources can be reused to generate electricity. The present work is to further the adoption of the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) technology in Indian industrial sector.  The present paper focuses on extending the previously reported idea to the next level through a comparative review with three different working fluids using practical data from an Indian industrial plant. For comprehensive study in the simulation platform of Aspen Hysys®, v8.6, the waste heat data has been collected from a current coke oven gas plant in India.  A parametric analysis of non-regenerative ORC and regenerative ORC is executed using the working fluids R-123, R-11 and R-21 for subcritical ORC system.  The primary goal is to determine the optimal working fluid considering various system parameters like turbine work output, obtained system efficiency, irreversibility rate and second law efficiency under applied multiple heat source temperature (160 °C- 180 °C).  Selection of the turbo-expanders is one of the most crucial tasks for low-temperature applications in ORC system. The present work is an attempt to make suitable recommendation for the appropriate configuration of the turbine. In a nutshell, this study justifies the proficiency of integrating the ORC technology in Indian perspective and also finds the appropriate parameter of all components integrated in ORC system for building up an ORC prototype.

Keywords: Waste Heat Recovery, Organic Rankine Cycle, Indian Industry, regenerative organic Rankine cycle

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 590


[1] Mauran, S., Parades, P. and L’Haridon, F. Heat and mass transfer in consolidated reacting beds for thermochemical systems, Heat Recovery Systems & CHP. 1993. vol. 13, no.4, pp. 315-319.
[2] Saha, B.K. & Chakraborty, B. Utilization of low-grade waste heat-to-energy technologies and policy in Indian industrial sector: a review. Clean Technol. Environ. Policy. 2017 19: 327. doi:10.1007/s10098-016-1248-2.
[3] Ding, Y. and Riffat, S.B. Thermochemical energy storage technologies for building applications: a state-of-the-art review International Journal of Low-Carbon Technology. 2013. vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 106-116.
[4] Yu, Y.Q., Zhang, P., Wu, J.Y. and Wang, R.Z., Energy upgrading by solid–gas reaction heat transformer: A critical review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2008. vol. 12, pp. 1302-1324.
[5] Sharma, A., Tyagi, V.V., Chen, C.R. and Buddhi, D. Review on thermal energy storage with phase change materials and applications, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2009. vol. 13, pp. 318–345.
[6] Vidhi, R., Kuravi, S., Goswami, D. Y., Stfanakos, E., Sabau, A. S. Organic Fluids in a supercritical Rankine Cycle for Low Temperatur Power Generation. ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol. 2013.Vol. 135 / 042002
[7] UNFCC. The Paris Agreement. 2017.
[8] Quoilin, S., Broek, M. Van Den, Declaye, S., Dewallef, P., & Lemort, V. Techno-economic survey of organic rankine cycle (ORC) systems. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2013. 22, 168–186.
[9] Borsukiewicz-Gozdur A. Experimental investigation of R227ea applied as working fluid in the ORC power plant with hermetic turbogenerator. Applied Thermal Engineering 56. 2013. 126-133
[10] Kun, L .C. and Sentz, R. N. High efficiency expansion turbines in air separation and liquefaction plants International Conference on Production and Purification of Coal Gas & Separation of Air, Beijing, China .1985. 1-21.
[11] Balje, O. E. Turbomachines John Wiley and Sons .1981.
[12] Roy, J.P. & Misra, A. Parametric optimization and performance analysis of a regenerative Organic Rankine Cycle using R-123 for waste heat recovery. Energy 2012 39: 227-235.
[13] Verbruggen A. Renewable and nuclear power: A common future. Energy Policy. 2008. 36:4036-4047.
[14] Desai NB, Bandyopadhyay S. Process integration of organic Rankine cycle. Energy. 2009. 34:1674–1686.
[15] Yamamoto T. Furuhata T. Arai N. Mori K. Design and testing of the ORC. Energy. 2001. 26:239-251.
[16] Demirkaya, G. Besarati, S. Padilla, R. V. Archibold, A. R. Goswami, D. Y. Rahman, M. M. and Stefanakos, E. L. Multi-Objective Optimization of a Combined Power and Cooling Cycle for Low-Grade and Midgrade Heat Sources. ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 2012. 134(3), p. 032002.
[17] Mohammed A, Khatita, Tamer S, Ahmed, Fatma. H, Ashour, Ibrahim M, Ismail. Power generation using WHR by ORC in oil and gas sector in Egypt: A case study. Energy. 2013 64 462 - 472
[18] Minea, V. Power generation with ORC machines using low-grade waste heat or renewable energy. Applied Thermal Engineering, 69(1-2), 2014. 143–154.
[19] Desai, N. B., & Bandyopadhyay, S. Integration of parabolic trough and linear Fresnel collectors for optimum design of concentrating solar thermal power plant. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. 2015. 17(7), 1945–1961.
[20] Giovani Gutierrez-Arriaga, C., Abdelhady, F., Bamufleh, H. S., Serna-Gonzalez, M., El-Halwagi, M. M., & Maria Ponce-Ortega, J. Industrial waste heat recovery and cogeneration involving organic Rankine cycles. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. 2015. 17(3), 767–779.
[21] Krishna Priya GS, Bandyopadhyay S. Emission constrained power system planning: a pinch analysis based study of Indian electricity sector. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. 2013. 15:771–782
[22] Desai, N. B., & Bandyopadhyay, S. Thermo-economic analysis and selection of working fluid for solar organic Rankine cycle. Applied Thermal Engineering. 2016. 95, 471–481.