Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30840
The Excess Loop Delay Calibration in a Bandpass Continuous-Time Delta Sigma Modulators Based on Q-Enhanced LC Filter
Authors: Sorore Benabid
Abstract:The Q-enhanced LC filters are the most used architecture in the Bandpass (BP) Continuous-Time (CT) Delta-Sigma (ΣΔ) modulators, due to their: high frequencies operation, high linearity than the active filters and a high quality factor obtained by Q-enhanced technique. This technique consists of the use of a negative resistance that compensate the ohmic losses in the on-chip inductor. However, this technique introduces a zero in the filter transfer function which will affect the modulator performances in term of Dynamic Range (DR), stability and in-band noise (Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR)). In this paper, we study the effect of this zero and we demonstrate that a calibration of the excess loop delay (ELD) is required to ensure the best performances of the modulator. System level simulations are done for a 2ndorder BP CT (ΣΔ) modulator at a center frequency of 300MHz. Simulation results indicate that the optimal ELD should be reduced by 13% to achieve the maximum SNR and DR compared to the ideal LC-based ΣΔ modulator.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1315605Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 397
 S. Gupta, D. Gangopadhyay, H. Lakdawala, J. C. Rudell, and D. J. Allstot, “A 0.8-2 GHz fully-integrated QPLL-timed direct-RF-sampling bandpass ΣΔ ADC in 0.13 μm CMOS,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 1141–1153, May 2012.
 G. Molina-Salgado, A. Morgado, G. J. Dolecek, and J. M. de la Rosa, “LC-based bandpass continuous-time sigma-delta modulators with widely tunable notch frequency,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 1442–1455, May 2014.
 J. Lota and A. Demosthenous, “Q-enhancement with on-chip inductor optimization for reconfigurable ΔΣ radio-frequency ADC,” in 2015 IEEE 13th International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS), June 2015, pp. 1–4.
 G. M. Salgado, G. J. Dolecek, and J. M. de la Rosa, “On the use of passive circuits to implement LC-based band-pass CT ΣΔ modulators,” in 2015 IEEE 58th International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS), Aug 2015, pp. 1–4.
 J. A. Cherry and W. M. Snelgrove, “Excess loop delay in continuous-time delta-sigma modulators,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 376–389, Apr 1999.
 S. Loeda, H. M. Reekie, and B. Mulgrew, “On the design of high-performance wide-band continuous-time sigma-delta converters using numerical optimization,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 802–810, April 2006.
 C.-Y. Cai, Y. Jiang, S.-W. Sin, S.-P. U, and R. P. Martins, “Excess-loop-delay compensation technique for CT ΣΔ modulator with hybrid active–passive loop-filters,” Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 35–46, Jul 2013. (Online). Available: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10470-013-0069-z
 A. Yahia, P. Benabes, and R. Kielbasa, “The influence of the feedback DAC delay in continuous-time bandpass DS converters,” May 2001, pp. 716–719.
 A. Ashry and H. Aboushady, “Using excess loop delay to simplify LC-based ΣΔ modulators,” Electronics Letters, vol. 45, no. 25, pp. 1298–1299, December 2009.