Young People’s Participation in Decision-Making Using Information and Communication Technology
Authors: Marina Diković
By giving personal opinions, suggestions and criticism through e-democracy, young people can reinforce the adoption of decisions which they have an impact on. The purpose of this research was to examine the opinion of university students about the possibility of their decision-making by using information and communication technology (ICT). The questionnaire examined young people's values and behaviour associated with e-democracy and the related decision-making. Students are most active online when it comes to finding information connected with their academic responsibilities, but less frequently take part in democratic processes in society, both at the national and local level. E-democracy as a tool can be learned in programmes of Human Rights Education and Citizenship Education.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1315394Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF
 F. Amoretti, “International Organizations ICTs Policies: E‐Democracy and E‐Government for Political Development” in Review of policy research, vol. 24, no. 4, 2007, pp. 331-344.
 J. Bartlett, and H. Grabbe, E-democracy in the EU: the opportunities for digital politics to re-engage voters and the risks of disappointment. London: Demos, 2015. Available on: https://www.demos.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/E-Democracy-in-the-EU.pdf.
 W. L. Bennett, C. Wells, and A. Rank, “Young citizens and civic learning: Two paradigms of citizenship in the digital age” in Citizenship studies, vol. 13, no. 2, 2009, pp. 105-120.
 Y. Breindl, and P. Francq, “Can Web 2.0 applications save e-democracy? A study of how new internet applications may enhance citizen participation in the political process online” in International Journal of Electronic Democracy, vo. 1, no. 1, 2008, pp. 14-31.
 E. Bruno, Co-deciding with Citizens: Towards Digital Democracy at EU Level. Brussels: ECAS, 2015. Available on: http://www.ecas.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/ECAS-Publication-online-version.pdf.
 A. Chadwick, “Bringing E-Democracy Back In. Why it Matters for Future Research on E-Governance” in Social Science Computer Review, vol. 21, no. 4, Nov 1, 2003, pp. 443-455.
 S. Coleman, and J. G. Blumler, The Internet and democratic citizenship: Theory, practice and policy. Cambridge University Press, 2009.
 E. De Blasio, Democrazia digitale. Una piccola introduzione. Roma: Luiss University Press, 2014.
 M. Diković, “Interculturalism, Human Rights and Citizenship in Compulsory Education in the South Eastern Europe” in M. Bartulović, L. Bash, V. Spajić-Vrkaš(eds), IAIE Zagreb 2013: Unity and disunity, connections and separations: intercultural education as a movement for promoting multiple identities, social inclusion and transformation, Conference proceedings. Zagreb: Interkultura / IAIE, 2014, pp. 247-258.
 M. Diković, E. Piršl, “Interkulturalizam, ljudska prava i građanstvo u inicijalnom obrazovanju nastavnika”, in N. Hrvatić, A. Lukenda, S. Pavlović, V. Spajić-Vrkaš, M. Vasilj (eds), Pedagogija, obrazovanje i nastava, Zbornik radova 2. međunarodne znanstvene konferencije, Mostar. Mostar: Fakultet prirodoslovno-matematičkih i odgojnih znanosti Sveučilišta u Mostaru, 2014, pp. 226-235.
 E. Di Maria, and L. S. Rizzo, “E-democracy: The participation of citizens and new forms of the decision-making process” in On Line Citizenship, Springer US, 2005, pp. 71-106.
 A, C. Freschi, “Dall’e- Government all’e- Governance. C’è bisogno di e- Democracy” in Rivista italiana di comunicazione pubblica, vol. 21, 2004, pp. 60-73.
 Å, Grönlund, “E‐democracy: in search of tools and methods for effective participation” in Journal of Multi‐Criteria Decision Analysis, vol. 12, no. 2‐3, 2003, pp. 93-100.
 B. N. Hague, and B. Loader (Eds.), Digital democracy: Discourse and decision making in the information age. New York: Routledge, 1999.
 M. Haller, and M. Hadler, “How Social Relations And Structures Can Produce Happiness And Unhappiness: An International Comparative Analysis” in Social Indicators Research, vol. 75, 2006, pp. 169–216.
 J. Hoff, K. Löfgren., L. Torpe, “The state we are in: E-democracy in Denmark” in Information Polity, vol. 8, no. 1, 2, 2003, pp. 49-66.
 T. Horvat, R. Pekorari, “E-demokracija u lokalnoj zajednici: službene internetske stranice županija Republike Hrvatske” in M. Selan et al. (Eds.) DOK_SIS 2011, Kranjska Gora, Slovenija, September 28-30. Posvetovanje z Mednarodno udeležbo Sistemi za Upravljanje z Dokumenti, Media.doc., Ljubljana, vol. 20, 2011, pp. 50–57.
 J. K. Kampen, and K. Snijkers, “E-Democracy. A Critical Evaluation of the Ultimate E-Dream” in Social Science Computer Review, vol. 21, no. 4, Nov 1, 2003, pp. 491-496.
 G. E. Kersten, “E‐democracy and participatory decision processes: lessons from e‐negotiation experiments” in Journal of Multi‐Criteria Decision Analysis, vol. 12, no. 2‐3, 2003, pp. 127-143.
 M. Kiškis, A. Kraujelytė, R. Petrauskas, “Redefining E-Government in the E-Democracy Context: experience of the new Member States” in 6 ème Congrès Européan de Science des Systèmes, 19 – 22 septembre 2005, pp. 1-10.
 M. Kovačić, and I. Vrbat, “„Znam da ništa ne znam“: politička kompetencija i politička participacija među mladima u Zagrebu” in Suvremene teme, vol. 7, no. 1, 2014, pp. 56-76.
 C. P. Lee, K. Chang, and F. S. Berry, “Testing the development and diffusion of e‐government and e‐democracy: A global perspective” in Public Administration Review, vol. 71, no. 3, 2011, pp. 444-454.
 A. Macintosh, “Using information and communication technologies to enhance citizen engagement in the policy process” in Promise and Problems of E-democracy, 2004, pp. 19-142.
 A. Macintosh, “E-democracy and e-participation research in Europe” in Digital Government, pp. 85-102, 2008.
 A. Macintosh, E. Robson, E. Smith, E., and A. Whyte, “Electronic democracy and young people” in Social science computer review, vol. 21, no. 1, 2003, pp. 43-54.
 A. Manoharan (Ed.), E-Governance and Civic Engagement: Factors and Determinants of E-Democracy: Factors and Determinants of E-Democracy. Hershey: IGI Global, 2011.
 I. McLean, Democracy and new technology. Cambridge, UK: Polity, 1989.
 J. M. Moreno-Jiménez, and W. Polasek, “E-democracy and knowledge. A multicriteria framework for the new democratic era” in Journal of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, vol. 12, no. 2-3, 2003, pp. 163-176.
 J. D. Nugent, “If E‐Democracy Is the Answer, What's the Question?” in National Civic Review, vol. 90, no. 3, 2001, pp. 221-234.
 OECD, Skills Outlook 2017: Skills and Global Value Chains. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2017.
 T. Päivärinta, and Ø. Sæbø, “Models of e-democracy” in Communications of the Association for Information Systems, vol. 17, article 37, 2006, pp. 818-840.
 K. Petr Balog, and B. Badurina, "Students of humanities and social sciences and e-democracy" in Information and Learning Science, vol. 118, no. 5/6, 2017, pp.266-279.
 K. Petr Balog, and Lj. Siber, "Students of law and e-Democracy" in European Conference on Information Literacy, Springer, Cham, 2014, pp. 663-672.
 C. Pollitt, and G. Bouckaert, Public management reform. A comparative analysis. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2000.
 J. Rynkiewicz, M. Raouf Benmakrelouf, W. Karouche, “Assessment of the Influence of Education Level on Voting Intention for the Extreme Right in France” in Revista investigación operacional, vol. 37, no. 3, 2016, pp. 205-215.
 Recommendation CM/Rec(2009)1 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to member states on electronic democracy (e-democracy).
 P. Richard, Critical thinking: How to prepare students for a rapidly changing world. Tomales: Foundation for Critical Thinking, 1995.
 J. Saglie, and S. I. Vabo, “Size and e‐democracy: online participation in Norwegian local politics” in Scandinavian Political Studies, vol. 32, no. 4, 2009, pp. 382-401.
 J. Seaton, “The Scottish Parliament and e-democracy” in Aslib Proceedings, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, vol. 57, no. 4, 2005, pp. 333-337.
 G. Spirakis, C. Spiraki, and K. Nikolopoulos,. “The impact of electronic government on democracy: e-democracy through e-participation” in Electronic Government, an International Journal, vol. 7, no. 1, 2009, pp. 75-88.
 G. ten Dam, and M. Volman, “Critical thinking as a citizenship competence: teaching strategies” in Learning and Instruction, vol. 14, no. 4, 2004, pp. 359-379.
 L. Torres, V. Pina, and B. Acerete, “E‐Governance developments in european union cities: Reshaping Government’s relationship with citizens” in Governance, vol. 19, no. 2, 2006, pp. 277-302.