Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30073
The Effect of Soil Contamination on Chemical Composition and Quality of Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa) Fruits

Authors: Violina R. Angelova, Sava G. Tabakov, Aleksander B. Peltekov, Krasimir I. Ivanov

Abstract:

A field study was conducted to evaluate the chemical composition and quality of the Aronia fruits, as well as the possibilities of Aronia cultivation on soils contaminated with heavy metals. The experiment was performed on an agricultural field contaminated by the Non-Ferrous-Metal Works (NFMW) near Plovdiv, Bulgaria. The study included four varieties of Aronia; Aron variety, Hugin variety, Viking variety and Nero variety. The Aronia was cultivated according to the conventional technology on areas at a different distance from the source of pollution NFMW- Plovdiv (1 km, 3.5 km, and 15 km). The concentrations of macroelements, microelements, and heavy metals in Aronia fruits were determined. The dry matter content, ash, sugars, proteins, and fats were also determined. Aronia is a crop that is tolerant to heavy metals and can successfully be grown on soils contaminated with heavy metals. The increased content of heavy metals in the soil leads to less absorption of the nutrients (Ca, Mg and P) in the fruit of the Aronia. Soil pollution with heavy metals does not affect the quality of the Aronia fruit varieties.

Keywords: Aronia, chemical composition, fruits, quality.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1314869

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 508

References:


[1] J. Janick, and R.E. Paull, The Encyclopedia of Fruit & Nuts, 1st Ed. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, pp.622–623, 2008.
[2] O. Rop, J. Mlcek, T. Jurikova, M. Valsikova, J. Sochor, W. Reznicek and D. Kramarova, “Phenolic content, antioxidant capacity, radical oxygen species scavenging and lipid peroxidation inhibiting activities of extracts of five black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliot) cultivars”, J Med Plant Res, vol. 4, pp.2431-2437, 2010.
[3] I. Ochmian, J. Oszmiański, and K. Skupień, “Chemical composition, phenolics, and firmness of small black fruits”, J Appl Bot Food Quality, vol. 83, pp.64-69, 2009.
[4] V. Ara, “Schwarzfruchtige Aronia: Gesund - und bald ”in aller Munde”?”, Flüssiges Obst, vol. 10, pp.653-658, 2002
[5] N. Jeppsson, “The effects of fertilizer rate on vegetative growth, yield and fruit quality, with special respect to pigments, in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) cv. “Viking”, Sci Hortic, vol. 83, pp. 127–37, 2000.
[6] K. Skupien, and J. Oszmianski, “The effect of mineral fertilization on nutritive value and biological activity of chokeberry fruit”, Agric Food Sci, vol.16, pp. 46 – 55, 2007.
[7] J. Oszmiański, and A. Wojdylo, “Aronia melanocarpa phenolics and their antioxidant activity”, Eur Food Res Tech, vol. 221, pp. 809-813, 2005.
[8] K. Ognik, E. Rusinek, I. Sembratowicz, and J. Truchlinski, “Contents of heavy metal, nitrate (V), and nitrate (III) in fruits of elderberry and black chokeberry depending on harvest site and vegetation period”, Rocz. Panstw. Zakl. Hig, vol. 57, pp 235–241, 2006.
[9] E.G. Martynov, “Influence of trace elements on the accumulation of anthocyanins in the fruit of Aronia melanocarpa”, Chem Nat Comp, vol. 14: 451 – 452, 1979.
[10] S.E. Kulling, and H.M. Rawel, “Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa)- A review on the characteristic components and potential health effects”, Planta Med., vol.74, pp.1625–1634, 2008.
[11] J. Šnebergrová, H. Čížková, E. Neradová, B. Kapci, A. Rajchl and M. Voldřich, “Variability of Characteristic Components of Aronia”, Czech J. Food Sci., vol. 32, pp. 25–30, 2014.
[12] A. N. Pavlovic, J. M. Brcanovic, J. N. Veljkovic, S. S. Mitic, S. B. Tosic, B. M. Kalicanin, D. A. Kostic, M. S. Ðordevic, and D. S. Velimirovic, “Characterization of commercially available products of aronia according to their metal content”, Fruits, vol. 70, pp. 385-393, 2015.
[13] BDS, Combined feed, protein concentrates and raw materials for them. Rules for sampling and testing methods, BDS 11374, 1986.
[14] BDS 7169:89 Combined feed, protein concentrates and raw materials for them. Rules for sampling and testing methods, BDS 7169, 1989.
[15] EC, Commission of the European Communities, Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1881/2006, Regulation of setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs, Official Journal of European Union, L364-5/L364-24, 2006.
[16] I. Ochmian, J. Grajkowski, and M. Smolik, 2012. Comparison of some morphological features, quality and chemical content of four cultivars of chokeberry fruits (Aronia melanocarpa), Not Bot Horti Agrobo Cluj Napoca, vol. 40, pp.253–60, 2012.
[17] T. Tanaka, A. Tanaka, “Chemical components and characteristics of black chokeberry”, J Jpn Soc Food Sci Technol,, vol.48, pp.606–610, 2001.
[18] M.M. Ozcan, and H. Haciseferogullari, “The strawberry (Arbutus unedo L.) fruits: chemical composition, physical properties and mineral contents”, J. Food Eng., vol.78, pp.1022–1028, 2007.
[19] M.I. Rubio, I. Escrig, C. Martinez-Cortina, F.J. Lopez-Benet and A. Sanz, “Cadmium and nickel accumulation in rice plants. Effects on mineral nutrition and possible interactions of abscisic and gibberellic acids”. Plant Growth Regul, vol.14, pp. 151-157, 1994.
[20] A. Nawirska, and M. Kwasniewska, “Dietary fibre fractions from fruit and vegetable processing waste”, Food Chem, vol.91, pp. 221–225, 2005.
[21] B. Borycka, and J. Stachowiak, “Relations between cadmium and magnesium and aronia fractional dietary fibre”, Food Chem., vol.107, pp. 44–48, 2008.
[22] H. Lehmann, “Die Aroniabeere und ihre Verarbeitung””. Flüssiges Obst, vol. 57, pp.746-752, 1990.
[23] A.W. Strigl, E. Leitner, W. Pfannhauser, “Die schwarze Apfelbeere (Aronia melanocarpa) als natьrliche Farbstoffquelle”, Dtsch Lebensmitt Rundsch, vol. 91, pp.177–180, 1995.
[24] K. Skupien, D. Kostrzewa-Nowak, J.Oszmianski, J. Tarasik, “In vitroantileukaemic activity of extracts from chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa (Michx) Elliot) and mulberry (Morus alba L.) leaves against sensitive andmultidrug resistant HL60 cells”, Phytother Res., vol. 22, pp. 689–294, 2008.
[25] J. Kleparski, and Z.Domino, Aronia. PWRiL Warszawa. 100, 1990.
[26] P. Konieczynski, A. Arceusz, and M. Wesolowski, “Relationships between flavonoids and selected elements in infusions of medicinal herbs”, Open Chem. vol.13, pp.68–74, 2015.
[27] J. Seidemann. “Chokeberries a fruit little-known till now”, Dtsch Lebensmitt Rundsch, vol.89, pp.149–151, 1993.