Rear Seat Belt Use in Developing Countries: A Case Study from the United Arab Emirates
The seat belt is a vital tool in improving traffic safety conditions and minimising injuries due to traffic accidents. Most developing countries are facing a big problems associated with the human and financial losses due to traffic accidents. One way to minimise these losses is the use of seat belts by passengers both in the front and rear seats of a vehicle; however, at the same time, close to nothing is known about the rates of seat belt utilisation among rear seat passengers in many developing countries. Therefore, there is a need to estimate these rates in order to know the extent of this problem and how people interact with traffic safety measures like seat belts and find demographic characteristics that contribute to wearing or non-wearing of seat belts with the aim of finding solutions to improve wearing rates. In this paper, an observational study was done to gather data on restraints use in motor vehicle rear seats in eight observational stations in a rapidly developing country, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and estimate a use rate for the whole country. Also, a questionnaire was used in order to study demographic characteristics affecting the wearing of seatbelts in rear seats. Results of the observational study showed that the overall wearing/usage rate was 12.3%, which is considered very low when compared to other countries. Survey results show that single, male, less educated passengers from Arab and South Asian backgrounds use seat belts reportedly less than others. Finally, solutions are put forward to improve this wearing rate based on the results of this study.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1314586Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 619
 World Health Organization (2015). Global statues report on road safety. WHO, Geneva.
 Abdalla, I. M. (2005). Effectiveness of safety belts and Hierarchical Bayesian analysis of their relative use. Safety Science, 43, 91–103.
 Bendak (2005). Seat belt utilisation in Saudi Arabia and its impact on road accident injuries. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 37, 367-371.
 Klair, A. A. and Arfan, M. (2014). Use of Seat Belt and Enforcement of Seat Belt Laws in Pakistan. Traffic Injury Prevention, 15, 706–710.
 Marburger, E. A. and Friedel, B. (1987). Seat Belt legislation and seat belt effectiveness in the Fedral Republic of Germany. Journal of Trauma, 27 (7), 703–705.
 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration – NHTSA (1996). Benefits of safety belts and motorcycle helmets. Report to Congress, US Department of Transportation.
 Bendak, S. (2007). Compliance with seat belt enforcement law in Saudi Arabia, seat belt, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 14, 45-48.
 Jacobs, G., Aaron-Thomas, A. and Astrop, A. (2000). Estimating global road fatalities. London: Transport Research Laboratory; TRL Report 445.
 Bendak and Al-Saleh (2013). Seat belt utilisation and awareness in UAE. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 20, 342-348.
 El-Sadig, M., Alam, M., Carter, A. O., Fares, K., Al-Taneiji H. O. S., Romilly, P., Norman, N. and Lloyd, O. (2004). Evaluation of effectiveness of safety seat belt legislation in the United Arab Emirates, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 36, 399–404.
 Abu-Zidan, F. M., Abbas, A. K., Hefny, A. F., Eid, H. O. and Grivna, M. (2012). Effects of Seat Belt Usage on Injury Pattern and Outcome of Vehicle Occupants after Road Traffic Collisions: Prospective Study. World Journal of Surgery, 36:255–259.
 Belton, K. L., Voaklander, D., Elgert, L. and Macdonald, S. (2005). Use of seat belt in rural Alberta: an observational analysis. Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine, 10, 143 – 148.
 National Bureau of Statistics – United Arab Emirates (2014). UAE In Numbers. NBS, Abu Dhabi.
 Eby, D. W. and Vivoda, J. M. (2003). Driver hand-held mobile phone and safety belt use. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 35, 893-895.
 Australian Bureau of Statistics (2015). National Statistical Services Sample Size Calculator. http://www.nss.gov.au/nss/home.nsf/pages/Sample+size+calculator (accessed on 23 October 2015).
 Bhat, G, Beck, L., Bergen, G. Kresnow, M. (2015). Predictors of rear seat belt use among U.S. adults, 2012. Journal of Safety Research, 53, 103–106.