Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 32586
Measuring the Academic Self-Efficacy of Undergraduates: The Role of Gender and Academic Year Experience
Abstract:Self-efficacy beliefs provide the foundation for human motivation, well-being, and personal accomplishment. This study measured the levels of academic self-efficacy of undergraduates and also examined whether there any differences in academic self-efficacy with respect to gender and academic year. A structured questionnaire was employed to collect data from undergraduates who enrolled the Bachelor of Commerce degree programme at the University of Sri Jayewardenepura. The outcome of the study revealed that undergraduates lacked the confidence to ask and answer questions, seek help from lecturers, have a study plan and engage in academic discussion and note-taking. However, the findings also demonstrated that undergraduates were not hesitant about seeking help from friends, had confidence on meeting the deadlines and completing the degree within four years. Interestingly, females displayed higher academic self-efficacy than males. Specifically, the data were supported to conclude that there were significant differences in academic self-efficacy with respect to academic years.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1132491Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1991
 Sachitra, K. M. V. Internet Addiction, Academic Performance and University Students, Journal of Global Research in Education and Social Science, 2015, 3(4), pp.179-186.
 Brinkworth, R., McCann, B., Matthews, C. and Nordstrom, K. First year expectations and experiences: student and teacher perspectives, Higher Education, 2009, 58(2), pp.157–172.
 Hussey, T. and Smith, P. Transitions in higher education, Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 2010, 47(2), pp. 155–164.
 Wingate, U. A framework for transition: supporting ‘learning to learn’ in higher education, Higher Education Quarterly, 2007, 61(3), pp.391–405.
 Christie, H., Tett, L., Cree, V. E., Hounsell, J. and McCune, V. A real rollercoaster of conﬁdence and emotions’: learning to be a university student, Studies in Higher Education, 2008, 33(5), pp. 567–581.
 Gibney, A., Moore, N., Murphy, F. and O’Sullivan, S. The ﬁrst semester of university life; ‘will I be able to manage it all?’, Higher Education, 2011, 62(3), pp.351–366.
 Byrne, M., Flood, B., Julie Griffin. Measuring the Academic Self-Efficacy of First-year Accounting Students, Accounting Education, 2014, 23(5), pp.407-423.
 Gillock, K., and Reyes, O. Stress, support, and academic achievement of urban, low-income, Mexican American adolescents, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 1999, 28(2), pp.259–282.
 Fenollar, P., Roman, S. and Cuestas, P. University students’ academic performance: an integrative conceptual framework and empirical analysis, British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2007, 77(4), pp.873–891.
 Ramos-Sanchez, L. and Nichols, L. Self-efﬁcacy of ﬁrst-generation and non-ﬁrst-generation college students: the relationship with academic performance and college adjustment, Journal of College Counseling, 2007, 10(1), pp. 6–18.
 Zajacova, A., Lynch, S. and Espenshade, T. Self-efﬁcacy, stress, and academic achievement, Research in Higher Education, 2005, 46(6), pp. 677–699.
 Bandura, A. Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1986.
 Matoti, S. N. Measuring the Academic Self-Efficacy of Students at a South African Higher Education Institution, Journal of Psychology in Africa, 2011, 21(1), pp.151-154.
 Bandura, A. Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 2001, 52, pp.1–26.
 Sander, P., and Sanders, L. Measuring confidence in academic study: A summary report. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology and Psychopedagogy, 2004, 1(1), pp.1–17.
 Sander, P., and Sanders, L. Academic behavioural confidence: A comparison of medical and psychology students. Electronic Journal of Research in Education, 2007, 5(3), pp.633–650.
 Bandura, A. Social cognitive theory: an agentic perspective, Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 1999, 2(1), pp. 21–41.
 Bandura, A. Self-Efﬁcacy: The Exercise of Control, New York: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1997.
 Amitay, G. and Gumpel, T. Academic self-efficacy as a resilience factor among adjudicated girls, International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 2015, 20(2), pp.202-227.
 Gresham, F. M., Evans, S., and Elliot, S. N. Academic and social self-efﬁcacy scale: Development and initial validation. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 1988, 6(2), pp.125–138.
 Cicognani, E. Coping Strategies with Minor Stressors in Adolescence: Relationships with Social Support, Self-Efficacy, and Psychological Well-Being, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 201, 41, pp.559–578.
 Schunk, D. Self-efﬁcacy and academic motivation, Educational Psychology, 1991, 26(3/4), pp. 207–231.
 Bandura, A. Perceived self-efﬁcacy in cognitive development and functioning. Educational Psychologist, 1993, 28(2), pp.117–148.
 Klassen, R. Writing in early adolescence: A review of the role of self-efﬁcacy beliefs. Educational Psychology Review, 2002, 14(2), pp.173–203.
 Phan, H. Students’ academic performance and various cognitive processes of learning: an integrative framework and empirical analysis, Educational Psychology, 2010, 30(3), pp.297–322.
 Torres, J. and Solberg, V. Role of self-efﬁcacy, stress, social integration and family support in Latino college student persistence and health, Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 2001, 59(1), pp.53–63.
 Chemers, M., Hu, L. and Gracia, B. Academic self-efﬁcacy and ﬁrst-year college student performance and adjustment, Journal of Educational Psychology, 2001, 93(1), pp.55–64.
 Wilson, F., Kickul, J. and Marlino, D. Gender, entrepreneurial self-efﬁcacy, and entrepreneurial career intentions: implications for entrepreneurship education, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 2007, 31(3), pp. 387–406.
 Huang, C. Gender differences in academic self-efﬁcacy: a meta-analysis, European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2013, 28(1), pp.1–35.
 Choi, N. Self-efﬁcacy and self-concept as predictors of college students’ academic performance, Psychology in Schools, 2005, 42(2), pp.197–205.
 Sachitra V., Chong S. C. and Khin A. A. Sources of competitive advantage measurement in the Minor Export Crop Sector in Sri Lanka: Result from pilot study, Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics and Sociology, 2016, 12(2), pp.1-15.
 Cotten, S. and Wilson, B. Student-faculty interactions: dynamics and determinants, Higher Education, 2006, 51(4), pp. 487–519.
 Yamarik, S. Does cooperative learning improve student learning outcomes, The Journal of Economic Education, 2007, 38(3), pp.259–277.