Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 32020
Use of Fruit Beetles, Waxworms Larvae and Tiger Worms in Waste Conditioning for Composting
Authors: Waleed S. Alwaneen
Abstract:In many countries, cow dung is used as farm manure and for biogas production. Several bacterial strains associated with cow dung such as Campylobacter, Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli cause serious human diseases. The objective of the present study was to investigate the use of insect larvae including fruit beetle, waxworms and tiger worms to improve the breakdown of agricultural wastes and reduce their pathogen loads. Fresh cow faeces were collected from a cattle farm and distributed into plastic boxes (100 g/box). Each box was provided with 10 larvae of fruit beetle, Waxworms and Tiger worms, respectively. There were 3 replicates in each treatment including the control. Bacteria were isolated weekly from both control and cow faeces to which larvae were added to determine the bacterial populations. Results revealed that the bacterial load was higher in the cow faeces treated with fruit beetles than in the control, while the bacterial load was lower in the cow faeces treated with waxworms and tiger worms than in the control. The activities of the fruit beetle larvae led to the cow faeces being liquefied which provided a more conducive growing media for bacteria. Therefore, higher bacterial load in the cow faeces treated with fruit beetle might be attributed to the liquefaction of cow faeces.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1132256Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 787
 Adegunloye, D. V., Adetuyi, F. C., Akinyosoye, F. A. and Doyeni, M. O. (2007). Microbial Analysis of Compost Using Cowdung as Booster. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 6: 506-510.
 Westover, H. L. (1926) Farm Manures p. 193-196.
 Shanks, O. C., C. A. Kelty, S. Archibeque, M. Jenkins, R. J. Newton, S. L. McLellan, S. M. Huse, and M. L. Sogin (2011). Community structure of cattle fecal bacteria from different animal feeding operations. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 77:2992-3001.
 Gannon, V. P. J. (2004) Control of zoonotic waterborne pathogens in animal reservoirs. In Waterborne Zoonoses: Identification, Causes and Control ed. Cotruvo, J. A, Dufour, A., Rees, G., Bartram, J., Carr, R., Cliver, D. O, Craun, G. F, Fayer, R. and Gannon, V. P. J. pp. 380–408. London, UK: IWA Publishing.
 Sinton, L. W., R. R. Braithwaite, C. H. Hall, and M. L. Mackenzie. 2007. Survival of indicator and pathogenic bacteria in bovine faeces on pasture. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 73:7917-7925.
 Erickson, M. C., M. Islam, C. Sheppard, J. Liao, and M. P. Doyle. 2004. Reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis in chicken manure by larvae of the black soldier fly. Journal of Food Protection. 67(4):685–690.
 Miller, R. G. and Tate, C. R. (1990). XLT4: A highly selective plating medium for the isolation of Salmonella. Maryland Poultryman, April p. 2-7.
 Lapage, S. P., Shelton J. E. and Mitchell T. G. (1970) in Methods in Microbiology’ Eds. Norris J. R. and Ribbons D. W. Vol.3A. Academic Press. London. p. 116.
 Li, Q., Zheng, L., Qiu, N., Cai, H., Tomberlin, J. K. and Yu, Z. (2011). Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar production. Waste Management 31, 1316-1320.