Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30127
Preparation and Characterization of Pectin Based Proton Exchange Membranes Derived by Solution Casting Method for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells
Abstract:Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) are considered to be one of the most promising candidates for portable and stationary applications in the view of their advantages such as high energy density, easy manipulation, high efficiency and they operate with liquid fuel which could be used without requiring any fuel-processing units. Electrolyte membrane of DMFC plays a key role as a proton conductor as well as a separator between electrodes. Increasing concern over environmental protection, biopolymers gain tremendous interest owing to their eco-friendly bio-degradable nature. Pectin is a natural anionic polysaccharide which plays an essential part in regulating mechanical behavior of plant cell wall and it is extracted from outer cells of most of the plants. The aim of this study is to develop and demonstrate pectin based polymer composite membranes as methanol impermeable polymer electrolyte membranes for DMFCs. Pectin based nanocomposites membranes are prepared by solution-casting technique wherein pectin is blended with chitosan followed by the addition of optimal amount of sulphonic acid modified Titanium dioxide nanoparticle (S-TiO2). Nanocomposite membranes are characterized by Fourier Transform-Infra Red spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy, and Energy dispersive spectroscopy analyses. Proton conductivity and methanol permeability are determined into order to evaluate their suitability for DMFC application. Pectin-chitosan blends endow with a flexible polymeric network which is appropriate to disperse rigid S-TiO2 nanoparticles. Resulting nanocomposite membranes possess adequate thermo-mechanical stabilities as well as high charge-density per unit volume. Pectin-chitosan natural polymeric nanocomposite comprising optimal S-TiO2 exhibits good electrochemical selectivity and therefore desirable for DMFC application.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1132146Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 566
 V. Neburchilov, J. Martin, H. Wang, J. Zhang, “A review of polymer electrolyte membranes for direct methanol fuel cells,” J. Power Sources., vol.169, no., pp. 221–238, Apr. 2007.
 V. Radenahmad, A. Afif, P. I. Petra, S.M.H. Rahman, S. G. Eriksson, A. K. Azad, “Proton-conducting electrolytes for direct methanol and direct urea fuel cells-A state-of-the-art review,” Renew. Sustainable Energy Rev., vol.57, no., pp.1347–1358, May. 2016.
 S. P. Jiang, Z. G. Liu, Z. Q. Tian, “Layer-by-Layer Self-Assembly of Composite Polyelectrolyte–Nafion Membranes for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells” Adv. Mater., vol.18, no.8, pp.1068–1072, Apr 2006.
 A. Muthumeenal, S. Neelakandan, P. Kanagaraj, A. Nagendran, “Synthesis and properties of novel proton exchange membranes based on sulfonated polyethersulfone and N-phthaloyl chitosan blends for DMFC applications” Renew. Energy., vol.86, pp.922–929, Sep 2016.
 S. Mohanapariya, S. D. Bhat, A. K. Sahu, S. Pitchumani, P. Sridhar and A. K. Shukla, “A New mixed matrix membrane for DMFCs” Energy and Environ.Sci., vol. 2, no.11, pp.1210–1216, Sep 2009.
 S. Mohanapariya, A. K. Sahu, S. D. Bhat, S. Pitchumani, P. Sridhar, C. George, N. Chandrakumar and A. K. Shukla, “Bio-composite membrane Electrolytes for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells”, J. Electrochem. Soc., vol.158, no.11, pp. B1319–B1328, Sep 2011.
 R. K. Mishra, A. Anis, S. Mondal, M. Dutt, A. K. Banthia, “Preparation and Characterization of Amidated Pectin based Polymer Electrolyte Membranes”, Chinese J. Polym.Sci., vol.27, no.5, pp.639–646, Oct 2009.
 C. Deina, E. Fois, S. Coluccia, G. Martra, “Surface structure of TiO2 P25 Nanoparticles: Infrared study of Hydroxy Groups on Coordinative Defect Sites J. Phy. Chem C., vol.114, no.49, pp.21531–21538, Nov 2010.
 M. Sairam, M.B. Patil, R. S. Veerapur, S. A. Patil, T. M. Aminabhavi, “Novel dense poly(vinyl alcohol)–TiO2 mixed matrix membranes for pervaporation separation of water–isopropanol mixtures at 30°C”, J. Membr. Sci., vol.281, no.1, pp.95-102, Sep 2006.