Eradication of Mental Illness through Buddhism
Authors: Deshar Bashu Dev
In this modern age, most people in developed and developing countries are affected by mental illness. There are many mental illnesses, and their differing symptoms impact peoples’ lives in different ways. These illnesses affect the way people think and feel, as well as how they behave with others. Mental illness results from compound interactions between the mind, body, and environment. New technologies and sciences make the world a better place. These technologies are becoming smarter and are being developed every day to help make daily life easier However, people suffer from mental illness in every part of the world. The philosophy propounded by the Buddha, Buddhism, teaches that all life is connected, from the microcosm to macrocosm. In the 2,500 years that elapsed since the death of the Buddha, his disciples have spread his teachings and developed sophisticated psycho-therapeutic methodologies. We can find many examples in Buddhist texts and in the modern age where Buddhist philosophy modern science could not solve. The Noble Eightfold Path, which is one of the main philosophies of Buddhism; it eradicates hatred and ill will and cultivates good deeds, kindness, and compassion. Buddhism, as a practice of dialectic conversation and mindfulness training, is full of rich therapeutic tools that the mental health community has adopted to help people. Similarly, Buddhist meditation is very necessary; it purifies thoughts and avoids unnecessary thinking. This research aims to study different causes of mental illness; analyzes the different approaches to eradicate mental illness problems and provides conclusions and recommendations present solutions through Buddhism in this modern age.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1131964Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1308
 Sigmund F. Das Unbehagen in der Kultur. Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag Wien., 1930; p.101
 World Health Organization, “Mental health: a state of well-being,” World Health Organization, August 2014. (Online). http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/mental_health/en/.
 Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition, William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
 The American Heritage Stedman's Medical Dictionary, Houghton Mifflin; 2 Indexed edition, September 9, 2002
 `Mental Illness and the Family: Recognizing Warning Signs and How to Cope`, Mental Health America (MHA), 500 Montgomery Street, Suite 820, Alexandria, VA 22314, 2017 (Online).
 Mental health- Children and young adults, Wikipedia, 15 August 2017
 `Depression What You Need to Know`, National Institute of Mental Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health. (2015). Depression (NIH Publication No. 15-3561). Bethesda, MD: U.S. Government Printing Office.
 Kessler RC, Chiu WT, Demler O, Merikangas KR, Walters EE. Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of 12-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005 Jun; 62(6):617-27.
 Masahide Usami , Yoshitaka Iwadare, Kyota Watanabe, Masaki Kodaira, Hirokage Ushijima, Tetsuya Tanaka, Maiko Harada,Hiromi Tanaka,Yoshinori Sasaki,Kazuhiko Saito `Analysis of Changes in Traumatic Symptoms and Daily Life Activity of Children Affected by the 2011 Japan Earthquake and Tsunami over Time`, PLOS ONE Journal, February 19, 2014, C2354500, and is based in San Francisco, California, US.
 The Japan Times, “Children in Japan’s disaster districts found to have higher incidence of mental problems,” 2 March 2016. (Online).
 Arti Singh and Shikha Dixit, Lower Socio-economic Status and Cardiovascular Disease: Role of Healthcare Facility and Policy in India, Indian, Vol 28 No 3, 2016.
 Alfred Souma, Nancy Rickerson, and Sheryl Burgstahler, Academic Accommodations for Students with Psychiatric Disabilities, University of Washington,Seattle, 2001 (Online).
 Smith: Greeks on the Black Sea: Ancient Art from the Hermitage, 1991, p. 101.
 Tapas Kumar Aich, Buddha philosophy and western psychology, Indian Journal of Psychiatry v.55 (Suppl 2); 2013 Jan
 J. K. &. T. Brach, “The Mindfulness Meditation Teacher Certification Program,” In Scotts Valley, California, 2017.
 Caroline Brazier, A Buddhist Perspective on Mental Health, Paper for Nurturing Heart and Spirit: A National Multi-Faith Symposium; Held under the auspices of the Nimhe Spirituality Project, Staffordshire University and The Spirituality and Mental Health Forum, November 1, 2006
 Wallace, R. K., and Benson, H. 1972. The physiology of meditation. Scientific American 226: 84-90.
 J. Ubaidilah, Meditation on Buddhism and Health, 2012.
 Buddhist Meditation and Health B. Net, “Buddhist Meditation and Health,” 1996-2012. (Online). http://www.buddhanet.net/sangha-mett.
 Baruch Fishhoff PhD, Noel T. Brewer PhD, & Julie S. Downs PhD, editors, Communicating Risks and Benefits: An Evidence- Based user`s Guide, US Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration 10903 New Hampshire Ave, Solver Spring, MD 20993, 2009
 B. Bhikkhu, Mindfulness with Breathing: a Manual for Serious Beginners, Wisdom Publications Inc. 199 Elm Street Somerville, MA 02144-3195, USA, 1996.
 T. J. B. M. C. Center, “A research by Phattaya Jitsuwan has found that Buddhadasa was right about the breathing technique using meditation. The meditation with correct breathing has shown to have great effects of relieving anxiety and depression in individuals with kidney failur,”The New Research Building Harvard Medical School 77Avenue Louis Pasteur, Tuesday, March 8, 2016.
 Buddha Net, “Buddhist Meditation and Health,” Dharma Education Association.1996-2012 (online).
 Sean Gardner, Spirit of Rebellion, A Blog About Social Change, The People and Things that Help Make this World a Better Place, January, 2011
 P. Payuddho, “Buddhist Meditation and Health,” 1993, pp. 15-16.
 Cheewit, “A Constitution for Living,” 1998, p. 37.
 FreeSangha - Buddhist Forum, Meditation and Blood Pressure, August 2011.
 B. Net, “Buddhist Meditation and Health,” 1996-2012. (Online).
 A. Harrington, “Is Spirituality Good for your Health,” Harvard University, (online).
 Herbert Benson, `The Relaxation Response`, An Imprint of Harper Collins Publishers 10 East 53rd Street New York 10022-5299, 1975