Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 32468
Gasification of Trans-4-Hydroxycinnamic Acid with Ethanol at Elevated Temperatures
Abstract:Lignin is a major constituent of woody biomass, and exists abundantly in nature. It is the major byproducts from the paper industry and bioethanol production processes. The byproducts are mainly used for low-valued applications. Instead, lignin can be converted into higher-valued gaseous fuel, thereby helping to curtail the ever-growing price of oil and to slow down the trend of global warming. Although biochemical treatment is capable of converting cellulose into liquid ethanol fuel, it cannot be applied to the conversion of lignin. Alternatively, it is possible to convert lignin into gaseous fuel thermochemically. In the present work, trans-4-hydroxycinnamic acid, a model compound for lignin, which closely resembles the basic building blocks of lignin, is gasified in an autoclave with ethanol at elevated temperatures and pressures, that are above the critical point of ethanol. Ethanol, instead of water, is chosen, because ethanol dissolves trans-4-hydroxycinnamic acid easily and helps to convert it into lighter gaseous species relatively well. The major operating parameters for the gasification reaction include temperature (673-873 K), reaction pressure (5-25 MPa) and feed concentration (0.05-0.3 M). Generally, more than 80% of the reactant, including trans-4-hydroxycinnamic acid and ethanol, were converted into gaseous products at an operating condition of 873 K and 5 MPa.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1131858Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 737
 I.G. Lee, M. S. Kim, and S. K. Ihm, "Gasification of glucose in supercritical water," Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 41, pp. 1182-1188, 2002.
 Pratap T. Patil, Udo Armbruster, Manfred Richter, Andreas Martin, “Heterogeneously catalyzed hydroprocessing of organosolv lignin in sub- and supercritical solvents,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 25, pp. 4713-4722, 2011.
 Aaron K. Goodwin, Gregory L. Rorrer, “Conversion of xylose and xylose-phenol mixtures to hydrogen-rich gas by supercritical water in an isothernal microtube flow reactor,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 23, pp. 3818-3825, 2009.
 Tau Len-Kelly Yong, Yukihiko Matsumura, “Reaction kinetics of the lignin conversion in supercritical water,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. vol. 51, pp. 11975-11988, 2012.
 O. Sato, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Murakami, T. Takahashi, Y. Enda, M. Shirai, "Supercritical water gasification of residue from ethanol production from japanese cedar," Energy and Fuels, vol. 27, pp. 3861-3866, 2013.
 L. Zhao, C. Liu, Y. Wang, L. Dai, "Catalytic ethanolysis and gasification of kraft lignin into aromatic alcohols and H2-rich gas over Rh supported on La2O3/CeO2–ZrO2," Bioresource Technology, vol. 218, pp. 926-933, 2016.
 Shyh-Ming Chern and H. Y. Cheng, “The Gasification of Fructose in Supercritical Water,” International Journal of Chemical, Nuclear, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, vol. 8, pp. 634-638, 2014.
 H. E. Dillon, S. G. Penoncello, "A Fundamental Equation for Calculation of the Thermodynamic Properties of Ethanol," International Journal of Thermophysics, vol. 25, pp. 321-335, 2004.