Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30121
A Study on Shavadoon Underground Living Space in Dezful and Shooshtar Cities, Southwest of Iran: As a Sample of Sustainable Vernacular Architecture

Authors: Haniyeh Okhovat, Mahmood Hosseini, Omid Kaveh Ahangari, Mona Zaryoun

Abstract:

Shavadoon is a type of underground living space, formerly used in urban residences of Dezful and Shooshtar cities in southwestern Iran. In spite of their high efficiency in creating cool spaces for hot summers of that area, Shavadoons were abandoned, like many other components of vernacular architecture, as a result of the modernism movement. However, Shavadoons were used by the local people as shelters during the 8-year Iran-Iraq war, and although several cases of bombardment happened during those years, no case of damage was reported in those two cities. On this basis, and regarding the high seismicity of Iran, the use of Shavadoons as post-disasters shelters can be considered as a good issue for research. This paper presents the results of a thorough study conducted on these spaces and their seismic behavior. First, the architectural aspects of Shavadoon and their construction technique are presented. Then, the results of seismic evaluation of a sample Shavadoon, conducted by a series of time history analyses, using Plaxis software and a set of selected earthquakes, are briefly explained. These results show that Shavadoons have good stability against seismic excitations. This stability is mainly because of the high strength of conglomerate materials inside which the Shavadoons have been excavated. On this basis, and considering other merits of this components of vernacular architecture in southwest of Iran, it is recommended that the revival of these components is seriously reconsidered by both architects and civil engineers.

Keywords: Shavadoon, Iran high seismicity, Conglomerate, Modeling in Plaxis, vernacular sustainable architecture.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1131812

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 548

References:


[1] Singh, M. K., Mahapatra, S., & Atreya, S. K. (2009). Bioclimatism and vernacular architecture of north-east India. Building and Environment, 44(5), 878-888.
[2] Zhai, Z. J., & Previtali, J. M. (2010). Ancient vernacular architecture: characteristics categorization and energy performance evaluation. Energy and Buildings, 42(3), 357-365.
[3] Rahimiyeh, F. & Roboobi, M. (1974). Recognition of vernacular city and dwelling in Iran, hot and semi-humid climate, Dezful-Shooshtar, M.Sc. Thesis submitted to School of Architecture, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
[4] Kimura, Ken-ichi. "Vernacular technologies applied to modern architecture."Renewable energy 5, no. 5 (1994): 900-907.
[5] Mottaki, Zoheir, and Iman Amini. "Cultural Sustainability Patterns In Vernacular Architecture: A Case Study of Gilan, Iran." GSTF Journal of Engineering Technology (JET) 2, no. 1 (2013): 106.
[6] Babsail, M. O., & Al-Qawasmi, J. (2014). Vernacular architecture in Saudi Arabia: Revival of displaced traditions. Vernacular architecture: Towards a sustainable future, 99-104.
[7] Hadianpour, Mohammad; Kordjamshidi, Maria and Mansour pour, Majid, Investigating the Cooling Usage of Shavadoons and their Potential Use in Contemporary Architecture, Bi-Seasonal Vernacular Art, Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring and Summer 2014
[8] Okhovat, H., Hosseini, M. and Zaryoun, M. (2015). Disaster-Resiliency Aspects of Vernacular Architecture: Case Study of Dezful, Southwest Iran, Proceedings of 7thIDRiM Conference, Isfahan, Iran, 1-3 November 2016.