Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30855
Estimating Marine Tidal Power Potential in Kenya

Authors: Lucy Patricia Onundo, Wilfred Njoroge Mwema


The rapidly diminishing fossil fuel reserves, their exorbitant cost and the increasingly apparent negative effect of fossil fuels to climate changes is a wake-up call to explore renewable energy. Wind, bio-fuel and solar power have already become staples of Kenyan electricity mix. The potential of electric power generation from marine tidal currents is enormous, with oceans covering more than 70% of the earth. However, attempts to harness marine tidal energy in Kenya, has yet to be studied thoroughly due to its promising, cyclic, reliable and predictable nature and the vast energy contained within it. The high load factors resulting from the fluid properties and the predictable resource characteristics make marine currents particularly attractive for power generation and advantageous when compared to others. Global-level resource assessments and oceanographic literature and data have been compiled in an analysis of the technology-specific requirements for tidal energy technologies and the physical resources. Temporal variations in resource intensity as well as the differences between small-scale applications are considered.

Keywords: Renewable Energy, Environmental legislation, Energy data assessment, tidal-in-stream turbines

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 807


[1] Huckerby J, Jeffrey H, Jay B., ‘An international vision for ocean energy; Ocean energy systems implementing agreement’ (2011)
[2] A. Lewis, S. Estefen, J. Huckerby, W. Musial, T. Pontes, J. Torres-Martinez Ocean Energy et al. O. Edenhofer, R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, K. Seyboth, P. Matschoss, S. Kadner (Eds.), ‘IPCC special report on renewable energy sources and climate change mitigation’ Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York (2011), pp. 497–533
[3] Brito E Melo A, Villate JL, Editors, ‘Annual report’ (2014) Implementing Agreement on ocean energy systems IEA-OES (2015)
[4] Magagna D, MacGillivray A, Jeffrey H, Hanmer C, Raventos A, Badcock-Broe A, et al. ‘Wave and tidal energy strategic technology agenda. Strategic initiative for ocean energy’ SI ocean, 2014.
[5] D. Magagna, A. Uihlein JRC ‘ocean energy status report’ Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg (2014)
[6] MacGillivray A, Jeffrey H, Hanmer C, Magagna D, Raventos A, Badcock-Broe A. ‘Ocean energy technology: gaps and barriers. Strategic initiative for ocean energy (SI ocean)’ (2013)
[7] EERA and ERA-NET joint workshop on wave and tidal energy within the European Union. EERA Alliance, (2015)
[8] D. Magagna, A. Uihlein ‘Ocean energy development in Europe: current status and future perspectives’ Int J Mar Energy, 11 (2015), pp. 84–104
[9] G. Sannino, C. Cavicchioli, ‘Overcoming research challenges for ocean renewable energy European Union, Luxembourg (2013)
[10] G. Iglesias, R. Carballo, ‘Choosing the site for the first wave farm in a region: a case study in the Galician Southwest (Spain)’ Energy, 36 (2011), pp. 5525–5531
[11] R.A. Arinaga, K.F. Cheung, ‘Atlas of global wave energy from 10 years of reanalysis and hindcast data’ Renew Energy, 39 (2012), pp. 49–64
[12] M. Gonçalves, P. Martinho, C. Guedes Soares, ‘Wave energy conditions in the western French coast’ Renew Energy, 62 (2014), pp. 155–163
[13] R. Carballo, G. Iglesias, ‘A methodology to determine the power performance of wave energy converters at a coastal location’ Energy Convers Manag, 61 (2012), pp. 8–18
[14] F. O’Rourke, F. Boyle, A. Reynolds ‘Tidal current energy resource assessment in Ireland: Current status and future update’ Renew Sustain Energy Rev, 14 (2010), pp. 3206–3212
[15] G. Reikard, P. Pinson, J.-R. Bidlot ‘Forecasting ocean wave energy: the ECMWF wave model and time series methods’ Ocean Eng, 38 (2011), pp. 1089–1099
[16] S. Serhadlıoğlu, T.A.A. Adcock, G.T. Houlsby, S. Draper, A.G.L. Borthwick.