Different Tillage Possibilities for Second Crop in Green Bean Farming
In this study, determining of reduced tillage techniques in green bean farming as a second crop after harvesting wheat was targeted. To this aim, four different soil tillage methods namely, heavy-duty disc harrow (HD), rotary tiller (ROT), heavy-duty disc harrow plus rotary tiller (HD+ROT) and no-tillage (NT) (seeding by direct drill) were examined. Experiments were arranged in a randomized block design with three replications. The highest green beans yields were obtained in HD+ROT and NT as 5,862.1 and 5,829.3 Mg/ha, respectively. The lowest green bean yield was found in HD as 3,076.7 Mg/ha. The highest fuel consumption was measured 30.60 L ha-1 for HD+ROT whereas the lowest value was found 7.50 L ha-1 for NT. No tillage method gave the best results for fuel consumption and effective power requirement. It is concluded that no-tillage method can be used in second crop green bean in the Thrace Region due to economic and erosion conditions.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1131485Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 917
 Anonymous, 1988, “MSTAT Microcomputer Statistical Programme” Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.
 J. Arvidsson, A. Etana and T. Rydberg, “Crop Yield in Swedish Experiments with Shallow Tillage and No-Tillage”, Europe J. Agronomy, Vol 52, 2014, pp. 307-315.
 Y. Bayhan, J. Fielke and C. Saglam, “Performance of a Dual Tine and Presswheel Seeding Module for a Range of Speeds, Presswheels and Sowing Tine Alignments”, Bulgarian J. of Agricultural Sci., Vol 21, 2015, No: 2, pp. 454–460.
 J. D. Bilbro and D. F. Wanjura, “Soil Crusts and Cotton Emergence Relationships”, Transaction of the ASAE, Vol 25, 1982, No: 6, pp. 1484-1489.
 M. Borin and L. Sartori, “Barley, Soybean and Maize Production Using Ridge Tillage, No-Tillage and Conventional Tillage in North-East Italy”, J. Agric. Eng. Res., Vol 62, 1995, pp. 229–236.
 E. Cakir, E. Aykas and H. Yalcin, “Tillage Parameters and Economic Analysis of Direct Seeding, Minimum and Conventional Tillage in Wheat”, International Soil Tillage Res. Org. 16th Triennial Conference, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 2003, pp. 259–264.
 W. L. Crabtree and W. L. C. Henderson, “Furrows, Press Wheels and Wetting Agents Improve Crop Emergence and Yield on Water Repellent Soils”, Plant and Soil, Vol 214, 1999, pp. 1-8.
 T. A. Gemtos, C. Cavalaris, V. I. Demis, D. Pateras and C. Tsidari, “Effect of Changing Tillage Practices After Four Years of Continuous Reduced Tillage”, ASAE Annual International Meeting/CIGR XVth World Congress, Chicago, Illinois, USA, Paper number 021135, 2002, pp. 1–11.
 H. M. Hanna, B. L. Steward and L. Aldinger, “Soil Loading Effects of Planter Depth-Gauge Wheels on Early Corn Growth”, ASABE Annual International Meeting, Rhode Island, Paper Number: 083968, 2008.
 R. Peterson, “Statistics and Experimental Design Working Manual” In: Technical Manual No:11, International Center For Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Icarda, Aleppo, Syria, 1992, pp. 16-17.
 S. A. Prior, D. C. Reicosky, D. W. Reevesa, G. B. Runionc and R. L. Raper, “Residue and Tillage Effects on Planting Implement Induced Short-Term CO2 and Water Loss from a Loamy Sand Soil in Alabama”, Soil and Tillage Research, Vol 54, 2000, pp. 197-199.
 B. D. Soane, B. C. Ball, J. Arvidsson, G. Basch, F. Moreno and J. Roger-Estrade, “No-Till in Northern, Western and South-Western Europe A Review of Problems and Opportunities for Crop Production and The Environment”, Soil and Tillage Research, Vol 118, 2012, pp. 66–87.
 E. C. Varsa, S. K. Chong, J. O. Abolaji, D. A. Farquhar and F. J. Olsen, “Effect of Deep Tillage on Soil Physical Characteristics and Corn (Zea Mays L.) Root Growth and Production”, Soil and Tillage Research, Vol 43, 1997, pp. 219-228.
 H. Yalcin, “A Study on Investigation of The Suitable Tillage Methods in Second Crop Maize for Silage”, PhD Thesis, University of Ege, Institute of Natural and Applied Science, Izmir, Turkey, 1998.
 H. Yalcin and E. Cakir, “Tillage Effects and Energy Efficiencies of Subsoiling and Direct Seeding in Light Soil on Yield of Second Crop Corn for Silage in Western Turkey”, Soil and Tillage Research, Vol 90, 2006, pp. 250-255.
 Anonymous, “Crop Rotation-Benefiting Farmers, the Environment and the Economy”, 2012, pp. 1-9.
 E. Esendal, A. Istanbulluoglu, B. Arslan and C. Paşa, “Effect of water stress on growth components of winter safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.)”, 7th International Safflower Conference, Australia, 2008, pp. 1-6.