Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32729
Assessment of Multi-Domain Energy Systems Modelling Methods

Authors: M. Stewart, Ameer Al-Khaykan, J. M. Counsell


Emissions are a consequence of electricity generation. A major option for low carbon generation, local energy systems featuring Combined Heat and Power with solar PV (CHPV) has significant potential to increase energy performance, increase resilience, and offer greater control of local energy prices while complementing the UK’s emissions standards and targets. Recent advances in dynamic modelling and simulation of buildings and clusters of buildings using the IDEAS framework have successfully validated a novel multi-vector (simultaneous control of both heat and electricity) approach to integrating the wide range of primary and secondary plant typical of local energy systems designs including CHP, solar PV, gas boilers, absorption chillers and thermal energy storage, and associated electrical and hot water networks, all operating under a single unified control strategy. Results from this work indicate through simulation that integrated control of thermal storage can have a pivotal role in optimizing system performance well beyond the present expectations. Environmental impact analysis and reporting of all energy systems including CHPV LES presently employ a static annual average carbon emissions intensity for grid supplied electricity. This paper focuses on establishing and validating CHPV environmental performance against conventional emissions values and assessment benchmarks to analyze emissions performance without and with an active thermal store in a notional group of non-domestic buildings. Results of this analysis are presented and discussed in context of performance validation and quantifying the reduced environmental impact of CHPV systems with active energy storage in comparison with conventional LES designs.

Keywords: CHPV, thermal storage, control, dynamic simulation.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1453


[1] Digest of UK Energy Statistics, online resource,, retrieved 2017.
[2] Directive 2002/91/EC Of The European Parliament And Of The Council of 16 December 2002, online resource;ELX_SESSIONID=FZMjThLLzfxmmMCQGp2Y1s2d3TjwtD8QS3pqdkhXZbwqGwlgY9KN!2064651424?uri=CELEX%3A32010L0031, retrieved 2014.
[3] UK Building Regulations, Department for Communities and Local Government, Planning Development Documents-Collections,, retrieved Apr 2017.
[4] BRE Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP),, retrieved 2015.
[5] BRE Simplified Building Energy Model (SBEM),, retrieved 2017.
[6] DCLG approved national calculation methodologies and software programs for buildings other than dwellings,, retrieved 2016.
[7] Counsell, J.M., Murphy G.B., Allison J. “Control of micro-CHP and thermal energy storage for minimising electrical grid utilisation”, International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies Advance Access published August 21, 2014
[8] Counsell J M, Al-Khaykan A, Stewart M J. “Control of a Fully Integrated Energy System for a Building”. International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, vol 5, no. 4, October 2016, pp229-236
[9] Counsell, J. M., Murphy G. B., Allison J, et al. calibrating a combined energy systems analysis and controller design method with empirical data. Exergy International Journal Volume 57, Pages 484–494, 2013
[10] Counsell, J.M., Ameer, Al-khaykan, Stewart, M., “CHPV Control”. IET Faraday conference, Calcutta India, IET. 2015.
[11] Counsell, J.M., Ameer, Al-khaykan, Stewart, M., “Advanced Control of a fully integrated Renewable and CHP Heated, Cooled and Powered building”. 5th IET International Conference on Renewable Power Generation (RPG) 2016, 2016 page 10.