Cyber Security Situational Awareness among Students: A Case Study in Malaysia
This paper explores the need for a national baseline study on understanding the level of cyber security situational awareness among primary and secondary school students in Malaysia. The online survey method was deployed to administer the data collection exercise. The target groups were divided into three categories: Group 1 (primary school aged 7-9 years old), Group 2 (primary school aged 10-12 years old), and Group 3 (secondary school aged 13-17 years old). A different questionnaire set was designed for each group. The survey topics/areas included Internet and digital citizenship knowledge. Respondents were randomly selected from rural and urban areas throughout all 14 states in Malaysia. A total of 9,158 respondents participated in the survey, with most states meeting the minimum sample size requirement to represent the country’s demographics. The findings and recommendations from this baseline study are fundamental to develop teaching modules required for children to understand the security risks and threats associated with the Internet throughout their years in school. Early exposure and education will help ensure healthy cyber habits among millennials in Malaysia.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1131053Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2170
 M. Majid, “Royal Malaysian Police Statistics,” 2013. (Online). Available: http://www.skmm.gov.my/skmmgovmy/media/General/pdf/DSP-Mahfuz-Majid-Cybercrime-Malaysia.pdf (Accessed: 24-Apr-2016).
 A. Mubarak, “Child Safety Issues in Cyberspace: A Critical Theory on Trends and Challenges in the ASEAN Region,” Int. J. Comput. Appl., pp. 48–55, 2015.
 “New avenues for cooperation: Tackling human trafficking in Asia,” International Labour Organization (ILO), 2014. (Online). Available: http://www.eurasiareview.com/05042014-new-avenuesfor-regional-cooperation-tackling-human-trafficking-inasia-analysis. (Accessed: 26-Aug-2016).
 I. Ishak, A. Sidi, F., M. Jabar, N. Mohd Sani, A. Mustapha, and S. Supian, “A Survey on Security Awareness among Social Networking Users in Malaysiatle,” Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci., vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 23–29, 2012.
 P. Soh, Y. Yan, T. S. Ong, and B. Teh, “Digital Divide amongst Urban Youths in Malaysia – Myth or Reality?,” Asian Soc. Sci., vol. 8, no. 15, pp. 75–85, 2012.
 “DiGi CyberSAFE The National Survey Report 2015: Growing Digital Resilience among Malaysian Schoolchildren on Staying Safe Online,” DiGI, CyberSecurity Malaysia, Kementeri. Pendidik. Malaysia, 2015.
 V. Balakrishnan, “Cyberbullying among Young Adults in Malaysia: The Roles of Gender, Age and Internet Frequency,” Comput. Human Behav., vol. 46, pp. 149–157, 2015.
 K. Pawelczyk, P. Kaur Karam Singh, and I. Nadchatram, “Exploring the Digital Landscape in Malaysia: Access and Use of Digital Technologies by Children and Adolescents,” UNISEF Malaysia, 2014.
 S. Al-Jerbie and M. Jali, “A Second Look at the Information Security Awareness among Secondary School,” Proc. Int. Conf. Inf. Secur. Cyber Forensics, pp. 88–97, 2014.
 M. Tekerek and A. Tekerek, “A Research on Students’ Information Security Awareness,” Turkish J. Educ., vol. 2, no. 3, 2013.
 “School Programmes - Social and Emotional Learning - Cyber Wellness,” Ministry of Education, Singapore. (Online). Available: https://www.moe.gov.sg/education/programmes/social-and-emotional-learning/cyber-wellness (Accessed: 26-Apr-2016).
 “Education Resources – School Policies – Implementing Policies,” Office of the Children’s eSafety Commissioner, Australian Government. (Online). Available: https://www.esafety.gov.au/education-resources/school-policies/implementing-policies. (Accessed: 26-Apr-2016).
 “International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Global Cybersecurity Index & Cyberwellness Profiles,” ABI Research & International Telecommunication Union (ITU), 2015. (Online). Available: http://www.itu.int/dms_pub/itu-d/opb/str/D-STR-SECU-2015-PDF-E.pdf. (Accessed: 26-Apr-2016).