Effect of High-Heeled Shoes on Gait: A Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems Based Approach
The accelerations generated by the shoes in the body should be known in order to prevent balance problems, degradation of body shape and to spend less energy. In this study, it is aimed to investigate the effects of the shoe heel height on the human body. The working group has been created as five women (range 27-32 years) with different characteristics and five shoes with different heel heights (1, 3.5, 5, 7 and 9 cm). Individuals in the study group wore shoes and walked along a 20-meter racecourse. The accelerations created by the shoes are measured in three axes (30.270 accelerometric data) and analyzed. Results show us that; while walking with high-heeled shoes, the foot is lifted more; in this case, more effort has been spent. So, more weight has occurred at ankles and joints. Since high-heeled shoes cause greater acceleration, women wearing high-heeled shoes tend to pay more attention when taking a step. As a result, for foot and body health, shoe heel must be designed to absorb the reaction from the ground. High heels disrupt the structure of the foot and it is damaging the body shape. In this respect, this study is considered to be a remarkable method to find of effect of high-heeled shoes on gait by using accelerometer in the literature.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130521Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 540
 R. L. Waters, S. Mulroy, “The energy expenditure of normal and pathologic gait,” Gait & Posture, vol. 9, pp. 207-31, 1999, PMID: 10575082.
 Gait analysis. Unpublished. Available online: http://www.felc-romatizma.com/yurume-analizi/ (accessed Feb. 28, 2017).
 R. McNeill Alexander, “Walking and Running”, The mathematical gazette, vol. 80, no. 488, pp. 262-266, 1996. doi: 10.2307/3619558.
 S. Xiong and V.D. Hapsari, “Effects of heel height and wearing experience on human standing balance,” Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, vol. 7(Suppl 1), pp. A97, 2014. doi: 10.1186/1757-1146-7-S1-A97.
 K. Miseung, K. Sumin, K. Seurim, P. Jinhyun and H. Dongwook, “Muscle activations of the paraspinal muscles in different types of shoe during walking,” J. Phys. Ther. Sci., vol.24, pp. 905–907, 2012. doi: 10.1589/jpts.24.905
 A. Albarbar, S. Mekid, A. Starr, and R. Pietruszkiewicz, “Suitability of MEMS Accelerometers for Condition Monitoring: An experimental study,” Sensors, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 784-799, 2008. doi: 10.3390/s8020784.
 J. Ning, “Detecting Human Falls with a 3-Axis Digital accelerometer, Analog Dialogue” 43-07, July 2009. unpublished. Available online: http://www.analog.com/library/analogdialogue/archives/43-07/fall_detector.html, accessed date: 11/03/2017, time: 11:51.
 D. Roetenberg, H. Luinge and P. Slycke, “Xsens MVN: Full 6DOF Human Motion Tracking Using Miniature Inertial Sensors,” Xsens Technologies, April 2013. Available online: https://www.xsens.com/images/stories/PDF/MVN_white_paper.pdf, access date: 11/02/2017, time: 11:58.
 D. Roetenberg, P. J. Slycke and P. H. Veltink, “Ambulatory position and orientation tracking fusing magnetic and intertial sensing,” IEEE Transactions On Biomedical Engineering, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 883-890. May 2007, doi: 10.1109/TBME.2006.889.
 K. Niazmand, I. Somlai, S. Louizi and T. C. Lüth, “Proof of the accuracy of measuring pants to evaluate the activity of the hip and legs in everyday life,” in Proc. International ICST Conference on Wireless Mobile Communication and Healthcare – Mobihealth, Cyprus, 2011, vol. 55, pp. 235-244. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-20865-2_30.
 H. Sumbul and A. H. Yuzer, “Detection of respiratory signals according to different positions using acceleration sensor,” in Proc. 23nd Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU), Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey, 2015, vol. 1, pp. 279-282. doi: 10.1109/SIU.2015.7129837.
 G. Park and Y. Woo, “Comparison between a center of mass and a foot pressure sensor system for measuring gait parameters in healthy adults,” J. Phys. Ther. Sci., vol. 27, pp. 3199–3202. 2015.
 H. Sumbul and A. H., Yuzer, “Measuring of Diaphragm Movements by using iMEMS Acceleration Sensor,” in Proc. International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bursa, Turkey, 2015, pp. 166-170.
 T. Asakura, H. Hagiwara, Y. Miyazawaet and S. Usuda, “An accelerometer-based method for estimating fluidity in the sit-to-walk task,” J. Phys. Ther. Sci., vol. 27, pp. 3565–3569, 2015. doi: 10.1589/jpts.27.3565.
 R. W. Bohannon, “Comfortable and maximum walking speed of adults aged 20-79 years: reference values and determinants,” Age and Ageing, vol. 26, pp. 15-19, 1997. PMID: 9143432.
 W. Tedeschi Filho, N. R. Dezzotti, E.E. Joviliano, T. Moriya and C.E. Piccinato, “Influence of shoe heel height on venous function in young women,” J Vasc Surg., vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 1039-44, 2012. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2012.01.039.