Communication and Devices: Face to Face Communication versus Communication with Mobile Technologies
Authors: Nuran Öze
With the rapid changes occurring in the last twenty five years, mobile phone technology has influenced every aspect of life. Technological developments within the Internet and mobile phone areas have not only changed communication practices; it has also changed the everyday life practices of individuals. This article has focused on understanding how people’s communication practices and everyday life practices have changed with the smartphone usage. The study was conducted by using in-depth interview method and the research was conducted on twenty Turkish Cypriots who live in Northern Cyprus. According to the research results, communicating via Internet has rapidly replaced face to face communication in recent years. However, results have changed according to generations. Younger generations can easily adapt themselves to technological changes because they are already gaining everyday life practices right now. However, the older generations practices are already present in their everyday life.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130519Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1071
 N. Öze, “Gündelik yaşamda internet ve sosyal ağları kullanım pratikleri: Kuzey kıbrıs vaka incelemesi”, Intermedia International e-journal, Vol. 3 (5), 2016, pp. 278-300. Retrieved from http://intermedia.ticaret.edu.tr/index.php/intermedia/article/view/82/57 (accessed 20 February 2017) DOI NO: 10.21645/intermedia.2017.15
 L. Humphreys, “Mobile social networks and urban public space,” New Media & Society, vol. XX (X), pp. 1-16. 2010. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1461444809349578 (accessed 30 January 2017) doi: 10.1177/1461444809349578
 H. Geser, “Is the cell phone undermining the social order? Understanding Mobile technology in sociological perspective” Sociology in Switzerland, Towards Cyberspace and Viral Social Relations, Online Publications. 2006. Retrieved from http://socio.ch/intcom/t_hgeser28.pdf (accessed 28 January 2017)
 H. Geser, “Towards a Sociology of the Mobile Phone”, Sociology in Switzerland: Sociology of the Mobile Phone. Online Publications. 2004 (Release 3.0). Retrieved from http://socio.ch/mobile/t_geser1.pdf accessed 28 January 2017)
 K. Hampton, “Neighborhoods in the network society the e-neighbors study” in Information, Communication & Society, Vol. 10 (5), pp. 714-748, 2007. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/13691180701658061?needAccess=true (accessed on 22 December 2016) doi: 10.1080/13691180701658061
 A. Ingrams, “Mobile phones, smartphones, and the transformation of civic behavior through mobile information” in Government Information Quarterly, vol. 32 (4), pp. 506-515, 2015. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0740624X15000921 (accessed 30 December 2016). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2015.07.007
 N. Öze, “Kuzey Kıbrıs’ta özel sektörde halkla ilişkiler: 1994-2004” Unpublished PhD Thesis, Near East University, 2014. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/13536696/KUZEY_KIBRIS_TA_%C3%96ZEL_SEKT%C3%96RDE_HALKLA_%C4%B0L%C4%B0%C5%9EK%C4%B0LER_1994-2004 (accessed on 6 March 2017).
 Ada Basını, “KKTCELL açıkladı: Akıllı telefon kullanımı %44’e yükseldi” 1 June 2015. Retrieved from http://www.adabasini.com/haber/kktcell-acikladi-akilli-telefon-kullanimi-44e-yukseldi-58881.html (accessed at 2 February 2016)
 Information Technologies and Communication Authority, “About us”, Retrieved from http://www.bthk.org/eng/about-us/ (accessed on 6 March 2017)
 P. Alper, “KKTC’de mobil kullanım oranları”, in Kıbrıs Postası, Retrieved from http://www.kibrispostasi.com/index.php/cat/1/col/169/art/29935/PageName/KIBRIS_POSTASI (accessed at 2 February 2016)
 A. Vamık, “KKTC nüfusunun iki katı oranında cep telefonu kullanıcısı var”, in Kıbrıs Postası, Retrieved from http://www.kibrispostasi.com/print.php?news=211317 (accessed on 6 March 2017)
 State Planning Organization Follow Up and Coordination Department, “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Economic and Social Indicators 2014”, December 2015, Retrieved from http://www.devplan.org/Ecosos/BOOK/SEG-2014.pdf (accessed at 2 February 2016)
 L. Srivastava , “Mobile phones and the evolution of social behavior”, in Behaviour & Information Technology, Vol. 24(2), pp. 111-129, 2005. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01449290512331321910?needAccess=true (accessed on 25 December 2016) DOI: 10.1080/01449290512331321910.
 B. Wellman, “Physical place and cyber place: The rise of personalized networking”, in International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 25 (2), pp. 227-252, 2001. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1468-2427.00309/epdf (accessed on 2 March 2017).
 L. Palen, M. Salzman and E. Youngs, “Going wierless: Behaviour & practice of new mobile phone users”, in Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW '00), Philadelphia, PA, 2000: pp. 201-210. Retrieved from http://cmci.colorado.edu/~palen/palen_papers/palen-mobilephones.pdf (acceessed 20 February 2017)
 J. H. Kuznekoff and S. Titswoerth, “The impact of mobile phone usage on student learning”, in Communication Education, Vol. 62 (3), pp. 233-252, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03634523.2013.767917 (accessed on 25 December 2016). DOI: 10.1080/03634523.2013.767917
 K. Ishii, “Implications of mobility: The uses of personal communication media in everyday life”, in Journal of Communication, Vol. 56, pp. 346-379, 2006. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2006.00023.x/epdf (accessed on 26 December 2016). doi:10.1111/j.1460-2466.2006.00023.x
 O. Banjo, Y. Hu and S. Sundar, “Cell phone usage and social interaction with proximate others: Ringing in a theorotical model. The Open Communication Journal, vol. 2, 2008, pp. 127-135. Retrieved from https://benthamopen.com/contents/pdf/TOCOMMJ/TOCOMMJ-2-127.pdf (accessed 15 January 2017) doi: 10.2174/1874916X00802010127
 L. Skenazy, “Smartphone Apps great for marketing, bad for social skills” in Advertising Age, 09 February 2009. Retrieved from http://adage.com/article/lenore-skenazy/smartphone-apps-great-marketing-bad-social-skills/134345/ (accessed 26 December 2016).
 B. Bates, K. Albright and K. Washington, “Not your plain old telephone: New services and new impacts” in Communication Technology, C. Lin and D. Atkins, Eds., Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, 2002: pp. 91-124.
 S. Zhao, “Do internet users have more social ties? A call for differentiated analysis of Internet use?” in Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol. 11, pp. 844-862, 2006. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2006.00038.x/epdf (accessed 26 December 2016). doi:10.1111/j.1083-6101.2006.00038.x
 B. Wellman and C. Haythornthwaite, “The internet in Everyday Life: An Introduction” in The Internet in Everyday Life, B. Wellman and C. Haythornthwaite, Eds., Oxford: Blackwell, 2002: pp. 3-44.
 J. Boase, J. Horrigan, B. Wellman and L. Rainie, “The strength of Internet ties”, in Pew Internet & American Life Project, Washington, DC, 2006. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/pdfs/PIP_Internet_ties.pdf (accessed on 22 December 2016)
 B. Wellman, A. Quan-Haase, J. Boase and W. Chen, “Examining the Internet in everyday life,” (The euricom conference on e-democracy, Nijmegen, Netherlands. 9-12 October 2002). Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.11.8754&rep=rep1&type=pdf (accessed on 22 August 2016)
 L. Fortunati, “The mobile phone: new social categories and relations”. Information, Communication & Society, vol. 5 (4), pp. 513-528. 2007. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13691180208538803 (accessed 15 January 2017)
 D. Derks, A. H. Fisher and A. E. R. Boss, “The role of emotion in computer-mediated communication: A review”, in Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 24 (3), 2008, pp.766-785. Retrieved from http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1347589 (accessed on 30 December 2016). doi:10.1016/j.chb.2007.04.004
 C. Licoppe and Z. Smoreda, “Are social networks technologically embedded? How networks technologically are changing today with changes in communication technology”, in Social Networks, Vol. 27, 2017, pp. 317-335. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2004.11.001 (accessed on 26 December 2016).
 H. Kim, G. J. Kim, H. W. Park and R. E. Rice, “Configuration of relationships in different Media: FtF, email, instant messenger, mobile phone and sms” in Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, vol. 12 (4), 2007, pp. 1183-1207. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00369.x/epdf (accessed 26 December 2016) doi:10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00369.x
 R. Ling, “Restaurants, mobile phones and bad manners: New technology and the shifting of social boundaries”, In: Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium in Human Factors in Telecommunication, Copenhagen, Denmark, May 1999, pp, 209-221.
 R. Wei and V. Lo, “Staying Connected while on the move”, in New Media & Society, vol. 8 (1), pp. 53-72, 2006. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1461444806059870 (accessed 22 December 2016).
 L. Fortunati, “Conversazioni in famiglia” in Internation Conference’ Mutementi Della Famiglia Occidentale’, 6-8 October 1994, (Bologna, Italy).
 A. Portes, “Social Capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology” Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 24, pp. 1-24. 1998. Retrieved from http://www.rect.muni.cz/summerschool/New_Europe/Module_3/Session%206/6_Portes_Social_Capital.pdf (accessed 19 February 2017)
 R. Ling, “Direct and Mediated Interaction in the Maintenance of Social Relationship” in Home Informatics and Telematics: Information, Technology and Society, A. Sloane and F. van Rijn, Eds. Boston: Kluwer, 2000: pp. 61-86.
 B. Jin and N. Park, “In-person contact begets calling and texting: Interpersonal motives for cell phone use, face-to-face interaction, and loneliness” in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, Vol. 13 (6), 2010. Retrieved from http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/pdf/10.1089/cyber.2009.0314 (accessed on 26 December 2016). DOI: 10.1089=cyber.2009.0314
 L. Palen, “Mobile telephony in a connected life” in Communications of the ACM- robots: intelligence, versatility, adaptivity, Vol. 45 (3), 2002,pp. 78-82 Retrieved from http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=504729.504732 (accessed on 2 March 2017). doi: 10.1145/504729.504732
 S. Kim, “Korea: Personal meanings” in Perpetual Contact: Mobile Communication, Private Talk, Public Performance, J. E. Katz and M. A. Aakhus, Eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 2004, pp. 63-79. Retrieved from http://eclass.uoa.gr/modules/document/file.php/MEDIA165/gender%20and%20technology-%CF%84%CF%83%CE%B1%CE%BB%CE%AF%CE%BA%CE%B7/perpetual%20contact.pdf (accessed on 26 December 2016).
 V. Oksman and J. Turtiainen, “Mobile communication as a social stage: Meanings of mobile communication in everyday life among teenagers in Finland”, in New Media & Society, Vol. 6 (3), pp.319-339, 2004. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1461444804042518 (accessed on 5 March 2017). Doi: 10.1177/1461444804042518
 M. Kakihara and C. Sorensen, “Mobility: An extended perspective” Proceeding of the 35th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HISCSS-35), Big Island, HI: IEEE, pp. 326-350, 7-10 January 2002. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.489.9075&rep=rep1&type=pdf (accessed on 3 March 2017). DOI: 10.1109/HICSS.2002.994088
 Y. Lee, C. Chang, Y. Lin, Z. Cheng, “The dark side of smartphone usage: Psychological traits, compulsive behavior and technostress” in Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 31, pp. 373-383, 2014. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.10.047 (accessed 20 December 2016).
 C. Brod, Technostress: The Human Cost of the Computer Revolution. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1984.
 R. Kraut, S. Kiesler, B. Boneva, J. Cummings, V. Helgeson and A. Crawford, “The Internet paradox revisited”, in Journal of Social Issues, Vol 58 (1), 2002, pp. 49-74. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1540-4560.00248 (accessed on 30 December 2016). DOI: 10.1111/1540-4560.00248
 C. Jenaro, N. Flores, M. Gómez-Vela, F. González-Gil and C. Caballo, “Problematic internet and cell-phone use: Psychological, behavioral, and health correlates” in Addiction Research & Theory, Vol. 15 (3), pp. 309-320, 2007. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/16066350701350247 (accessed on 26 December 2016) DOI: 10.1080/16066350701350247.
 N. Öze, “Cultural reflections of Internet, social media and new media usage in everyday life: The case of Northern Cyprus” in Digital Media & Electronic Communic Communication, Ed. F Lienard and S Zlitni, 1-3 Jun. 2016, pp. 957-967 (4th International Conference: Digital Media and Electronic Communication, Le Havre, France) https://www.researchgate.net/publication/304539077_Cultural_Reflections_of_Social_Media_Usage_in_Everyday_Life_The_case_of_Northern_Cyprus (accessed 1 July 2016).
 E. Burgess, “The growth of the city” in The City: Suggestions for Investigation of Human Behavior in the Urban Environment, R. Park and E. Burgess Eds., Chicago: University of Chicago, 1925: pp. 47-62.
 A. Kavanaugh, J. M. Carroll, M. B. Rosson, T. T. Zin and D. D. Reese, “Community networks: Where offline communities meet online” in Computer-Mediated Communication, Vol. 10(4), 2005. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2005.tb00266.x/full (accessed on 30 December 2016). DOI: 10.1111/j.1083-6101.2005.tb00266.x
 K.Y. A. McKenna and J. A. Bargh, “Causes and consequences of social on the Internet” in Media Psychology, Vol. 1 (3), 1999, pp.249-269. . Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s1532785xmep0103_4?journalCode=hmep20 (accessed on 5 March 2017). http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s1532785xmep0103_4
 European Commission, “Freedom of Expression, Media and Digital Communication”, December, 2012. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/sites/devco/files/study-freedomexpression-communication-key-issues-201212_en_3.pdf (accessed at 1 February 2016)
 N. H. Nie and L. Erbing, “Internet and society: A preliminary report” in IT & Society, Vol. 1 (1), 2002, pp. 275-283. Retrieved from http://www.nomads.usp.br/documentos/textos/cultura_digital/tics_arq_urb/internet_society%20report.pdf (accessed on 5 March 2017).
 T. Pierce, “Social anxiety and technology: Face-toface communication versus technological communication among teens”, in Computers in Human Behavior, Vol 25 (6), 2009, pp. 1367-1372. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2009.06.003 (accessed on 26 December 2016).
 S. Turkle, Life on the screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997.
 S. Turkle, “Cyberspace and identity” in Contemporary Sociology, American Sociological Association, 28 (6), pp.643-648, 1999, Retrieved from people.exeter.ac.uk/jp501/Turkle-CyberspaceIdentity.pdf (accessed on 2 August 2016).