Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32727
Influence of Orientation in Complex Building Architecture in Various Climatic Regions in Winter

Authors: M. Alwetaishi, Giulia Sonetti


It is architecturally accepted that building form and design is considered as one of the most important aspects in affecting indoor temperature. The total area of building plan might be identical, but the design will have a major influence on the total area of external walls. This will have a clear impact on the amount of heat exchange with outdoor. Moreover, it will affect the position and area of glazing system. This has not received enough consideration in research by the specialists, since most of the publications are highlighting the impact of building envelope in terms of physical heat transfer in buildings. This research will investigate the impact of orientation of various building forms in various climatic regions. It will be concluded that orientation and glazing to wall ratio were recognized to be the most effective variables despite the shape of the building. However, linear ad radial forms were found more appropriate shapes almost across the continent.

Keywords: Architectural building design, building form, indoor air temperature, building design in different climate.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1073


[1] Morrissey, J., Moore, T., Horne, R., 2011. ‘Affordable passive solar design in a temperate climate: An experiment in residential building orientation’. Journal of Renewable Energy. 36, 568-577.
[2] Bekkouche, S., Benouaz, T., Yaiche, M., Cherier, M., Hamadani, M., Chellali, F., 2011. ‘Introduction to control of solar gain and internal temperatures by thermal insulation, proper orientation and eaves’. Journal of Energy and Buildings. 43, 2414-2421.
[3] Hamdani, M., Benouaz, T., Cherier, M., 2012. ‘Study and Effect of Orientation two Room of Buildings Located in Ghardaïa, Algeria’. Journal of Energy Procedia. 18, 632 – 639.
[4] Assem, E., 2011. ‘Correlating thermal transmittance limits of walls and roofs to orientation and solar absorption’. Journal of Energy and Buildings. 43, 3173–3180.
[5] Schlueter A, and Thesseling F., 2009. ‘Building information model based energy/exergy performance assessment in early design stages’. Automation in Construction. 18(2), 153-163.
[6] Spanos I, Simons M, and Holmes KL. 2005 ‘Cost savings by application of passive solar heating’. Structural Survey. 23(2), 111-130.
[7] I. Geoghraphy, Climate zones. Available online from accessed on 18.03.2017.
[8] Tsikaloudaki, K. Laskos, Th. Theodosiou, D. Bikas, Assessing cooling energy performance of windows for office building in the Mediterranean zone, Energy and Building, 49 (2012), pp. 192–19.
[9] Tavares, P., Gaspar, A., Martins, A., Frontini, F. (2014) ‘Evaluation of electrochromic windows impact in the energy performance of buildings in Mediterranean climates’ Journal of Energy Policy 67, 68-81.
[10] Elisabeth, G. André, H. ‘Natural cooling strategies efficiency in an office building with a double-skin façad’ Journal of Energy and Buildings. 36 (2004) 1139–1152.
[11] Elisabeth, G. André, H. ‘The most efficient position of shading devices in a double-skin façade’ Journal of Energy and Buildings, 39 (2007) 364-373.
[12] El-Monteleb, A. ‘Using simulation for studying the influence of vertical shading devices on the thermal performance in residential building: Case study of Assiut city’ Journal of Ain Shams Engineering (2012) 3, 163-174
[13] Ching, F. Architecture form, space and order. John Wiley and Sons, (2007), Canada.
[14] Alwetaishi, M., Elamary, A. (2016) ‘Impact of Building Shape on Indoor Building Performance Combined with Cost of Structure’ International Journal of Applied Engineering Research 11, 8622-8630, Research India Publications.