Social Health and Adaptation of Armenian Physicians
Authors: A. G. Margaryan
Ability of adaptation of the organism is considered as an important component of health in maintaining relative dynamic constancy of the hemostasis and functioning of all organs and systems. Among the various forms of adaptation (individual, species and mental), social adaptation of the organism has a particular role. The aim of this study was to evaluate the subjective perception of social factors, social welfare and the level of adaptability of Armenian physicians. The survey involved 2,167 physicians (592 men and 1,575 women). According to the survey, most physicians (75.1%) were married. It was found that 88.6% of respondents had harmonious family relationships, 7.6% of respondents – tense relationships, and 1.0% – marginal relationships. The results showed that the average monthly salary with all premium payments amounted to 88 263.6±5.0 drams, and 16.7% of physicians heavily relied on the material support of parents or other relatives. Low material welfare was also confirmed by the analysis of the living conditions. Analysis of the results showed that the degree of subjective perception of social factors of different specialties averaged 11.3±3.1 points, which corresponds to satisfactory results (a very good result – 4.0 points). The degree of social adaptation of physicians on average makes 4.13±1.9 points, which corresponds to poor results (allowable less than 3.0 points). The distribution of the results of social adaptation severity revealed that the majority of physicians (58.6%) showed low social adaptation, average social adaptation is observed in 22.4% of the physicians and high adaptation – in only 17.4% of physicians. In conclusions, the findings of this study suggest that the degree of social adaptation of currently practicing physicians is low.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130511Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 524
 C. Goebring, M. B. Gallaccbi, B. Künzi, P. Bovier, ''Psychosocial and Professional Characteristics of Burnout in Swiss Primary Care Practitioners: a Cross-sectional Survey'', Swiss Med. WKLY, 2005; 135: 101-108.
 E. Frank, ''Physician Health and Patient Care'', JAMA 2004; 291:637.
 E. N. Weiner, ''Valeology'', M, 2001, 416p. (in Russian).
 Gwen Adshead, ''Healing Ourselves: Ethical Issues in the Care of Sick Doctors'', Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 2005; Vol. 11; 330-337.
 H. Hartmann, ''Ego Psychology and the Problem of Adaptation'', 2002, 160P. (in Russian).
 Jenny Firth-Cozens, ''Improving the Health of Psychiatrics'', Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 2007; Vol. 13; pp.161-168.
 M. Bazargan, M. Makar, ''Preventive, Lifestyle and Personal Health Behaviors among Physicians'', Academic psychiatry, 33:4, July-August 2009, pp. 289-295.
 N.V. Fedin. ''The Problem of Occupational Risk and the Quality of Llife of Doctors'', Health Care of the Russian Federation, 2008, №5. pp.27-30.
 National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia (NSS): Statistical Yearbook of Armenia Public Health, 2015 (http://www.armstat.am/file/doc/99493623.pdf).
 R. M. Baevsky. ''Prediction of states on the verge of norm and pathology'', M, 1979, 324p. (in Russian).
 S. A. Batrymbetova ''Medical and Social Factors of Health of Students'', Health and Sanitation, 2008, 5. pp.9-11. (in Russian).
 V. D. Mendelevich, ''Clinical and medical psychology'', Textbook, 2005, 432P. (in Russian).