A Study of Structural Damage Detection for Spacecraft In-Orbit Based on Acoustic Sensor Array
With the increasing of human space activities, the number of space debris has increased dramatically, and the possibility that spacecrafts on orbit are impacted by space debris is growing. A method is of the vital significance to real-time detect and assess spacecraft damage, determine of gas leak accurately, guarantee the life safety of the astronaut effectively. In this paper, acoustic sensor array is used to detect the acoustic signal which emits from the damage of the spacecraft on orbit. Then, we apply the time difference of arrival and beam forming algorithm to locate the damage and leakage. Finally, the extent of the spacecraft damage is evaluated according to the nonlinear ultrasonic method. The result shows that this method can detect the debris impact and the structural damage, locate the damage position, and identify the damage degree effectively. This method can meet the needs of structural damage detection for the spacecraft in-orbit.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130497Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 697
 J.-C. Liou, Debi Shoots, Satellite box score (J). Orbital Debris Quarterly News, 2012, 16(2): 9.
 S. Flegel, J. Gelhaus, C. Wiedemann, P. Vorsmann, M. Oswald, S. Stabroth, H. Klinkrad, and H. Krag. The master-2009 space debris environment model. Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Space Debris’, Darmstadt, Germany 30 March–2 April 2009, (ESA SP-672, July 2009).
 Christiansen E L, Hyde J L, Bernhard R P. Space Shuttle Debris and Meteoroid Impacts (J). Advances in Space Research, 2004, 34(5): 1097-1103.
 Hyde A J, Davis A, Christiansen E. International Space Station Hand Rail and Extravehicular Activity Tool Impact Damage (J). Orbital Debris Quarterly News, 2008, 12(3): 3-6.
 A. Hoover. “Maryland Company Expanding Technology in Space -NASA Won't Leave Earth Without the CTRL UL101” in CTRL Systems, Inc. 2002, p.1.
 Astronauts Complete Spacewalk to Repair Ammonia Leak, Station Changes Command (OL). http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/ expeditions/expedition35/e35_051113_eva.html. 2013.12.05.
 Andreas Kroll, Werner Baetz, Daniel Peretzki. On Autonomous Detection of Pressured Air and Gas Leaks Using Passive IR- Thermography for Mobile Robot Application (C). 2009 IEEE International conference on Robotics and Automation, Kobe, Japan, May 12-17, 2009.
 Lear D, Hyde J, Christiansen E, et al. STS-118 Radiator Impact Damage (J). Orbital Debris Quarterly News, 2008, 12(1): 3-5.
 J.-C. Liou, Debi Shoots. Increase in ISS Debris Avoidance Maneuvers (J). Orbital Debris Quarterly News, 2012, 16(2): 1-2.
 Kitajima A, et al. Acoustic Leak Detection in Piping Systems (M). Tokyo, Japan: Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 1984.
 Cassereau D, Fink M. Time-reversal of ultrasonic fields. III. Theory of the closed time-reversal cavity (J). Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on, 1992, 39(5): 579-592.
 Xu B, Li Y, Feng H, Wang J, Qi L, Jin S. A Location Method Using Sensor Arrays for Continuous Gas Leakage in Integrally Stiffened Plates Based on the Acoustic Characteristics of the Stiffener (J). Sensors, 2015, 15(9):24644-24661.
 Qiao P, Fan W. Lamb wave-based damage imaging method for damage detection of rectangular composite plates (J). Structural Monitoring and Maintenance, 2014, 1(4): 411-425.
 Ma Yongcheng, Chen Qingsong. Application of leak detection and location technology based on ultrasonic for manned spacecraft (J). Instrument Technique and Sensor, 2009, z1, 341-343.
 Qi L, Meng D H, Yan R X, et al. A Method of Leak Detection for Spacecraft on-orbit based on Acoustic Emission (C). 2015 International Conference on Industrial Technologies, Materials and Applications (ICITMA 2015), Beijing, 2015.